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The three-way interplay of motor coordination, body fatness and physical activity in adolescents: a preliminary study

) Motor competence and its effect on positive developmental trajectories of health. Sports Med ., 45: 1273-1284. 18. Slaughter M., Lohman T., Boileau R. (1988) Skinfold equations for estimation of body fatness in children and youth. Hum. Biol ., 60: 709-723. 19. Stodden D.F., Goodway J.D., Langendorfer S.J., Roberton M., Rudisill M., Garcia C., Garcia L. (2008) A developmental perspective on the role of motor skill competence in physical activity: an emergent relationship. Quest ., 60: 290-306. 20. Vandendriessche J., Vandorpe B., Coelho-e-Silva M

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Environmental diversity in somatic development and physical fitness of six-year-old children


Introduction. In the auxologic literature numerous publications confirming the importance of environmental factors for the biological processes of growth and development of motor skills of children and adolescents can be found. The aim of the study was a comparative assessment of the level of somatic development and physical fitness of six-year-old children in urban and rural areas. Material and methods. The study was conducted in 2011-2013. A total of 1,057 children, including the 371 boys and girls from the Warsaw agglomeration and 147 boys and 168 girls from the rural environment in the Lublin region were subjects of the study. The average age was 5.87 (±0.30) years. In order to determine the status of somatic development the following features were measured: height and weight, 3 circumferences (shoulder, chest and waist), and 5 skinfolds (above the biceps and triceps, subscapular, on the stomach and on the calf). To assess the motor level the fitness test was used, consisting of the 5 following tests: seated forward bend, shuttle run 10x5 m, standing long jump, sitting-up for 30 s, and 1 kg medicine ball throw with both hands above the head forward. In the mathematical analysis of numerical data the selected techniques of descriptive statistics and Student's t-test and chisquare test were used. Results. Average values of height and weight, and body circumferences were higher in the rural areas (in these measurements of boys' body weight and broad parameters differed significantly). In environments differing in the degree of urbanization of place of residence a similar level of fatness was reported. In the most tests of physical fitness better results were achieved by rural children. This dominance was found especially in the 10x5 m shuttle run and the medicine ball throw. In these tests, there were significant differences in both sex groups. In addition, rural boys achieved significantly better results in the standing long jump and girls - in forward bend. Conclusions. The presence of signaled in the literature urbanization gradients in the rates of somatic development in favor of the urban population was not confirmed. In terms of selected anthropometric parameters (body circumferences) even a significant advantage of six-year-old children in rural areas against the peers in the city was noted. Dominance of the respondents from the rural environment has also been found in the image of their physical fitness. Higher levels of somatic-motor school readiness of six-year-old children from rural areas as compared with urban peers were shown.

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Morphological characteristics of female students of physical education compared to students of other subjects at the faculty of physical education and sport in Biała Podlaska

anthropologischenm methoden. Stuttgart: Gustav Eisher Verlag. 9.World Health Organization (September 2006). Obesity and overweight. Fact Sheet. No 311. Geneva: WHO Press Office. 10.Slaughter M.H., Lohman T.G., Boileau R.A., Horswill C.A., Stillman R.J., van Loan M.D., et al. (1988). Skinfold equa­tions for estimation of body fatness in children and youths. Human Biology 5, 709-723. 11.Bray G., Bouchard C. (Eds.) (2008). Handbook of obesity: clinical applications (3 rd edition). New York, USA: Informa Healthcare. Retrieved 20

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Morphological characteristics of judo cadets with respect to sex-related differences and athletic achievements

.J., Mujika I., Hahn A.G., Sharpe K., Jenkins D.G. (2005) Physique traits of lightweight rowers and their relationship to competitive success. Brit. J. Sports Med., 39(10): 736-741. DOI: 10.1136/bjsm.2004.015990. 33. Slaughter M.H., Lohman T.G., Boileau R.A., Horswill C.A., Stillman R.J., Van Loan M.D., Bemben D.A. (1988) Skin­fold equations for estimation of body fatness in children and youth. Hum. Biol., 60(5): 709-723. 34. Sterkowicz S., Lech G., Pałka T., Tyka A., Sterkowicz-Przybycień K.L., Szyguła Z., Klys A. (2011) Body build and body

