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Achim Beylich, Scott Lamoureux and Armelle Decaulne

transport during thermally and pluvially induced peak runoff events in a glacier-fed mountain catchment in western Norway. Geografiska Annaler A 92(2): 237-246. Bickerton R. W. & Matthews J. A., 1993. ‘Little Ice Age’ variations of outlet glaciers from the Jostedalsbreen ice-cap, southern Norway: a regional lichenometric-dating study of ice-marginal moraine sequences and their climatic significance. Journal of Quaternary Science 8(1): 45-66. Birkenmajer K. 1991. Tertiary glaciation in the South Shetland Islands, West

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Marta Lackowska, Barbara Nowicka, Marta Bałandin and Mirosław Grochowski

-level coordination of climate change adaptation: by national hierarchical steering or by regional network governance?’ Local Environment: The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability , vol. 18, no. 8, pp. 869–887. DOI: 10.1080/13549839.2012.738657. Hoppe, T, van den Berg, M & Coenen, F 2014, ’Reflections on the uptake of climate change policies by local governments: facing the challenges of mitigation and adaptation, Energy’, Sustainability and Society , vol. 4, no. 8, pp. 1–16. IPCC 2012, ‘Managing the risks of extreme events and disasters to advance

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Silvia Siniscalchi

Sea, near Velia, and the towns of Ascea and Casal Velino. and the karst caves of Palinuro (more connoted by the myth than by real natural peculiarities) are disappointing for Ramage, contrary to the river Bussento (with its long underground path, caves and swallow hole), Ramage hypothesises a seismic cause for the underground path of the river, but in reality the underground hole is a particular type of karst gorge, defined as “epigenetic” and formed by rain infiltration into already fractured rocks. The cracks gradually become larger, until they reach the size of

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Claudiu-Sorin Dragomir, Vasile Meita, Daniela Dobre, Emil-Sever Georgescu and Ioan-Sorin Borcia

and moisture content on shear resistance of collapsible soils located in the city of Galati , Romania, ROMANIA, SGEM, Conference Procedings vol. II, pp. 395-410, ISI Web of Science database up to 2011 is 3, 2012 and 2013 - in process of indexing, Albena, Bulgaria. Călăraşu E., Dobrescu C.F., Siminea I. (2009). Decisive factors in evaluation of support elements in hazard, seismic risk and vulnerability analysis , Simpozion Ştiinţific cu participare internaţională “Protecţia mediului şi siguranţă alimentară”, Târgovişte, “Annals. Food Science and Technology

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Tatiana G. Tashlykova, Tamara G. Ryashchenko, Anna A. Dolgaya and Elena A. Lukyanova

References Caloi P. 1970. How nature reacts on human intervention - responsibilities of those who cause and who interpret such reaction. Ann. Geofis. (Rome), 23: 283-305. Carder D.S. 1945. Seismic investigations in the Boulder Dam area, 1940-1944, and the influence of reservoir loading on earthquake activity. Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 35: 175-192. Gahalaut K., Gahalaut V.K., Pandey M.R. 2007. A new case of reservoir triggered seismicity: Govind Ballav Pant reservoir (Rihand dam), central India. Tectonophysics

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Tatiana A. Tashlykova


The Ust-Ilimsk water reservoir is located in the taiga zone in the Central-Siberian Upland. It was created between 1975-1977 as a result of storage of flood waters and water from the higher located Bratsk Reservoir. With an area of 1873 km2 and a water capacity amounting to 59.4 km3 it belongs to the group of largest water reservoirs in the world. It is the third level of the Angara cascade, projected as a multifunctional object - for the efficient functioning of the Ust-Ilimsk Hydroelectric Power Station, to streamline navigation on the lower Angara, to fulfil municipal and industrial water needs and also for floating timber. On the basis of the author’s own investigations and source materials obtained from the Irkutskgidromet and the Institute of the Earth’s Crust in Irkutsk, the fluctuations of the water level and the volumes of water outflow in the period 1975-2007 and the volume of processed material at the selected water shores in the period 1977-1990 were analysed. In addition, the data of seismic events in the region of the Ust-Ilimsk water reservoir were compiled. During this period the functioning changes of the reservoir in terms of the capacity of the water mass occurred under the influence of both natural and anthropogenic factors. It was determined that the creation of this natural-technical water object activated two geological processes in its shore zone - abrasion and induced seismicity. It was stated that the especially large transformations of the reservoir shore zone by these dangerous processes occurred in the first years of its intensive exploitation, in the period of small water resources in the drainage basin of Yenisei - Angara, which forced specific conditions of reservoir functioning. At rocky shores the predominating process is abrasion of their waterside parts, whereas at shores built of loose deposits the complete transformation of underwater parts of shallows takes place.

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Alina Chicoș, Alina Huzui-Stoiculescu and Georgiana Toth

Paper No. 4, Stockholm Environment Institute, Oxford Freedy J., Hobfoll S., Ribbe D. (1994), Life events, war and adjustment: Lessons for the middle east , Anxiety, Stress and Coping Review 7: 191-203 Georgescu E. S. et al. (2012), Istoria şi specificul riscului seismic în Bucureşti , Lucrările celei de-a VII-a ediţii a Conferinţei anuale a ASTR, București Giddens A. (1999), Risk and responsibility , Modern law review 62(1):1–10 Guvernul României , Hotărâre nr. 548/2008 privind aprobarea Strategiei naționale de comunicare si informare

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Gheorghe Romanescu, Alin Mihu-Pintilie and Donatella Carboni

from the seismic data. Marine Geology, 157, p. 249–265. Dolukhanov P.M., Arslanov K.A., (2009), Ecological crises and early human migrations in the Black Sea. Quaternary International, 197, p. 35–42. Dolukhanov P.M., Kadurin S.V., Larchenkov P., (2009), Dynamics of the coastal North Black sea area in Late Pleistocene and Holocene and Early Human Dispersal. Quaternary International, 197, p. 27–34. Faraci G., (2016) Ensuring the Conservative Process: The Roman Walls of Lugo Maintenance Plan. Conservation and Management of Archaeological

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Ali Soltani, Rasoul Balaghi Inaloo, Mohammad Rezaei, Fatemeh Shaer and M. Akbari Riyabi

vulnerable places to probable disasters, particularly earthquakes. Every year, the occurrence of these events causes great losses of life and property in rural and urban areas (Taghvaei and Azizi, 2008: 19). Therefore, urban planners have sought to develop and explore solutions that secure the health and welfare of citizens. According to Article 29 of the IRI Constitution, improving health status and providing health services with timely and easy access to them, is a universal right of all and is one of the aspects constituting social and economic development (Monfaredian