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The legal status of physiotherapists’ profession

REFERENCES 1. M. Starczyńska J, Karwacińska B, Stepanek-Finda W, et al. Historyczne podstawy fizjoterapii. Studia Med. 2011;21:71-7. 2. Act of 25 September 2015 on Physiotherapist’s Profession (Dz.U.2015.1994), hereinafter referred to as the Act on Physiotherapist’s Profession or the APP. 3. Justification of the draft Act of the Sejm of the Republic of Poland for the seventh term of office. Print No.: 3001, draft of the Act on the physiotherapist’s profession and changes of other Acts;

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Medical professions in Poland – selected legal aspects

REFERENCES 1. Consolidated text Journal of Laws of 2018 item 180, as amended, Act on Medical Activity, hereinafter referred to as AMA; however, the literature indicates the separation of the law of medical professions as one of the branches of public health law: Poździoch S. Prawo zdrowia publicznego. Zarys problematyki. Kraków: Zdrowie i Zarządzanie; 2004. p. 28. 2. Consolidated text Journal of Laws of 2017 item 1845, as amended. 3. Consolidated text Journal of Laws of 2017 item 1318, as amended. 4. Consolidated text Journal of Laws of

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Prestige of the medical profession. Is there a connection between feminization and decreased prestige?

. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN; 2009. 13. Hølge-Hazelton B, Malterud K. Gender in medicine – does it matter? Scand J Public Health. 2009;2:139-45. 14. Williams ChL. The glass escalator, revisited: Gender inequality in neoliberal times, SWS Feminist Lecturer. Gender & Society. 2013;5:609-629. 15. Ramakrishnan A, Sambuco D, Jagsi R. Participation of women in the medical profession: insights from experiences in Japan, Scandinavia, Russia and Eastern Europe. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2014;23:927-34. 16. Norredam M. Album D. Prestige and its

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Knowledge and social opinions about physiotherapists

fizjoterapeuty przez studentów I roku studiów I stopnia polskich uczelni o różnych profilach kształcenia. Fizjoter Poa. 2009; 2 (4); vol. 9:109-121 15. Pujsza A., Tomczak H. Position of physiotheraphy profession in Poland: percepcion of physiotherapy student. Acta Balneologica 2012; 4: 267-273 16. Nowicki G, Ślusarska B. Determinanty społeczno-demograficzne wartościowania zdrowia wśród pracujących osób dorosłych. Hygeia Public Health 2011; 46(2): 280-285 17. Knapik A, Rottermund J, Myśliwiec A, Plinta R, Gruca M. Aktywność

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Attempt at the assessment of the infuence of the education on the level of knowledge of legal regulations concerning nursing profession among nurses

REFERENCES 1. Law on the profession of a nurse and a midwife of 15 July 2011. 2. Regulation of ministry of Health on scope of medical procedures, which can be performed by nurse and midwife independently, without physicians’ order of 7th November 2007. 3. Law on the self-government of nurses and midwifes of 1st July 2011. 4. Ozdemir HM, Can O, Ergonen AT, et al. Midwives and nurses awareness of patients’ rights. Midwivery. 2009;25:756-65 5. Gaweł G, Plater B, Potok H, Ogonowska D. Świadomość odpowiedzialności zawodowej wśród

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Interpersonal Communication in Medical Profession on the Example of Physiotherapists


Introduction. The article introduces the reader into the problem area, based on interpersonal relationships between physiotherapists and patients.

Aim. The aim of the study is to learn the factors determining the quality of physiotherapeutic services. The research was carried out in relation to verbal and non-verbal aspects of contact between physiotherapists and patients.

Material and method. The method used in the study was a quantitative survey based on a questionnaire.

Results. Ninety-six percent of respondents state that they have no problems with making interpersonal contact with patients. Fifty-three percent of them show interest in patients during the dialogue and the remaining group only initiates the contact and limits it to personal creativity. The research shows that the gender of the respondents does not significantly affect the ways of showing interest in patients. However, the length of service differentiates their approach to patients as well as the age of the patients themselves.

Discussion. Communication in a profession of physiotherapist refers to the personal preferences and interpersonal skills of the respondents, which can be determined by a specific style of their work. In addition, significantly it is determined by the level of education of future physical therapists, which was mentioned not only by the people in this study, but also in the studies cited in the literature included in the discussion.

Conclusions.The quality of physiotherapy services is determined not only by instrumental preparation of a physiotherapist but also by expression that results from the interpersonal contact. Physiotherapists are aware of building relationships during the first contact. Therefore, they try to make a positive impression. In such way, the quality of treatment can be increased.

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Social and Psychological Background for Emergence of Hypochondriacal Personality Disorders

REFERENCES 1. Vilsh, I. Choosing a Profession: Personal Aspect. Pedagogical Process: Theory and Practice. 2003;1:36-53. 2. Melnychuk OS. Ukrainian Etymological Dictionary. 2003;4:656. 3. Ilin YP. Differential Psychology of Activity. 2008. p. 432. 4. Kovalenko AB, Kornev MN. Social Psychology. 2006. p. 400. 5. Pashchenkov SZ. Hypochondriac states. 1958. p.130.

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The social role of the physician in classical Polish medical sociology. A reconstruction of the views of Magdalena Sokołowska

REFERENCES 1. Merton R, Reader GG, Kendall P. The student – physician. Harvard University Press: Cambridge; 1957. 2. Becker H, Greer G, Hughes EC, Strauss A. Boys in white. Student culture in medical school. Chicago University Press: Chicago; 1961. 3. Mamford E. Medical sociology. Patients, providers and policies. Random House: New York; 1983. p. 334-41. 4. Blame D. Health profession. In: P. Donald, G. Scambler (ed). Sociology as applied to medicine. Bailliere Tindall: London; 1982. p. 214-215. See also: Freidson E. Profession of medicine

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The professional image of a nurse as seen by parents of children hospitalized in the oncology department

położnej w mediach publicznych i prywatnych oraz w prasie. W: Materiały z Międzynarodowej Konferencji „Wizerunek pielęgniarki i położnej na tle nowych wyzwań w pielęgniarstwie polskim i europejskim”. Warszawa: Naczelna Rada Pielęgniarek i Położnych; 2009. P. 37-47. 7. Pawlaczyk B. Pielęgniarstwo pediatryczne. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Lekarskie PZWL; 2007. 8. Mee CL. Painting a portrait: how you can shape nursing’s image. Imprint. 2006;53(5):44-9. 9. [ htpp:// ]. 10. Cebulak M, Adamik S. Ocena

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Midwife’s professional functions prescribed by the law


A midwife is an independent medical profession regulated by law. It is treated as a mission, a profession of public trust. The independence of midwife expresses in the professional activities which are performed in accordance with professional competences. Moreover, it is a universal feature of the midwife profession. International and national regulations are important in process of shaping the legal status of the midwife profession. Due to its nature, this profession requires from the midwives continuous, lifelong learning and professional improvement. National and European legislation on midwife profession indicates professional functions which are characteristic for this profession. Knowledge of professional legislation and its conscious application in professional practice is a basic obligation in the midwife’s practice. Lack of knowledge in this regard has serious legal and moral consequences, as well as might pose a risk to the patient safety. This study contains an analysis of the legislation that determine the professional functions of midwives and influence the rules of the professional performance for midwifery profession.

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