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Lucia Lachká, Edgar Hiller and Ondrej Ďurža

indicator of Cu and Zn contamination in soils. Pedosphere 18: 479-485. L u S. G., W ang H. Y. & B ai S. Q. 2009. Heavy metal content and magnetic susceptibility of soils along an urban-rural gradient in rapidly growing city of eastern China. Environ. Monitor. Assess. 155: 91-101. L u S. G., W ang H. Y. & G uo J. L. 2011. Magnetic enhancement of urban roadside soils as a proxy of degree of pollution by traffic-related activities. Environ. Earth Sci. 64: 359-371. M agiera T. & S trzyszcz Z. 2000. Ferrimagnetic minerals of anthropogenic origin in

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Indrė Gražulevičiūtė-Vileniškė and Erika Zaleskienė

Resources : Experience in Lithuania. Architecture and Urban Planning , 2013, No. 8, p. 34–39. https://doi.org/10.7250/aup.2013.017 4. Lietuvos Respublikos teritorijų planavimo įstatymas (Law on Territorial Planning of the Republic of Lithuania) [online, cited 22.04.2016]. http://www3.lrs.lt/pls/inter3/dokpaieska.showdoc_l?p_id=478619 5. Aleknavičius, P. Valčiukienė, J. Kaimiškojo kraštovaizdžio raidos ypatumai Vilniaus miesto įtakos zonoje (Features of Rural Landscape Development in Vilnius City Influence Zone). Vandens ūkio inžinerija , 2011, No. 38 (58

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Amjad H. K. Albayati and Ahmed M. M. Alani

ABSTRACT

Iraq has been experiencing tremendous development in the national infrastructure road network over the last decade. Iraqi economic growth in rural areas has been triggered by good and safe roads and a good highways network system. Studies have shown that climate, traffic conditions, characteristics of the asphalt binder and the aggregate are the main factors that can contribute to premature pavement failures. The ability of hydrated lime to improve the fatigue and rutting resistance of Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) as well as moisture sensitivity, has led to observed improvement in the field of lime modified HMA pavements, and significant decreases in maintenance and repair costs of the highway network. In this study, the mechanistic properties of asphalt concrete mixes modified with hydrated lime as a partial replacement for limestone dust mineral filler were evaluated. Four replacement rates were used; 1, 1.5, 2, and 3 percent by weight of aggregate beside two kinds of addition methods, namely dry and wet. Asphalt concrete mixes were prepared at their optimum asphalt content and then tested to evaluate their engineering properties which include moisture damage, resilient modulus, and permanent deformation and fatigue characteristics. These properties have been evaluated using indirect tensile strength, uniaxial repeated loading and repeated flexural beam tests. The experimental results, in general, showed that the mixes modified with hydrated lime were found to have improved fatigue and permanent deformation characteristics, also showing lower moisture susceptibility and higher resilient modulus. The use of 1.5 percent of hydrated lime in the wet addition method as a replacement for limestone dust mineral filler has shown a significant improvement in asphalt concrete behavior and has added to the local knowledge the possibility of producing more durable mixtures with higher resistance to distress.

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Márton Karoliny and László Gáspár

-UT 09.02.26] (2008) „Burkolatfelület állapotának minősítése Roadmaster rendszerrel” („Condition evaluation of pavement surface using Roadmaster system”). Van Cauwelaert, F. (2003) „Pavement design and evaluation. The required mathematics and its applications” Federation of the Belgian Cement Industry. Van Gurp, Ch. (1995) „Characterization of seasonal influences on asphalt pavements with the use of falling weight deflectometers” PhD Thesis, Delft. Van Gurp, Ch., Wennink, P.M. (1997) „Design, structural evaluation an overlay design of rural roads” (in

