many unexpected seismicevents as in the areas of multi-seam exploitation, where seismic phenomena seem likely to occur even in the situation of the lack of strata capable of accumulating elastic energy and its dynamic release ( Majcherczyk and Niedbalski, 2017 ).
While geodetic surveys play an important role in many scientific programs, observatories, networks or test fields involved in an integrated system of interdisciplinary observations, providing fundamentally important datasets in earthquake studies, as far their insufficient role in country studies on
notable for particularly high seismicity, repeated earthquakes and unstable geologic settings. The particular seismic features of the area are submarine earthquakes generated within the island-arc slope of the Kuril-–Kamchatka Trench ( Figure 3 ) seismic belt that can reach M = 9.0 and trigger tsunami waves. Comparing to other natural hazards, such as earthquakes, floods, and typhoons, tsunami is ranked fourth in terms of damage to human life and infrastructure losses.
Among the most recent such events, there is 2006–2007 Great Kuril Earthquake Sequence that
Ireneusz Wyczałek, Artur Plichta and Michał Wyczałek
, A., Share, P., Durrheim, R., Naoi, M., Nakatani, M., Yabe, Y. & Ogasawara, H., (2013). Joint interpretation of high-precision tilt data and mining induced seismicevents recorded underground in deep level gold mine in South Africa. EGU General Assembly 2013 , held 7-12 April, 2013 in Vienna, Austria, p. 663.
Rohrmann, R. G., Thöns, S. & Rücker, W., (2010). Integrated monitoring of offshore wind turbines - requirements, concepts and experiences. Structure and Infrastructure Engineering , 6(5), pp. 575-591.
Sherman, C. S., Magliocco
., Kwiatek, G. (2009). A study of the interaction among mining-induced seismicevents in the Legnica-Głogów Copper District, Poland. Acta Geophysica, Vol. 57, No. 2, pp. 413-434. https://www.irsm.cas.cz/materialy/acta_content/2007_04/2_Wojewoda.pdf DOI: 10.2478/s11600-008-0085-z.
Pilecka E. (2007). Statistical analysis of the relation between locations of high energy epicenter tremors and lineaments in areas of the Upper Silesian Basin. Gospodarka Surowcami Mineralnymi, Vol. 23, No. 4. PAN IGSMiE, Kraków, pp. 101-109. [In Polish].
Pilecka E. (2008). An