Book collections from the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century preserved in the NM are among the richest and most interesting book collections of the Czech Republic. Research into personal book collections of the NM within the NAKI project (2012–2015), including besides the historical book collection also books from the 19th and 20th centuries, has provided valuable information on the history of the entire book culture. The PROVENIO database is an important source of information and knowledge in terms of book owners and ownership provenance, library history, bibliophilia and the reception by readers, as well as the history of book binding, book publishing houses and book trade of the given period.
KAŠPAROVÁ – ŠÍPEK 2013 : KAŠPAROVÁ, Jaroslava – ŠÍPEK, Richard. Projekt PROVENIO, databáze PROVENIO a zpracování proveniencí v Knihovně Národního muzea = The PROVENIO Project, the PROVENIO Database and the Provenance Treatment in the National Museum Library. Sborník Národního muzea, řada C – Literární historie (Zpracování „vlastnických stop” v knihách – PROVENIO – Metodika výzkumu knižních proveniencí) 58, 2013, č. 3–4, s. 3–14.
KELLER – CATALANO 2010 : KELLER, Katrin – CATALANO, Alessandro. Die Diarien und Tagzettel des Kardinals Ernst Adalbert von Harrach
In 1623, the property of Ladislaus Seydlitz von Schönfeld was confiscated and immediately purchased by Polyxena of Lobkowicz. It also included the Encovany estate with Seydlitz’s library, the core of which was the book collection of the previous two lords at Encovany, the Vice--Chancellor of the Kingdom of Bohemia Oswald Schönfeld von Schönfeld (1524–1589) and his son Rudolf (1565–1602). Provenance research into the Library of the Monastery of the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin in Roudnice nad Labem and the Roudnice Lobkowicz Library has identified fragments of the earliest Encovany library. The article provides the basic information not only on fragments of this Renaissance castle library but also on the fates of its first owners.
The National Museum Library contains the personal library of an outstanding Czech critic and modern art theorist, Karel Teige. From the 1920s, he was in touch with the founders and important representatives of modern art movements, mostly from France, whose relations and cooperation are i.a. demonstrated by the books donated to him. The article presents several dedications by André Breton, Tristan Tzara, Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Le Corbusier and Salvador Dalí.
The article points out the uniqueness of the personal book collection of the Czech poet, translator and theatre critic Hanuš Jelínek, one of the most prominent figures in Czech–French cultural relations. Based on the owner’s last will, it has been deposited in the National Library in Prague since 1951, when the book estate was handed over to the National Museum after the death of his wife, Božena Jelínková-Jirásková, an academic painter, and it also contains books that belonged to her. The book collection, which still awaits further research and is hardly known to the wider professional public, is a very valuable source on the life and work of Mr and Mrs Jelínek as well as an important source of information on the history of Czech-French cultural transfers and the cultural history of Europe in the first half of the 20th century.
The Comenius Museum in Přerov has an interesting collection of chapbooks of Moravian and Slovak provenance. In the early 1990s, it was processed in the form of a museum catalogue including photo documentation. There is no extant record of when the museum acquired this collection. The collection comprises more than two thousand items, the earliest of which come from the 18th century, the latest from the beginning of the 20th century. Most of them were published by the Škarnicl family. They include both secular broadside ballads and pilgrim songs, with religious themes being predominant. Some of them are kept loose while others have been bound into chapbooks with canvas, cloth or leather binding.
The Brisigells were one of the families that settled in Bohemia in connection with land acquisitions during the Thirty Years’ War. The family achieved its greatest wealth in the second generation at the turn of the 18th century. The third generation suffered a gradual decline, caused i.a. by financial difficulties and debt. After the middle of the 18th century, the family disappeared from Bohemia. The electronic cataloguing of early printed books with systematically recorded provenances has made it possible to identify in the collections of the Strahov Library and the National Library a small set of books previously owned by individual family members. Not only has the analysis enabled insight into the reading interests of the Brisigell family, but it has also provided information on the wandering of the books within the family as well as within friendly and business relations with other noblemen in the regions of West and Southwest Bohemia.
The article studies the set of 27 original letters deposited in the Documentation Collection – Cultural-Historical Archives of the State District Archives of Jindřichův Hradec. This collection contains documents of non-official provenance concerning, among other topics, also remarkable figures of the town. A leading position among them is assumed by the Landfras family, whose members were not only owners of a prosperous printing works, but also patriots, leaders of the town, and supporters of education, societies and culture. The letters provide an insight into the private lives of the members of the Landfras family, in particular its most significant member, Alois Landfras, and people connected with the family. The article deals with an overall comparison of the letters. It studies references to them and to events in their family, and connections with their life in Jindřichův Hradec. It adds some less known information on the studies of Alois Landfras at the university in Prague, providing an insight into his inner world. The article is complemented by a synoptic table of all letters, including the quoted persons and places.
In November 1951, books, manuscripts and other archivalia were confiscated during house searches in the flats of Karel Teige and Eva Ebertová. The confiscated set of books was considered to be lost until 1994, when it was handed over from the State Archives to the Library of the Museum of Czech Literature. The article presents a fragment of Teige’s library in terms of thematic areas and identified provenances (dedications, glosses and additions, stamps, signatures). Another part of the article analyses Teige’s paper ‘Ten Years of Surrealism’, which was presented at a discussion evening of the Left Front and published in the collection Surrealismus v diskusi [Surrealism in Discussion] (1934), and Teige’s corrections and additions found in a copy from the confiscated collection. In the text, Teige systematically removed morphological and syntactic archaisms as well as filler words. In addition, Teige made numerous formulation changes and additions in many places of the text, especially those dealing with the relation of psychoanalysis and surrealism. In these passages and also in a part of his article on the Kharkiv Resolution, Teige refers to A. Breton, he quotes from the First and Second Manifestos of Surrealism, and he maps the Breton / Aragon conflict within the French group. Because of the frequency of the changes in the text, the article covers only selected changes always representing a certain type. Therefore, it is not a textological article, but it turns the attention of Teigean researchers to a previously unknown version of one of Karel Teige’s key texts of from the 1930s.
Weijia Xu, Maria Esteva, Jessica Trelogan and Dan Wu
between machine learning, cyberinfrastructure and digital library is an important step to achieve smart data and information management. However, there is lack of mediums and forums that bring together researchers and practitioners to share visions, questions, latest advances in methodology, application experiences, and best practices. Library and archival professionals are often unfamiliar with cyberinfrastructure. In turn, cyberinfrastructure experts lack experience in traditional digital library and archives practices such as metadata, provenance, publishing