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Fostering Adaptation by Changing Landowners’ Knowledge Framework – Responses to Extension Education in Northwest Washington State, USA

Abstract

Landscape urbanization and fragmentation, spread of invasive pests, biodiversity loss, social value changes, and loss of manufacturing infrastructure are some of the changing ecological, economic and environmental framework conditions facing small-scale forest owners in northwest Washington State, USA. To successfully adapt to these changes, landowners’ knowledge framework must change. Washington State University Extension has been offering comprehensive, multi-week training courses for small-scale forest owners. From 2008 - 2013, participants were surveyed at the conclusion of the training, one year following the training, and again at three years following the training. These follow-up surveys demonstrate a progression from knowledge change to behaviour (management) change and, ultimately, to condition change. Condition changes included increased wildlife diversity, decreased invasive species cover, and increased economic sustainability. The results demonstrate that changing a landowner’s knowledge framework through education is a highlyeffective approach for helping them successfully adapt to changing external framework conditions.

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Optimisation of loading capacity of smoking kiln on drying characteristics of Catfish (Clarias gariepinus)

Technology 4: 60–63. Andrés A., Barat J. M., Grau R., Fito P. (2007): Principles of Drying and Smoking. In: Toldrá, F. (ed.) Handbook of fermented meat and poultry. Blackwell Publishing, USA, pp. 37–48. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470376430.ch5 Bala B. K., Mondol M. R. A. (2001): Experimental investigation of solar drying of fish using tunnel dryer. Drying Technology 19: 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1081/DRT-100102915 Barat C., Datta P. P., Raj V. S., Sharma V. R., Kaji H., Kaji A., Agrawal RK (2007): Progression of the ribosome recycling factor through the

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Comparative Analysis of Access, and Preferences of Rural and Urban Households for Cooking Energy, and the Determinants in Nigeria: A Case of Ogun State

and the Challenge of Sustainability (J. Goldemberg, ed.). New York, NY: United Nations Development Programme. Hosier R. H., Kipondya W. (1993): Urban Household Energy Use in Tanzania. Energy Policy 21(5): 454–473. Joachim I. E. (2010): Dangers of Cooking with Firewood. http://joachimibeziakoezeji.blogspot.com/2010/06/dangers-of-cooking-with-firewood.html . Accessed online 1 st April, 2015. Leach J., Driver R., Scot t P., Wood-Robinson C. (1992): Progression in Understanding of Ecological Concepts by Pupils Aged 5 to 16. Leeds, UK: The University

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Notes On Alien Plant Species Amorpha Fruticosa New To Lithuania

eber E., G ut D., 2004: Assessing the risk of potentially invasive plant species in central Europe. – Journal for Nature Conservation, 12(3): 171–179. W illiams P.A., C ameron E.K., 2006: Creating gardens: the diversity and progression of European plant introductions. – In: A llen R.B., L ee W.G. (eds), Biological invasions in New Zealand: 33–47. – Berlin.

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Economic and Labor Sizes from the Brazilian Timber Housing Production Sector

.E.J. – K irkman -B rown , J.C. – A ttallah , M.M. – E spino , D.M. – S heperd , D.E.T., (2018): The barriers to the progression of additive manufacture: perspectives from UK industry. International Journal of Production Economics 198: 104–118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpe.2018.02.003 V alizadeh , A. – G hahremani , J. (2012): The relationship between organizational culture and quality of working life of employees. European Journal of Experimental Biology 2 (5): 1722-1727. Z ani , A.C. (1997): Arquitetura de madeira: reconhecimento de uma cultura

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Expression of small GTPases in the roots and nodules of Medicago truncatula cv. Jemalong

proteins. Molecular and Cellular Proteomics 14, 1301–1322. Craddock, C., Lavagi, I., Yang, Z. 2012: New insights into Rho signaling from plant ROP/Rac GTPases. Trends in Cell Biology 22, 492–501. Dalla Via, V., Traubenik, S., Rivero, C., Aguilar, O. M., Zanetti, M. E., Blanco, F. A. 2017: The monomeric GTPase RabA2 is required for progression and maintenance of membrane integrity of infection threads during root nodule symbiosis. Plant Molecular Biology 93, 549–562. Damiani, I., Drain, A., Guichard, M., Balzergue, S., Boscari, A., Boyer, J.-C., Brunaud

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Sinapinic and protocatechuic acids found in rapeseed: isolation, characterisation and potential benefits for human health as functional food ingredients

). Anthocyanins derived from black raspberries, along with the main anthocyanin metabolite PCA, were studied in N -nitrosomethylbenzylamine (NMBA)-induced oesophageal tumours in rats. PCA delayed the formation of pre-neoplastic lesions and the progression of these lesions to papillomas, ultimately reducing NMBA-induced oesophageal carcinogenesis. PCA also induced the expression of PTX3, which was shown to possess anti-angiogenic and anti-tumourigenic activity in prostate cancer cells ( Peiffer et al ., 2014 ). Although cancer prevention is crucial, improving existing

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Assessment of water-limited winter wheat yield potential at spatially contrasting sites in Ireland using a simple growth and development model

range 3–10°C, while a proportionally lower V day is acquired if the daily mean temperature is within either of the ranges –4 to 3°C or 10 to 17°C: Table 1 Indices of thermal time and GAI development used in the winter wheat yield potential model Periods of development GAI progression Thermal time (°C days) Sowing to GS30 0.0–1.7 1118 GS30–GS31 1.7–2.4 113 GS31–GS61 2.4–6.7 453 GS61–GS69 Allocated thermal time for the GS61–GS69 phase is an estimation of the duration of constant maximum GAI, as opposed to

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Influence of Polyphenol Extract from Evening Primrose (Oenothera Paradoxa) Seeds on Proliferation of Caco-2 Cells and on Expression, Synthesis and Activity of Matrix Metalloproteinases and Their Inhibitors

. Cancer, 2001, 91, 822-832. 12. Gialeli C., Theocharis A.D., Karamanos N.K., Roles of matrix metalloproteinases in cancer progression and their pharmacological targeting. FEBS J., 2011, 278, 16-27. 13. González-Vallinas M., González-Castejón M., Rodríguez-Casado A., Ramírez de Molina A., Dietary phytochemicals in cancer prevention and therapy: a complementary approach with promising perspectives. Nutr. Rev., 2013, 71, 585-599. 14. Gorlach S., Wagner W., Podsedek A., Sosnowska D., Dastych J., Koziołkiewicz M., Polyphenols

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The Effect of Different Tillage Methods on Erosion

Abstract

During the years 2012‒2016 at the site threatened by erosion, the effect of different intensity and depth of soil tillage on the progression of erosion were evaluated on the plots with silage maize. Three different tillage methods were compared and evaluated - conventional tillage, including ploughing (CT), no-tillage using mulch and direct drilling (NT), and minimum tillage treatment with a lower depth of soil cultivation and organic matter incorporation (MT). Water and soil runoff on all of the experimental plots were measured during erosion events. Besides an analysis of naturally occurring rainfall causing erosions, we also conducted the test of soil infiltration abilities with a rain simulator after silage maize harvest. The effect of the tillage on aboveground biomass yield and the input costs was also analyzed. The results showed that NT and MT can significantly reduce water and soil runoff comparing CT. The highest yields were recorded in MT, while the lowest were in CT. Total input costs were higher in the case of NT and MT, but the share of mechanized work was lower for these technologies. Our results showed that NT and MT technologies, as a part of silage maize with a higher plant density stand establishment, should be a useable erosion control measure in areas vulnerable to erosion.

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