Andriušaitienė, D., Gurskienė, O., Jovaiša, T., Laužackas, R., Pukelis, K., Spūdytė, I., & Tūtlys, V. (2008). Lietuvos kvalifikacijų sistemos metodologija . Vilnius: Lietuvos darbo rinkos mokymo tarnyba prie Socialinės apsaugos ir darbo ministerijos.
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Billett S. (2000). Defining the demand side of vocational education and training: industry, enterprises, individuals and regions. Journal of
Liudmila Dulksnienė, Sigutė Stankevičienė, Irmantas Ramanauskas and Laima Šarkauskienė
The changing approach to a physician’s profession brings about changes in the professional education and training of family physicians as well as in their continuous qualification improvement. For this reason, during the reformation of Lithuania’s primary healthcare system, not only alterations in family physicians’ activity, but also the changes in their education and training and the updating and improvement of their curriculum were seen as priority areas.
The aim of the study was to reveal and compare resident physicians’ attitude to the peculiarities of the professional education and training of family physicians based on the traditional and problem-based learning systems at the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences (subsequently, LSMU).
The study on the professional education and training of family physicians was conducted in 2005 and in 2015. The quantitative study was carried out via a written questionnaire survey. The studied population consisted of resident physicians who were studying family medicine at the LSMU.
The analysis of the peculiarities of the professional education and training of family physicians showed that resident physicians acquired sufficient knowledge and skills in the fields of disease diagnostics and treatment, qualification improvement, disease prevention, and teamwork organization. Resident physicians had insufficient skills to adapt to new conditions of activity, and their studies did not develop creative thinking. The problem-based learning (PBL) system helps future family physicians to develop essential competences and to acquire knowledge and skills required for the career of a family physician.
Despite the abundance of career education interventions and information on career opportunities, the search for information process is not necessarily performed very thoroughly, and thus persons, choosing a profession, do it in the simplest way, being unable to properly explain their decisions afterwards. In choosing a career, it is crucial to think through potential alternatives and support them by arguments. That is why it is important to discuss the process of reasoning, which evolves coherently and can be characterised by certain elements. The following research question was raised in this study: “How the reasoning of pupils’ on career choice is distinguished at a comprehensive school?” In this case the main accent of the research is focused on the situation of career choice reasoning at Lithuanian gymnasiums. The research aim was to disclose the phenomenon of the reasoning on pupils’ career choice at a comprehensive school. For this article, the data have been collected by methods of literature review and individual semi-structured interviewing. Qualitative content analysis has been performed while processing the information acquired from semi-structured interviews. Findings from literature review showed that the reasoning is assessed as conscious, aim-oriented process of conclusion drawing, by means of which it is pursued to evaluate alternatives, solve problems and make decisions by referring to certain information, facts and features, personal characteristics and beliefs. Reasoning based on stimuli emergence is the aim-oriented process, functions of which are based on information, knowledge and experience. This needs mental abilities, language. Reasoning is related to personal inclination and habits. Empirical findings revealed that the phenomenon of career choice at school is not unanimously understood and does not have clear structure. The character of pupils’ reasoning is closely related to emergence of certain stimuli. The external stimuli that induce the reasoning on one’s career choice, which were mostly emphasized by the informants, allow considering that here the school educational environment plays the important role.
The concept of professional identity involves professional suitability, training, professional choice, professional image, professional plan, career awareness and motivation. Students of social pedagogy as future professionals have their self-conception which depends on the level of professional identity the students have achieved: diffuse identity, self-determination without debate, moratorium and the identity achieved. Each level reflects the identity of a certain combination of investigation and resolution of the undertaking. However, professional identity is not only an objectively perceived phenomenon; every subjective perception leads to one’s own career in the context of human evolution, social life, economic conditions, learning experience.
Professional identity, which has been understood as professional roles, is one of the most important factors of career success and satisfaction. It is based on personal characteristics, values and experience. The profession of social pedagogues is specific, because they work with people and, in particular, socially sensitive. Therefore, the students of social pedagogy must have the inclination to work with people. Social pedagogues are responsible for social well-being and, therefore, career decisions of students in social pedagogy must be self-directed and adequate. Thus, the higher education professionals providing career guidance, mentors and teachers should recognize whether these programs are relevant to young people at an early stage of the professional identity. Future social pedagogues must also understand the characteristics of the formation of professional identity of a social pedagogue. Therefore, this article addresses the following research questions: what career decisions were taken when choosing studies in social pedagogy? How and what appropriate level of professional identity was reached during the period of studies at university?
Work related stress is thought to affect an individual’s psychological and physical health in different ways. The aim of the study is to identify the level of stress at work and the impact that the involvement in Physical Activity has for the overall psychological well-being and healthy lifestyle. The sample of the study includes 416 subjects aged 25 - 64 years old, 177 males and 239 females from different professions in Tirana. Instruments used are “Workplace Stress Survey” by The American Institute of Stress (AIS) and “Employee Physical Activity Survey” by EDB Sonoma County, California. The second questionnaire was modified and adapted by the authors for the purposes of this study. For statistical data processing and qualitative descriptions SPPS statistical software package, version 20, Microsoft Office Excel 2007 has been used. The data show that subjects are at a moderate level of stress at work (60.1%), thus stress is present. The dominant gender with work stress is represented by females (60.8%). Referring to the type of profession favoring PA, subjects claim that they cannot be involved in PA in the workplace (78.1%). The subjects are characterized by a low level of PA performance even in their free time; on average they spend 1 - 2 hours/week for 1 - 2 days. As a conclusion, we can say that involvement in PA for managing and reducing stress in the workplace and not only, it is considered as one of the most important factors, it mainly focuses on reducing anxiety and irritability, and increased concentration in individuals′ professional tasks.
Most of the professionals that work in the field of special needs help in development of the healthy relations with the families that have a child with special needs. Others continue to hide their profession behind the analyses conducted through medical diagnoses, and further more others judge the families, laws, conditions and what we normally have, a family of growing problems. The professionals should be active partners together with the families for the future of the children with special needs, by creating a relation based on respect and empathy. The attitudes of the professionals towards the families of the special need children make the relation to head to positivity or negativity. Normally these attitudes come from the perception that the professionals have for the feelings that parents experience, the impact of the child on the family, what they consider important to construct a collaboration and to assess when and how the parents need the professionals, or the characteristics that the relation present with these parents. The aim of the study is to point out the opinions that the professionals have in relation to the family; these opinions will help us to evaluate the attitudes of the professionals and their impact in the development of the collaboration with the families.
For over sixty years what motivates individuals to become teachers and how they perceive teaching as a career have been investigated through a growing body of research. The underlying reasons for the research are mostly the problems of teacher shortages and teacher quality. To maintain informed and intelligent generations, teacher quality and teaching cover an important ground in the development of many countries all around the world. The issue of teacher shortages and teacher quality not only differs from one country to another but also from one field to another. In this regard, English language teaching (ELT) is one of the fields that experience teacher shortage and teacher quality issues in Turkey than other teaching fields. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the motivations of pre-service EFL teachers for choosing ‘teaching as a profession and their perceptions about teaching career’. A total of 210 preservice EFL (English as a Foreign Language) teachers voluntarily participated in the study. The data was gathered by utilizing a motivation scale. The results revealed that prior experiences as a learner, social utility values were the most significant motivation factors for teacher trainees. The findings were discussed in relation to language teacher education.
Transition" in Transitions in Mirror, "A Comparative Approach to the Processes of Democratic Transformation of Spain and Albania", Ciencias y humanism
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