Alina Mihaela Fagateanu, Sergiu Ştefan Nicolaescu and Claudiu Vasile Kifor
, Canada, 1995 p319.
11. SAI GLOBAL | Assurance Services „ISO 14001:2015 Draft International Standard Proposed revisions to the environmental management and its progression towards final publication.”
12. CRA EUROPE, „10 key themes you need to know about the ISO 14001 Revision” March (2014);
13. Orsato, R. J., & Wells, P., U-turn: the rise and demise of the automobile industry. Journal of Cleaner Production , 15 (11), 994-1006, (2007).
14. BSI „ISO 14001:2015 WhitepaperISO RevisionsUnderstanding the proposed changesApproaching change” available
This paper presents analysis of flank wear influence on forces in orthogonal turning of 42CrMo4 steel and evaluates capacity of finite element model to provide such force values. Data about magnitude of feed and cutting force were obtained from measurements with force tensiometer in experimental test as well as from finite element analysis of chip formation process in ABAQUS/Explicit software. For studies an insert with complex rake face was selected and flank wear was simulated by grinding operation on its flank face. The aim of grinding inset surface was to obtain even flat wear along cutting edge, which after the measurement could be modeled with CAD program and applied in FE analysis for selected range of wear width. By comparing both sets of force values as function of flank wear in given cutting conditions FEA model was validated and it was established that it can be applied to analyze other physical aspects of machining. Force analysis found that progression of wear causes increase in cutting force magnitude and steep boost to feed force magnitude. Analysis of Fc/Ff force ratio revealed that flank wear has significant impact on resultant force in orthogonal cutting and magnitude of this force components in cutting and feed direction. Surge in force values can result in transfer of substantial loads to machine-tool interface.