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Anna Nikolova and Diana Dimitrova

.J., Mujika I., Hahn A.G., Sharpe K., Jenkins D.G. (2005) Physique traits of lightweight rowers and their relationship to competitive success. Brit. J. Sports Med., 39(10): 736-741. DOI: 10.1136/bjsm.2004.015990. 33. Slaughter M.H., Lohman T.G., Boileau R.A., Horswill C.A., Stillman R.J., Van Loan M.D., Bemben D.A. (1988) Skin­fold equations for estimation of body fatness in children and youth. Hum. Biol., 60(5): 709-723. 34. Sterkowicz S., Lech G., Pałka T., Tyka A., Sterkowicz-Przybycień K.L., Szyguła Z., Klys A. (2011) Body build and body

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Oľga Kyselovičová, Jana Labudová, Erika Zemková, Dušana Čierna and Michal Jeleň

highly skilled female athletes specializing in artistic gymnastics. Journal of Physical Education and Sport ® (JPES), 16(1), Art 30, pp. 192-199, 2016 online ISSN: 2247 - 806X; p-ISSN: 2247 - 8051; ISSN - L = 2247- 8051. 46. SLAUGHTER, M. H., T. G. LOHMAN, R. A. BOILEAU et al., 1988. Skinfold equations for estimation of body fatness in children and youth. Hum Biol. 60:709-723. 47. SMITH, D., 1988. Heart rate and blood lactate concentration response to an in water routine by synchronized swimmers. Can J Appl Physiol. 13

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Anna Ogonowska, Elżbieta Hübner-Woźniak, Andrzej Kosmol and Wilhelm Gromisz

-competition plasma cortisol concentrations in elite male swimmers. Eur.J. Appl.Physiol. 82:368-373. Darby L. A., B. C. Yaekle (2000) Physiological responses during two types of exercise performed on land and in the water. J. SportsMed.Phys.Fitn. 40:303-311. Durnin J. V. G. A., J. Womersley (1974) Body fat assessed from total body density and its estimation from skinfold thickness: measurements on 481 men and women aged from 16 to 72 years. Br.J. Nutr. 32:77-95. Gastin P. B. (1994) Quantification of

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Matthew P. Shaw, Joshua Robinson and Daniel J. Peart

.J., Kuperminc M., Hassani S., Buhr N., Tylkowski C. (2014) Accuracy of skinfold and bioelectrical impedance assessments of body fat percentage in ambulatory individuals with cerebral palsy. Dev. Med. Child Neurol., 56: 475-481. DOI: 10.1111/dmcn.12342. 21. Otter S.J., Agalliu B., Baer N., Hales G., Harvey K., James K., Keating R., McConnell W., Nelson R., Qureshi S. (2015) The reliability of a smartphone goniometer application compared with a traditional goniometer for measuring first metatarsophalangeal joint dorsiflexion. J. Foot Ankle Res., 8: 1. DOI: 10

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Marzena Malara, Elżbieta Hübner-Woźniak and Anna Kurczyńska

skinfold thickness: measurements on 481 men and women aged from 16 to 72 years. Br. J. Nutr. 32:77-97. Gey K. F. (1995) Cardiovascular disease and vitamins. Concurrent correction of suboptimal plasma antioxidant levels may, as important part of "optimal" nutrition, help to prevent early stages of cardiovascular disease and cancer, respectively. Bibl. Nutr. Dieta 52:75-91. Guilland J. C., T. Penaranda, C. Gallet, V. Boggio, F. Fuchs, J. Klepping (1989) Vitamin status of young athletes including the effects of

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Konrad Witek

.Cifkova (2003) European guidelines on cadiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice. Eur.J.Cardiovasc.Prevent.Rehab. 10(suppl. 1). Durnin J.V., J.Womersley (1974) Body fat assessed from total body density and its estimation from skinfold thickness: measurements on 481 men and women ages from 16 to 72 years. Br. J. Nutr. 32:77-97. Durstine J.L., P.W.Grandjean, C.A.Cox, P.D.Thompson (2002) Lipids, lipoproteins, and exercise. J. Cardiopulmonary Rehab. 22:385-398. Friedewald W.T., R

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Mauro de Souza e Silva, Adalberto de Souza Rabelo, Rodrigo Vale, Max Ferrão, Leila Gonçalves, Marcos de Sá Rego Fortes, Sérgio Moreira and Estélio Dantas

skinfolds. Phys.Educ.Sport 52:84-87. DOI: 10.2478/v10030-008-0018-2 Stisen A. B., O. Stougaard, J. Langfort, J. W. Helge, K. Sahlin, K. Madsen (2006) Maximal fat oxidation rates in endurance trained and untrained women. Eur.J. Appl.Physiol. 98:497-506. Thompson P. D., D. Buchner, I. L. Pina, G. L. Balady, M. A. Williams, B. H. Marcus, et al. (2003) Exercise and physical activity in the prevention and treatment of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Circulation 107:3109-3116.

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Daniel das Virgens Chagas and Luiz Alberto Batista

) Motor competence and its effect on positive developmental trajectories of health. Sports Med ., 45: 1273-1284. 18. Slaughter M., Lohman T., Boileau R. (1988) Skinfold equations for estimation of body fatness in children and youth. Hum. Biol ., 60: 709-723. 19. Stodden D.F., Goodway J.D., Langendorfer S.J., Roberton M., Rudisill M., Garcia C., Garcia L. (2008) A developmental perspective on the role of motor skill competence in physical activity: an emergent relationship. Quest ., 60: 290-306. 20. Vandendriessche J., Vandorpe B., Coelho-e-Silva M

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Marzena Malara, Joanna Tkaczyk, Anna Kęska, Grażyna Lutosławska and Krzysztof Mazurek

. 12. Dermience M., Lognay G., Mathieu F., Goyens P. (2015) Effects of thirty elements on bone metabolism. J. Trace. Elem. Med. Biol., 32: 86-106. 13. Durnin J.V., Womersley J. (1974) Body fat assessed from total body density and its estimation from skinfold thick¬ness: measurements on 481 men and women aged from 16 to 72 years. Br. J. Nutr., 32: 77-97. 14. Grygiel-Górniak B., Tomczak A., Krulikowska N., Przysławski J., Seraszek-Jaros A., Kaczmarek E. (2016) Physical activity, nutritional status, and dietary habits of students of a

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Valéria do Valle, Danielli de Mello, Marcos de Sá Fortes and Estélio Dantas

Effects of indoor cycling associated with diet on body composition and serum lipids

Study aim: To determine the effects of indoor cycling training combined with restricted diet, lasting 12 weeks, on serum lipid concentrations in obese women.

Material and methods: Twenty women aged 23.8 ± 3.6 years were randomly assigned into two groups: control (C) and experimental (E), the latter subjected to indoor cycling at various loads, 3 sessions weekly, every session lasting 45 min, combined with restricted diet (about 1200 kcal daily) for 12 weeks. The following variables were recorded: body height and mass, BMI, relative body fat content (from 7 skinfolds), fat-free mass, triglycerides, cholesterol and lipoproteins (HDL, LDL, VLDL).

Results: Significant increase in HDL and significant decreases in all other variables (except body height) were noted only in the experimental group.

Conclusions: Indoor cycling associated with restricted diet is an excellent option in controlling obesity and serum lipids.