Alejandro Vaquera, Santiago Santos, José Gerardo Villa, Juan Carlos Morante and Vicente García-Tormo
The study of elite basketball players’ anthropometric characteristics alongside those of body composition contributes significantly to their profiling as professional athletes and plays an important role in the selection process, as these characteristics can have a significant impact on performance. In the current study, 110 professional basketball players from a series of Spanish professional Leagues (ACB, LEB and EBA) and youth level National Teams (U20 and U18) had their anthropometric profiles measured and compared to determine differences between them. Furthermore, all 110 players were divided into three different categories according to their playing position: guards, forwards and centres. The results obtained show no significant differences between players in different competitions in weight, height and the sum of skinfolds. Nonetheless, there were several differences related to body fat content (13.03% in ACB players and 10.52% in the lower categories and National Teams). There were also several differences found between the different playing positions amongst all playing levels in body mass (79.56 ± 2.41, 91.04 ± 1.51 and 104.56 ± 1.73 kg), height (182.28 ± 0.96, 195.65 ± 1.00 and 204.08 ± 0.67 cm), skinfold distribution and perimeters. However, there were no significant differences in body fat content between the different playing positions. The conclusions obtained from this study provide a better understanding to basketball specialists regarding the selection process of players at the elite level, especially on the transition from youth elite programs to men’s elite leagues.
Aitor Iturricastillo, Cristina Granados and Javier Yanci
The present study analyzed the changes in body composition and physical performance in wheelchair basketball (WB) players during one competitive season. Players from a WB team competing in the first division of the Spanish League (n = 8, age: 26.5 ± 2.9 years, body mass: 79.8 ± 12.6 kg, sitting height: 91.4 ± 4.4 cm) participated in this research. The upper limbs showed a decrease in subcutaneous adipose tissue and there was an improvement in physical abilities such as sprinting with the ball (5 and 20 m), handgrip and aerobic capacity. However, the changes in physical fitness concerning sprinting without the ball and agility tests were low. It would be interesting to study the effects of implementing specific programs to improve physical performance in WB and to establish more test sessions to monitor the effects of the programs followed.
Daniel das Virgens Chagas and Luiz Alberto Batista
) Motor competence and its effect on positive developmental trajectories of health. Sports Med ., 45: 1273-1284.
18. Slaughter M., Lohman T., Boileau R. (1988) Skinfold equations for estimation of body fatness in children and youth. Hum. Biol ., 60: 709-723.
19. Stodden D.F., Goodway J.D., Langendorfer S.J., Roberton M., Rudisill M., Garcia C., Garcia L. (2008) A developmental perspective on the role of motor skill competence in physical activity: an emergent relationship. Quest ., 60: 290-306.
20. Vandendriessche J., Vandorpe B., Coelho-e-Silva M
Juan Cortell-Tormo, José Pérez-Turpin, Roberto Cejuela-Anta, Juan Chinchilla-Mira and Michael Marfell-Jones
Carter J. E. L. & Yuhasz M. S. Skinfolds and body composition of Olympic athletes. In Carter (Ed). Physical Structure of Olympic Athletes. Part II: Kinanthropometry of Olympic Athletes. Karger, San Diego, Calif., 1984.
Carter J. E. L. The Heath-Carter anthropometric somatotype. Instruction manual. San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, 2002.
Dyson R. J., Buchanan M., Farrington T. A., & Hurrion P. D. Electromyographic activity during windsurfing on water. J Sport Sci , 1996
Sandro Bartolomei, Valentina Totti, Federico Nigro, Simone Ciacci, Gabriele Semprini, Rocco Di Michele, Matteo Cortesi and Jay R. Hoffman
coefficient (ICC) for the MT measures was 0.95 (SEM = 1.05 mm).
Design and Procedures
Figure 1 depicts the experimental design of this investigation (counterbalanced crossover design). Participants were requested to report to the laboratory on seven separate occasions. During the first visit, participants were assessed for one-repetition maximal strength (1-RM) on the bench press exercise and for anthropometric measures. Body measurements included body mass, height, and body composition. The body fat percentage was estimated from skinfold caliper measures using the
Adam Lee Owen, Carlos Lago-Peñas, Gordon Dunlop, Rouissi Mehdi, Moktar Chtara and Alexandre Dellal
assessed throughout this investigation (age = 24 ± 3.7 years, mean height = 180.45 ± 5.12 cm, mean body mass = 76.66 ± 5.34 kg). The players’ mass (kg), lean body mass (LBM), fat free mass (FFM), fat mass (FM), muscle girths (MG) and sum of 4, 7 and 8 skinfolds (mm) for the determination of fat displacement were measured across 5 time points of the competitive season (T0 = Start of pre-season training; T1 = End of pre-season training; T2 = Mid-season; T3 = End of mid-season break; T4 = End of season). Players were divided into their tactical units for analysis (Defenders
-1718 3997733 10.1152/jappl.19126.96.36.1993 Howell JN Chila AG Ford G David D Gates T An electromyographic study of elbow motion during postexercise muscle soreness J Appl Physiol (1985) 1985 58 5 1713 1718
Jaskolska A, Brzenczek W, Kisiel-Sajewicz K, Kawczynski A, Marusiak J, Jaskolski A. The effect of skinfold on frequency of human muscle mechanomyogram. J Electromyogr Kinesiol 2004; 14(2): 217-225 10.1016/j.jelekin.2003.08.001 14962774 Jaskolska A Brzenczek W Kisiel-Sajewicz K Kawczynski A Marusiak J Jaskolski A
Athanasios Tsoukos, Lee E. Brown, Panagiotis Veligekas, Gerasimos Terzis and Gregory C. Bogdanis
measured to the nearest 0.1 cm using a stadiometer (Charder HM-200P Portstad). Body mass was measured to the nearest 0.1 kg by a scale (TBF-300A Body Composition Analyzer-Tanita) and body fat content was estimated from 7 skinfold thicknesses ( Jackson and Pollock, 1985 ) using a Harpenden skinfold calliper (British Indicators Ltd., Herts, England).
Maximum dynamic strength (1 RM)
Maximum dynamic strength (1 repetition maximum: 1 RM) in the bench press exercise was assessed ( Brown and Weir, 2001 ) on the second preliminary visit on a Smith machine according to the
Piotr Kaczka, Małgorzata Magdalena Michalczyk, Rafał Jastrząb, Mateusz Gawelczyk and Katarzyna Kubicka
1-RM strength occurred only in the HMB-group in upper-body exercises. No differences in lower body strength between the placebo and the HMB group were observed. Those authors also registered favorable changes in fat free mass (FFM) (+1.4 kg placebo vs. +2 kg HMB group) and body fat (BF) (-0.9% placebo vs. -1.5% HMB group). Thomson et al. (2009) in their 9-week study observed increases in leg extension strength and decreases in biceps curl and bench press results. They also observed decreases in overall skinfold thickness and a positive trend in BF content
Daniel López-Plaza, Fernando Alacid, José María Muyor and Pedro Ángel López-Miñarro
boat from a kneeling position (up on one knee). Although there have been relatively few studies comparing the anthropometric attributes of both disciplines, the majority have agreed on the greater size and body mass of the kayakers ( Arlettaz et al., 2004 ; Hirata, 1977 ). Conversely, a trend towards a larger thigh girth has been exhibited in canoeists, which might be related to the greater sum of 8 skinfolds observed in these athletes ( Alacid et al., 2015 ; Ridge et al., 2007 ).
Traditionally, research into kayaking is primarily focused on physiological testing