, transparency, process reflexivity and representation and/or dissemination of outcomes. Its characterization of research impact distinguishes between artistic impact, knowledge impact and societal impact. Research context , finally, mediates the wish of the IW members to allow quality assessment to be attentive for the consistency of the research outcomes with the individual research policies of the Flemish IHAEs—pointing to the ambition of the institutions themselves to articulate a research identity of their own—and for the possible ways in which the research outcome
between aspects of reality and aspects of the model.
For quantitative models the analogy with the real world takes place in two steps:
Quantification of objects, facts, and phenomena in an appropriate way; and
Identification of the relationships existing between the previously identified objects, closest to the reality (that is the object of the model).
The practical use of a model depends on the different roles that the model can have and from the different steps of the decisional process in which the model can be used. A model can be considered a tool for