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Katarzyna Suszyńska and Zuzanna Rataj

to the European Commission [EC], there are two features that qualify housing resources for the social sector i.e. affordability and type of allocation ( EC 2010 ). In line with the definition, the purpose of social housing is to deliver affordable housing resources to the market for sale, rent, allocation, maintenance and management. Managing such housing resources is no longer limited to technical and economic issues but also gains a social perspective. The analysis of social housing concepts allows one to observe great heterogeneity in spatial terms. As

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Anna Bilska

by social and institutional factors. If the city is considered as a system, it may become resilient when the relations of its network are strong and, at the same time, adaptable ( Pisano 2012 ). This ensures the flow of information, knowledge, and innovation and may lead to a state in which the city is prepared for the consequences of climate change. Therefore, the concept of resilience has first to be embedded in society and in institutions that are able to shape the urban network. The paper focuses on institutions, as they have the power to create regulations

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Mixed use and diversity as a New Urbanism principle guiding the renewal of post-industrial districts

Case studies of the Paris Rive Gauche and the New Centre of Lodz

Monika Maria Cysek-Pawlak

space and the human scale ( Plaut & Boarnet 2003 ). Its key principles, formulated by the Congress for the New Urbanism ( Marshall 2003 ) and systematised by E. Talen ( Talen 1999 ), include permeability, accessibility, walkability and social interaction. They were defined to enable the creation of a safer and denser environment with high-quality public spaces and a convenient public transport network, but most of all to ensure diversity and mixed use in urban areas ( Elsawahli, Ahmad & Shah Ali 2014 ; Hutton 2015 ; Medved 2017 ; Kim & Larsen 2017 ). The principles

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Ole B. Jensen

planning and modelling ‘mostly ignore the social dimensions of travel’ ( Larsen, Urry & Axhausenet al. 2006 : 3). The problem is caused, in part, by the basic assumptions within the transport paradigm, according to which ‘travel is a derived demand’ and furthermore that people minimise their ‘generalised costs of travel’ ( Bannister 2008 : 73). Put differently, travel (or mobility) is a secondary (derived) activity and the mobile subject is a rational agent. Such understanding spills into the aggregated analysis of urban mobilities within metropolitan areas and

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Łukasz Drozda

institutions as well as ‘watchdog’ non-governmental organisations. This kind of research approach enables more specific analysis of the impact of different public actions than propaganda-like declarations uttered by the representatives of local authorities or commercial investors. The ambiguity and complexity of the social production of space very often allows them to present the effects of their own policies as the desired ones even if the members of local communities experience their impact as negative. This is especially clear when urban ‘renewal’ affects the built

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Simon Huhndorf and Jarosław Działek

enhancing social capital resources ( Vårheim, Steinmo & Ide 2008 ; Ferguson 2012 ; Svendsen 2013 ) through strengthening existing neighbourhood ties thus fostering new relations, especially by integrating new inhabitants in a local community ( Elbeshausen & Skov 2004 ; Audunson, Essmat & Aabø 2011 ; Vårheim 2011 ; Johnson 2012 ). Libraries are expected to play this new, broader role in their communities because firstly, they are perceived as open and safe for different social groups and secondly, they represent cultural institutions with the densest network of units

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Anna Mastalerz

contains conclusions on the implementation of the Programme, the opinions of residents and recommendations for conducting participatory activities. Another programme carried out in Lodz was a Community Activism Programme, aimed at starting and maintaining a network of joint projects, and the exchange of knowledge and experience between various bodies operating in the area. Amongst other activities, four networking meetings were held: two Social Information Forums and two Social Laboratories. So-called ‘micro-actions’ (including photography and art workshops, games and

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Roberto Falanga

agents and access to elite groups, acting as brokers connecting informal and institutional networks ( Maloney, Smith & Stoker 2000 ). As they are expected to ‘embody’ the social capital and sit at the table with other relevant agents of decision-making, participatory processes are frequently organised through local networks and partnerships. The aggregation of different agents and the constitution of partnerships have been argued to strengthen the social capital, as well as the citizenry’s trust of public institutions ( Aitken 2012 ). However, considering that power

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Aleksandra Sas-Bojarska

paths and bike tracks, ecological systems, and recreational areas. Indisputably, natural systems are good examples of structures of a linear character. The theoretical grounds, with some examples as case studies, have been described by M. Przewoźniak (2007) . He used the term „integrated revitalization” in relation to the comprehensive urban, architectonic, technical, social, cultural, aesthetic and environmental renewal of urban structures. He underlined the need to ensure that the city’s ecological network is developed in a satisfactory manner, enhancing the

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Linda Dörrzapf, Anna Kovács-Győri, Bernd Resch and Peter Zeile

transportation and walking as a social, recreational and healthy activity. However, walking is not only a means of transport and the quality of public space as well as related social activities have to be considered ( Gehl 2011 ). Additionally, methods are needed to capture walking more holistically ( Flükiger & Leuba 2015 ), rather than mere a quantitative analysis of official data sources. This is where the utilisation of subjective bio-sensor measurements together with qualitative surveys and Geographic Information System (GIS) based analysis can be advantageous when