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Control over Stories of Illness and Life
The case of a career media participant turned media professional

, see Stage, 2015 ). However, the encounter with editorial media and professions is not considered, and they remain important in questions of participants’ access to legitimate public voice. As for the media organizations’ interests in recruiting participants, they routinely need human interest cases for their stories about illness and health, which is a popular topic of journalism and other factual genres (Briggs & Hallin, 2016). Research has demonstrated the importance of individual cases to journalistic media coverage generally (e.g., Birks, 2017 ; Figenschou

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The Difference Culture Makes
Comparing Swedish news and cultural journalism on the 2015 terrorist attacks in Paris

shifting paradigm and a ‘journalistification’ of the profession. Journalism 18(6): 664-679. 10.1177/1464884915625629 Sarrimo C. 2017 The press crisis and its impact on Swedish arts journalism: Autonomy loss, a shifting paradigm and a ‘journalistification’ of the profession Journalism 18 6 664 679 Schudson, M. (2001). The objectivity norm in American journalism. Journalism 2(2): 149-170. 10.1177/146488490100200201 Schudson M. 2001 The objectivity norm in

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The Other Stance: Conflicting Professional Self-Images and Perceptions of the Other Profession Among Finnish PR Professionals and Journalists

:// (read 12.1.2011) Robson, J. (1998) `A Profession in Crisis: Status, Culture and Identity in the Further Education College’, Journal of Vocational Education and Training 5(4): 585-607. Rogers, T.B., Kuiper, N.A., and Kirker, W.S. (1977) `Self-Reference and the Encoding of Personal Information’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 35: 677-688. Ryan, M. and Martinson, D. L. (1988) ‘Journalists and Public Relations Practitioners: Why the Antagonism?’, Journalism Quarterly 65(1): 131-140. Salter, L. (2005) ‘The communicative structures of journalism

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Disrupting journalism from scratch
Outlining the figure of the entrepreneur–journalist in four French pure players

article attempts to identify what has persisted and what has changed, asking what kind of standards may have settled for pure players today. How is the journalistic work organized, how is revenue made and – consequently – what does this mean for the journalistic profession more generally? Furthermore, we ask whether the precarious conditions in the early years of a pure player’s existence provide a context in which the journalistic profession is “disrupted” and begins to be shaped by more entrepreneurial ideals and values. Methodology and field of research This

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Disrupting video game distribution
A diachronic affordance analysis of Steam’s platformization strategy

shifting to Steam’s transformation into an OSN, it is useful to consider the aforementioned Steam Summer Sale in more detail, as it illustrates the second characteristic game aspect of Steam, that is, the framing of game purchasing as a playful ritual. Early conceptualizations of play and games have already emphasized the playful qualities of rituals and the ritualistic quality of play. For instance, Johan Huizinga posited that, just as a child plays “in sacred earnest” ( Huizinga, 1949 : 18), actors in other professions, like sportspersons, actors or practitioners of

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Unboxing news automation
Exploring imagined affordances of automation in news journalism

for “exciting times” when newswork and news automation can interact, as long as the “the human touch” of journalism remains at the core. Discussion In this exploratory study, we have attempted to highlight the imagined affordances of news automation and the underlying factors framing the way in which participants envision the technology. News automation is an emerging technology, deriving from digitalization through datafication, and is currently appearing in newsrooms. Newswork is a profession in which several fields of interest intertwine: affordances are

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From Public Relations to Strategic Communication in Sweden: The Emergence of a Transboundary Field of Knowledge

Profession: The Development and Current Structure of Public Relations in Germany, in Sriramesh, K. and Verčič, D. (eds.), The Global Public Relations Handbook: Theory, Research and Practice (pp. 199–221). London: Routledge. Bivins, T.H. (1993) ’Public Relations, Professionalism, and the Public Interest’. Journal of Business Ethics , 12 (2), 117–126. Bowen, S.A. (2009) ’What Communication Professionals Tell Us Regarding Dominant Coalition Access and Gaining Membership’. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 37 (4), 418–443. Broms, H., and Gahmberg, H

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Rethinking Photojournalism: The Changing Work Practices and Professionalism of Photojournalists in the Digital Age

) Imaginary dark room. Digital photo editing as a strategic ritual. Journalism Practice 4(4): 454-475. Nygren, G. & Degtereva, E. & Pavlikova, M. (2010) Tomorrow's Journalists. Trends in the development of the journalistic profession as seen by Swedish and Russian students. Nordicom Review 31(2): 113-133. Ottosen, R. & Krumsvik, A.H. (2012) Digital challenges on the Norwegian media scene. Nordicom Review 33(2): 43-55. Pantti, M. & Andén-Papadopoulos, K. (2011) Transparency and trustworthiness: Strategies for incorporating amateur photography into news discourse

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Features of Effective Crisis Communication Based on Public Relations Profession Research.


The way of conducting communication during the image crisis is a special type of challenge for the company. Lack of preparation of the company for proper communication management may be crucial in averting and/or reducing the effects of crises. The paper presents the results of research conducted among experts from the PR industry and representatives of the largest Polish enterprises from the 500 List compiled by “Rzeczpospolita” daily newspaper. The vast majority of Polish enterprises show an open-minded approach to crisis communication. Companies from oppressive industries, where crises occur more often, are better prepared for crisis communication. The determinants of effective communication in the situation of image threats are, according to the leaders of public relations agencies, anti-crisis preparation, presence of procedures, openness and honesty in communication processes as well as quick response time.

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