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Frosty, Freezing and Severe Freezing Days and Their Synoptic Implications in Małopolska, Southern Poland, 1951–2000

Abstract

This study discusses the occurrence of days with unique thermal characteristics for the period 1951-2000. The authors investigated longterm variability, probability of occurrence and synoptic conditions favourable to frosty (tmin≤0˚C ∧ tmax>0˚C), freezing (tmax<0˚C) and severe freezing (tmax<-10˚C) days at six stations in the southern part of Poland. The occurrence of frosty days is characterized by the highest diversity, both in spatial and temporal terms and these days depend on the landform to the highest degree. The number of freezing days ranged from 28-30 in the foothills of the Carpathians to 147 at 2000 m a.s.l. in the Tatra Mountains, with severe freezing days from ca. 2 to ca. 18 days respectively, though no distinct trends were noted in their long-term progression. The anticyclonic situations and air mass advection from the southern sector (frosty days), from the east, south-east and north (freezing and severe freezing days) were the most favourable for the days examined.

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Numerical modelling in research on geothermal systems

reservoir simulation system. Proc. World Geothermal Congress 1995, Florence, 18–31 May 1995: 2959–2963. PRUESS K., OLDENBURG C., MORIDIS G., 1999, TOUGH2 user’s guide, version 2.0. Report LBNL-43134, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley, California. RECHARD R.P., WILSON M.L., SEVOUGIAN S.D., 2014, Progression of performance assessment modeling for the Yucca Mountain disposal system for spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste. Reliability Engineering and System Safety, 122: 96–123. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ress.2013

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A continuous stable isotope record of last interglacial age from the Bulgarian Cave Orlova Chuka

Geochronology 12: 1–10, 10.1016/j.quageo.2012.05.003 Hercman H Pawlak J 2012 MOD-AGE: An age-depth model construction algorithm Quaternary Geochronology 12 1 10 10.1016/j.quageo.2012.05.003 Holden EN, 1990. Total half-lives for selected nuclides. Pure and Applied Chemistry 62(5): 941–958, 10.1351/pac199062050941 Holden EN 1990 Total half-lives for selected nuclides Pure and Applied Chemistry 62 5 941 958 10.1351/pac199062050941 Holzkamper S, Mangini A, Spotl C and Mudelsee M, 2004. Timing and progression of the last Interglacial

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Verification of forecasts of periodic changes in the climate of Warsaw in the period 1779-2010

Abstract

The air temperatures recorded at Warsaw-Okęcie in 1951-2010 were compared with forecasts for the period 1980-2010 and 1991-2010, i.e. 31 and 20 years ahead. Accurate predictions of air temperatures in Warsaw in 1980-2010 were calculated using the cycles identified by applying the sinusoidal regression method to a series of monitoring results obtained in Warsaw between 1779 and 1979. The high accuracy of these forecasts is the result of a similar progression of measured and forecast values over a number of years. The prediction of climate change in the Northern Hemisphere for example, caused by interference of long solar radiation cycles as well as variations in the concentrations of the δ18O oxygen isotope in the Arctic ice cores, requires a larger series of data points.

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Telegraph communication networks used by the Japanese pharmaceutical industry in 1901

Abstract

This article examines how the communication network of the Japanese pharmaceutical industry operated around the turn of the century to create spatial interactions across the national medicine market during a period of intense industrialization.

In 1901, pharmaceutical wholesalers in Osaka compiled The Telegraph Codebook of Pharmacies in Japan to facilitate national trade in medicine, although its use was restricted to only the 177 pharmacies that joined the Pharmaceutical Telegraph Communication Alliance. This alliance had close ties with wholesalers in Osaka and comprised national-level qualified chemists. The use of this communication network by telegraph enabled the integration and progression of the Japanese pharmaceutical market in the early 20th century; however, pharmacies also began to build different and layered communication networks that corresponded to their respective business styles. Findings indicate that pharmacies used different communication networks of different spatial scales, thereby operating regional specialization and national integration networks simultaneously.

