Notes: neighbourhood poverty change quintiles: 1 = share of poverty falling faster; 5 = share of poverty rising faster. ‘X’ indicates mean for each quintile. Box indicates quartile range and horizontal bar within box indicates median.
Source: own study based on EIMD data from UK Government website . SIMD data from Scottish Government website
Figure 1 also shows how patterns of changes are vary between cities. In four of the 12 (Edinburgh, Liverpool, London and Newcastle), there is a fairly steady progression across the quintiles with the neighbourhoods
fragments. Among them, activities related to anthropogenic or natural elements may be recognized. The first group refers to infrastructure (its modernization, development, new technologies, public transport development and the improvement of its accessibility) and to the architectural and urban fabric (progression in standards, filling the gaps in urban fabric, modernization of buildings, renewal, activities enhancing aesthetic excellence, demolition of degraded buildings, introducing new land-uses, protection of cultural heritage, creating and arranging new public spaces