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The article deals with the relevant problem of updating the system of graduate training (master’s degree) in Ukraine. It analyzes the ways of Ukraine’s integration into the European Higher Education Area and the legal framework of higher education in Ukraine and the UK. It also presents a comparative pedagogical analysis of the features of professional training for Masters in Cybersecurity in different areas, as well as the structural, content, organizational and pedagogical principles of master programmes on cybersecurity at the universities of Ukraine and the UK. It is found that the most significant difference is the decentralized management of educational processes at the administrative level. The analysis of the legal framework of higher education shows that it is much better developed in Ukraine than in the UK due to the centralized management of education. The article proves that a significant difference between master programmes on cybersecurity in Ukraine and the UK is their level of specialization. The programmes on the investigation of computer incidents and information technology security are most prevalent at UK universities. It is specified that the number, list and names of educational courses differ significantly, which is explained primarily by the differences in the conceptual framework of the profession itself, the social needs of Ukrainian and British society in such specialists and the ways of promoting this profession in the labour market. Some positive aspects of the organization of master training in cybersecurity in the UK are emphasized. Some promising areas in professional training of Masters in Cybersecurity in Ukraine and the UK are singled out.
The article presents the results obtained from a comparative analysis of the introduction of dual education in Germany and Ukraine. The European tendency towards transforming dual learning from vocational education to higher education is described. It is found that the conceptual basis for the introduction of dual learning is the cooperation between employers, educational institutions and students (employees), who are actively involved in learning, work and development of learning programmes for future specialists. The article discloses certain approaches to dual learning in Germany: combining learning in educational institutions with on-the-job learning, a focus on vocational training, being involved in the development of educational vocational programmes for social partners and the coordination of these programmes with all stakeholders. It also analyzes the main models of dual learning in German higher education institutions: learning- and practice-integrated studies. The learning-integrated model of dual learning includes the following characteristics: theoretical learning in a higher education institution is combined with simultaneous practical learning at an enterprise; such learning should result in obtaining a bachelor’s degree, as well as a document upon the acquisition of practical skills in a particular profession, issued by the Chambers of Commerce and Industry of Germany. The practice-integrated model of dual learning is characterized as follows: theoretical learning in higher education institution, which is combined with different options for practical activities at the enterprise (practical learning, internships, part-time job or part-time learning). The article also considers the programmes of dual learning in certain German institutions offering dual learning and characterizes the peculiarities of their content. It also presents the results of a comparative analysis on bachelor programmes in the field of motor transport of related specialties in Ukraine and Germany, describes the conditions of dual education in Ukraine and outlines the prospects for its further development.
The article analyzes the organization of the educational process in the Regional Institute of Social Work Aquitaine. It is found that the following departments of the Institute are responsible for organizing the educational process: the department of initial professional training in social work; the department of constant social formations; the department of management training; the research department; the centre for social action learning; the department of internal educational operations; the department of the educational process and symposia; the department of international activities; the centre for evaluation of skills in social professions; the centre for validation of acquired experience in social work. It is revealed that the Regional Institute of Social Work Aquitaine will be merged into the University of Bordeaux between 2019 and 2020 and become part of the National Union of Training and Research in the field of social intervention, which integrates all types of training in social work. The Regional Institute of Social Work Aquitaine is also under the direction of the Regional Association of Social Work. It must be noted that the Regional Institute of Social Work Aquitaine provides the protocol for certification and testing of the Level 3 Modules (ASS / ES / EJE / ETS / CESF). After all, the general conditions of this protocol ensure the support of candidates for such certification and testing. These conditions include the location of certification and testing; instructions and criteria: an invitation to certification and testing, the organization of certification and testing, the organization of module certification, the information about certification and testing committee, the submission of results from certification and testing (results of certification and testing, absence of candidates during certification and testing, module testing, violations and protection means).
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The diversity of international relations in the globalized world has influenced the role of a translator that is becoming more and more important. Translators’ training institutions today are to work out and to implement the best teaching methodology taking into consideration the new challenges of modern multinational and multicultural society. The thorough research of the experience in training translators and interpreters in the USA may help to find out new perspective methodological approaches to teaching and learning. This article reviews the variety of translator training programmes in Ukraine and in the USA and presents the analysis of the innovative teaching approaches that are currently popular in the education community. There exist different kinds of translators’ training degree programmes: short and long, full-time and part-time in Ukraine and in the USA. American universities and colleges provide not only academic programmes but also specific certificate programmes in translation and interpretation. The peculiarity of Ukrainian translators’ training programmes is that all these programmes are fully integrated into the university system. The approaches applied in the process of translators’ training in the American system of education are mostly new and oriented on the professional skills building. The following teaching approaches are currently used in the translators’ training process: profession-based, learner-centred, social constructivist and interdisciplinary. A social constructivist approach is more likely to be applied to translators’ training process in Ukraine under the modern conditions.
It has been defined that the problem of labor socialization of young specialists is a problem of great interest and practical importance for modern pedagogical science. Current issues of professional socialization of young people have been considered. Special attention has been paid to orphans - inmates of institutions of social care in China. It has been determined that labor education throughout the history was considered to play the primary role among all kinds of educational work with young people both in classical and modern China. The experience of China as to the problem mentioned has been characterized. Special attention has been paid to the issues which play a practical role both in motivating orphans to professional and labor search (holding “weeks of professions”, participation in daily work as to maintaining the orphanage, caring for youngsters and olds, work in gardens and workshops located on the territory of orphanage etc.) and the society to taking care of orphans (patronage and guarding from factories and plants, granting jobs’ quotas for orphanages’ graduates, making production areas on the territories of the orphanages etc.). It has been found out that adequate labor and professional socialization of orphans in China is considered to be an important part of public campaigns aimed at making staff reserve for different plants and factories (especially with hard or harmful working conditions), law enforcement agencies and agriculture. It has been defined that appropriate level of labor and professional socialization of orphans in China is seen by the State as an essential condition of their full integration into modern Chinese society.
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