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Anaerobic capacity of upper extremity muscles of male and female swimmers

-competition plasma cortisol concentrations in elite male swimmers. Eur.J. Appl.Physiol. 82:368-373. Darby L. A., B. C. Yaekle (2000) Physiological responses during two types of exercise performed on land and in the water. J. SportsMed.Phys.Fitn. 40:303-311. Durnin J. V. G. A., J. Womersley (1974) Body fat assessed from total body density and its estimation from skinfold thickness: measurements on 481 men and women aged from 16 to 72 years. Br.J. Nutr. 32:77-95. Gastin P. B. (1994) Quantification of

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Changes in serum lipid profile of elite volleyball players in the competition period

.Cifkova (2003) European guidelines on cadiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice. Eur.J.Cardiovasc.Prevent.Rehab. 10(suppl. 1). Durnin J.V., J.Womersley (1974) Body fat assessed from total body density and its estimation from skinfold thickness: measurements on 481 men and women ages from 16 to 72 years. Br. J. Nutr. 32:77-97. Durstine J.L., P.W.Grandjean, C.A.Cox, P.D.Thompson (2002) Lipids, lipoproteins, and exercise. J. Cardiopulmonary Rehab. 22:385-398. Friedewald W.T., R

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Concentrations of retinol, α-tocopherol, copper, zinc and iron in plasma of young subjects differing in their engagement in motor activities

skinfold thickness: measurements on 481 men and women aged from 16 to 72 years. Br. J. Nutr. 32:77-97. Gey K. F. (1995) Cardiovascular disease and vitamins. Concurrent correction of suboptimal plasma antioxidant levels may, as important part of "optimal" nutrition, help to prevent early stages of cardiovascular disease and cancer, respectively. Bibl. Nutr. Dieta 52:75-91. Guilland J. C., T. Penaranda, C. Gallet, V. Boggio, F. Fuchs, J. Klepping (1989) Vitamin status of young athletes including the effects of

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Comparison of a mobile application to estimate percentage body fat to other non-laboratory based measurements

.J., Kuperminc M., Hassani S., Buhr N., Tylkowski C. (2014) Accuracy of skinfold and bioelectrical impedance assessments of body fat percentage in ambulatory individuals with cerebral palsy. Dev. Med. Child Neurol., 56: 475-481. DOI: 10.1111/dmcn.12342. 21. Otter S.J., Agalliu B., Baer N., Hales G., Harvey K., James K., Keating R., McConnell W., Nelson R., Qureshi S. (2015) The reliability of a smartphone goniometer application compared with a traditional goniometer for measuring first metatarsophalangeal joint dorsiflexion. J. Foot Ankle Res., 8: 1. DOI: 10

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Effects of two kinds of aerobic training on body fat content and serum lipid profile in cadets

skinfolds. Phys.Educ.Sport 52:84-87. DOI: 10.2478/v10030-008-0018-2 Stisen A. B., O. Stougaard, J. Langfort, J. W. Helge, K. Sahlin, K. Madsen (2006) Maximal fat oxidation rates in endurance trained and untrained women. Eur.J. Appl.Physiol. 98:497-506. Thompson P. D., D. Buchner, I. L. Pina, G. L. Balady, M. A. Williams, B. H. Marcus, et al. (2003) Exercise and physical activity in the prevention and treatment of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Circulation 107:3109-3116.

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Calcium, magnesium and phosphorus dietary intake in active and sedentary Polish students

. 12. Dermience M., Lognay G., Mathieu F., Goyens P. (2015) Effects of thirty elements on bone metabolism. J. Trace. Elem. Med. Biol., 32: 86-106. 13. Durnin J.V., Womersley J. (1974) Body fat assessed from total body density and its estimation from skinfold thick¬ness: measurements on 481 men and women aged from 16 to 72 years. Br. J. Nutr., 32: 77-97. 14. Grygiel-Górniak B., Tomczak A., Krulikowska N., Przysławski J., Seraszek-Jaros A., Kaczmarek E. (2016) Physical activity, nutritional status, and dietary habits of students of a

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