that the Paris law exponent is significantly higher, specifically 10 for concrete ( Bažant and Xu, 1991 ).
8.9 Dynamic Loads, Seismicity, and Impact
Earth quakes are critical for design in many parts of the world. In order to ensure the required life-time, a structure must be able to withstand a seismicevent even towards the end of its service life after being subjected to years of environmental influences, sustained loads and cyclic loading. For dynamic and seismic analyses, inertia, the rate-dependence of strength, and dynamic material properties are of
Dariusz Skibicki Ł, Łukasz Pejkowski and Michał Stopel
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9. Augustyniak, M., Porembski, G.: FEM strength analysis of sandwich panels for ship structure applications. Polish Maritime Research, S 1, 24-26 (2006).
10. Bogdaniuk, M., Górecki, Z., Brzóska, M.: FEM analysis of ultimate strength of steel panels. Polish Maritime Research, S 1, 21-23 (2006).
11. Design of Nuclear Power Plants against SeismicEvents; Part 4: Components. Nucl. Saf. Stand. Comm. (1996).