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Caroline Dufour

administrative history remains uncharted, especially in North America, where Bourdieu’s works are little known and used in the study of public administration. This article explores how the theory of fields, by encouraging a critical analysis of what the state does and produces, starting from its practical effects and its dynamics, Sébastien Roux et al., »Penser ľÉtat«, in: Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales 201–202 (2014), p.4–10, at p. 5. can bring a new perspective to studying the history of public administration. To do so, it first describes the theory and

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The ›Head of Household‹

A Long Normative History of a Statistical Category in the U.K

Kerstin Brückweh

Ireland and Scotland. For the different histories of Scotland and Ireland or rather Northern Ireland see Kerstin Brückweh, Menschen zählen. Wissensproduktion durch britische Volkszählungen und Umfragen vom 19. Jahrhundert bis ins digitale Zeitalter, Berlin, Boston 2015, p. 27–29. I want to demonstrate that the definition of the ›Head of Household‹ was a normative category rather than a descriptive one, meaning that it was less able to facilitate analysis of social reality and that it fortified a normative view with the help of statistics. In contrast to the British

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André Ourednik, Guido Koller, Peter Fleer and Stefan Nellen

of biological evolution. By analysing a set of historical documents produced by the Swiss administration in the first half of the 20 th century, we ask whether emotions can be observed throughout the years at the regional scale of continents and countries. In this sense, we concur with the concept of ›group-level emotion« examined by Mercer, see Jonathan Mercer: »Feeling like a State: social emotion and identity«, in: International Theory 6/3 (2014), pp. 515–535, online at: (1. 8. 2018), though our analysis has a

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Building a Local Administration Abroad

The French Consulate in Salonica in the 19th Century

Mathieu Jestin

Piggott: Exterritoriality. The Law Relating to Consular Jurisdiction and to Residence in Oriental Countries, London 1892, p. 3–4. This contemporary analysis shows a clear comprehension of an aspect of the specificity of consulates’ spatial position that is of particular interest here: it locates them in relation to the territoriality of not one state, but two. In both respects, their status is an exception to the principle of territoriality. On the one hand, consulates and their jurisdictions are – at least partially – exempted from the legal and administrative

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Stefan Couperus, Harm Kaal, Nico Randeraad and Paul van Trigt

of Freedom: A Social History of the British State since 1800, Cambridge 2013. The beliefs and practices that Bevir and Rhodes wish to seek out can be informed by a multitude of factors, which in this article we cannot all hope to operationalize. One element, however, is particularly precious for our analysis. Bevir and Rhodes are struck by the ordinariness of administrative life, and foreground office routines, everyday performances, and the mundane nature of many decisions. Insofar as our sources allow, we pay special attention to routine, which we view not so

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Rupert Gaderer

authority were created . Friedrich Kittler: Discourse Networks, 1800/1900, translated by Michael Metteer with Chris Cullens, Stanford 1990, pp. 53–69. By means of the social control of the schools, the institutionalized administration of correspondence, and guidelines for reading instruction, the subjects were turned into citizens and later into civil servants. With the measures introduced by the Prussian school reform at the end of the 18th century, education took on a state mission. To detect such an interwoven disposition of institutions, media, and practices

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Alison Frank Johnson

critically necessary within the ritual of the duel – but also to the head of the Austro-Hungarian legation in Romania and his supervisors in Vienna. All this support was available for a man who had already been reprimanded for not being able to control his temper. Just as the honor of Austria–Hungary and its emissary were indistinguishable in the person of Szathmáry Király, the homosocial network of brokers and seconds who regulated and oversaw the socially acceptable channeling of masculine anger was indistinguishable from the imperial bureaucracy itself. For all

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Luigi Blanco

analysis of the most uncertain and confused territorial areas of the Italian administrative network, to which Minghetti did not fail to refer in his project. In order to propose some concluding thoughts, however, it will be appropriate to itemize the structural problems that were central to the debate on territorial division at the dawn of the Kingdom of Italy. Besides involving scholars from various disciplines, as well as politicians and administrators, the main arenas for this debate were not only the chambers of parliament and the councils of local bodies, but also

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Jean-Baptiste Fressoz

be perceived, augment the visibility of nature and define what becomes knowable. Michael Lynch, »Discipline and the Material Form of Images: An Analysis of Scientific Visibility«, in: Social Studies of Science 15 (1985), p. 37–66. In 1800, the simultaneous presence of the painter and the clinician around the same vaccine pustules contributed to a stabilisation of phenomena, a normalisation of observations and the establishment of the pustule as a docile object of knowledge. The vaccinators’ rich palette arose from their collaboration with painters. The nosology