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Stefan Neumeier

analysed street petrol station accessibility ( Neumeier 2012 ), the accessibility of supermarkets and discounters ( Neumeier 2014a ) and the accessibility of public pharmacies ( Neumeier 2013 ). Interestingly, the results are comparable for all the basic services analysed thus far. One can register a rural-urban divide as well as regional variations, but from a nationwide point of view the provision of these basic services is still guaranteed throughout the country. By addressing the basic availability of an ambulant nursing service near the place of residence, this

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Ingo Mose, Marta Jacuniak-Suda and Georg Fiedler

raumbezogene Spezifizierungen des Governance-Begriffes wie Metropolitan, Rural oder Urban Governance“ ( Pütz 2004 : 33; Hervorhebung im Original). Konzeptionell gilt für Regional Governance ähnlich wie auch für Governance: Das inhaltliche Spektrum oszilliert zwischen deskriptivem, normativem, analytischem und praktisch-politischem Ansatz – meist wird bisher noch davon abgesehen, von einer konsistenten „Governance-Theorie“ zu sprechen ( Fürst 2007 : 358). Daneben werden ein weites Verständnis von Governance, meist in Zusammenhang mit dem analytischen Begriff, und ein

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Lukas Giessen

Landschaftsnutzung – Formen interner und externer Forschungskooperation. Weikersheim, 65–75. Böcher M. 2002 Nachhaltige Regionalentwicklung durch Kooperation? Erfolgskriterien für regionale Partnerschaften aus politikwissenschaftlicher Sicht Müller K. Dosch A. Mohrbach E. Wissenschaft und Praxis der Landschaftsnutzung – formen interner und externer Forschungskooperation Weikersheim 65 75 Böcher, M. (2008a): Regional Governance and Rural Development in Germany. The Implementation of LEADER+. In: Sociologia Ruralis 48, 4, 372–388. 10.1111/j.1467-9523.2008.00468.x Böcher M. 2008a

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Tatjana Fischer

Wiest, Karin (Hrsg.) (2016): Women and Migration in Rural Europe. Labour Markets, Representations and Policies Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. XVI, 257 Seiten. = New Geographies of Europe Das zentrale Anliegen dieses Buches ist es, anhand ausgewählter europäischer Fallbeispiele die komplexen Hintergründe für die wachsende Unausgeglichenheit des Geschlechterverhältnisses in ländlichen Räumen, die Maskulinisierung der ländlichen Arbeitsmärkte sowie die anhaltende Verschiebung der Macht- und politischen Entscheidungsverhältnisse zugunsten der Männer

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Stefan Mann and Elvira Zingg

für Raumentwicklung (2006): Sachplan Fruchtfolgeflächen FFF – Vollzugshilfe 2006. ARE, Bern. Bundesamt für Raumentwicklung 2006 Sachplan Fruchtfolgeflächen FFF – Vollzugshilfe 2006 ARE Bern Burchell, R.W. et al. (2002): Costs of Sprawl 2000. In: TCRP report 74, National Academy Press, Washington D.C. Burchell R.W. 2002 Costs of Sprawl 2000 TCRP report 74 National Academy Press Washington D.C Carrion-Flores, C., E.G. Irwin (2004): Determinants of Residential Land-Use Conversion and Sprawl at the Rural-Urban Fringe. = American Journal of Agricultural Economics 86

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Annett Steinführer

im Gewährleistungsstaat Informationen zur Raumentwicklung 1/2 17 – 40 Farmer, J.; Hill, C.; Muñoz, S.-A. (Hrsg.) (2012): Community Co-Production. Social Enterprise in Remote and Rural Communities. Cheltenham. Farmer J Hill C. Muñoz S.-A. (Hrsg.) 2012 Community Co-Production. Social Enterprise in Remote and Rural Communities Cheltenham Fischer, H. (1954): Das hessische Dorfgemeinschaftshaus. Ein Weg zur Schaffung sozialer Einrichtungen in Landgemeinden. Frankfurt am Main. Fischer H. 1954 Das hessische Dorfgemeinschaftshaus. Ein