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The Saxo-Danubian Granite Belt: magmatic response to post-collisional delamination of mantle lithosphere below the southwestern sector of the Bohemian Massif (Variscan orogen)

., Finger F. & Parrish R.R. 2006: Southwestward progression of a late-orogenic heat front in the Moldanubian zone of the Bohemian Massif and formation of the Austro-Bavarian anatexite belt. Geophys. Res. Abstr. 8, 10698. Harris N.B.W., Pearce J.A. & Tindle A.G. 1984: Geochemical characteristics of collision zone magmatism. In: Ries A.C. & Coward M.P. (Eds.): Collision tectonics. Geol. Soc. London, Spec. Publ. 19, 67-71. Henk A., von Blanckenburg F., Finger F., Schaltegger U. & Zulauf G. 2000: Syn-convergent high

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Public spending mechanisms and gross domestic product (GDP) growth in the agricultural sector (1970–2016): Lessons for Nigeria from agricultural policy progressions in China

Abstract

China has pursued a sustainable path of development in line with reality for four decades. Economic restructuring started in its vast rural areas, focusing on reforms targeting income increase for rural farmers. These radical sustainable policies that China’s political leaders imbibed were not embraced by Nigeria’s past leaders and these resulted in the bane of underdevelopment. The study examines the level and composition of the drivers of public-spending policy mechanisms that contribute to gross domestic product (GDP) growth in the agricultural sector in China and Nigeria and draws up a model of Chinese development for Nigeria. Secondary data was used and were sourced from FAOSTAT and International Monetary Fund’s Government-Finance Statistics (various issues) from 1970–2016. Random-effects model results revealed that the policy of public-expenditure (PUEXP) and intervention (INTEV) variables were significant but negative, while enterprise-development (ENTDEV), drivers of development (DRIVERS) and Dummy D1t (modest public-expenditure access) were significant and positive for Nigeria. Three variables were significant and positive. The dummies D1t and D2t (macro-economic stability) were positive and significant for China. Public-expenditure and GDP growth has an inverse relationship in Nigeria, but a direct relationship in China. In Nigeria, PUEXP coefficient is ˗0.6810 and 0.8902 for China. Hence, macro-economic stability, enhanced market mechanisms and economic progress resulted in China and hereby lessons are drawn for Nigeria. Public leaders are responsible for governing the market in a manner that induces businesses to produce public value. However, if public-policy mechanisms are not well-designed to fit the economy’s needs it could significantly influence the economy in a negative way, and the society bears the costs.

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Longitudinal and spatial perspectives on the mismatch of tertiary educated migrant workers in the Czech labour market: The case of Ukrainians

Migration in Times of Crisis: Forced and Labour Mobility. Prague, Charles University, Faculty of Science. DRBOHLAV, D., LACHMANOVÁ-MEDOVÁ, L. (2009): Country Report Czech Republic [online]. [cit. 5.1.2018]. Research paper Available at: http://www.prominstat.eu/drupal/node/139 DRBOHLAV, D., VALENTA, O. (2014a): Building an Integration System: Policies to Support Immigrants’ Progression in the Czech Labor Market [online]. [cit. 11.12.2017]. Research paper, Migration Policy Institute Available at: https

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The Climate and Its Impacts on Egyptian Civilized Heritage: Ei-Nadura Temple in El- Kharga Oasis, Western Desert of Egypt As a Case Study

: Deterioration of stone of the Great sphinx. Am.Res. Egypt. Newsletter, 114: 35-41. Heinrichs, K. 2004: Assessment of Weathering Progression on Rock-Cut Monuments in Petra / Jordan, 32nd Int. Geol. Congr., Abs. Vol., pt. 1, abs 145-4, pp. 672. Heinrichs, K. 2004: Impact of Weathering Processes on Building Materials: the Cairo Case Study, 32nd Int. Geol. Congr., Abs. Vol., pt. 2, abs 228-8, pp. 1035. Lee, C.H., Lee, M.S., Suh, M., Choi, S.W., 2005: Weathering and deterioration of rock properties of the Dabotap pagoda (World

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Durchbruch bei der interkommunalen Zusammenarbeit in Schleswig-Holstein

Regelung eine doppelte Progression: Steigerung des Ausgleichsbetrages durch Einwohnerzuwächse und durch die vorgegebene zeitliche Staffelung von 2 % auf 3,5 % in zehn Jahren. Bei 4 000 Einwohnern ist dies ein Betrag von anfangs 80 000 DM, nach fünf Jahren von 120 000 DM, Beträge, die eine gutsituierte Umlandgemeinde verschmerzen kann und der Kemstadt jedenfalls einen gewissen Ausgleich für die Einwohnerverluste durch Umzug in die Nachbargemeinde gewähren. Besonders hervorzuheben an diesem Kooperationsprojekt aus Sicht des Landes ist, daß nicht nur eine Zusammenarbeit

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