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2. Act of 25 September 2015 on Physiotherapist’s Profession (Dz.U.2015.1994), hereinafter referred to as the Act on Physiotherapist’s Profession or the APP.
3. Justification of the draft Act of the Sejm of the Republic of Poland for the seventh term of office. Print No.: 3001, draft of the Act on the physiotherapist’s profession and changes of other Acts; http://www.sejm.gov.pl/Sejm7.nsf/PrzebiegProc.xsp?nr=3001
Introduction. The profession of midwife belongs to the medical ones. In the Polish legal system, the definition it is not of a legislative nature. It refers to liberal professions associated with practical medical knowledge. However, the profession of midwife has also been included in the catalog of liberal professions under the commercial law, and the legislature allows the practice of midwife in the form of a partnership.
Nevertheless, the majority of midwives working in Poland is employed on the basis of an employment relationship and a civil law agreement, while exercising practice in the form of partnership is not a frequent choice.
Aim. The purpose of this article is to profile the midwife partnership, including the approximation of its essence and purpose, as well as the rights and obligations of the partner, and discussion of the terms and conditions of the company's medical business.
Summary. Compared to other commercial companies, a limited liability partnership company is an attractive legal form for exercising the profession of midwife, primarily because of the partner's liability for the company's obligations. At the same time, the midwife partnership company, by combining both a reduction of personal responsibility, transparent representation with the use of possibility of appointing a board, and the possibility of accumulating financial and intellectual capital, meets the demands of the free services market and growing competition, thereby fostering service quality.
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Cieśliński, R. (2005). Socio-professional situation of physical education teachers. Warszawa: AWF.
Kazimierowicz, M. (2012). Professional burnout of teachers - fiction or reality? Nowa Szkoła, 10, 26-31.
Krawczyk, Z. (1978). Graduates of universities of physical education. Social study of the profession. Warszawa: AWF.
Litzke, S.M. & Schuh H. (2005). Stress, Mobbing und Burn-out am
Joanna Piechowska, Grażyna Iwanowicz-Palus, Agnieszka Bień and Agnieszka Pieczykolan
1. Iwanowicz-Palus G, Golonka E, Bień A, Stadnicka G. Postrzeganie zawodu położnej przez społeczeństwo (Perception of midwife’s profession by socjety). Pielęg. XXI w. 2013; 2(43): 35-42.
2. Iwanowicz-Palus G, Krysa J, Bień A. Rola położnej rodzinnej w Polsce. Med. Og. Nauk o Zdr. 2013; 19 (3): 272–278.
3. Ustawa z dnia 15 lipca 2011 r. o zawodach pielęgniarki i położnej (Dz.U. 2011 Nr 174 poz. 1039)
4. Ustawa z dnia 27 października 2017 r. o podstawowej opiece zdrowotnej (Dz.U. 2017 poz. 2217)
5. Biskupska M
1. Consolidated text Journal of Laws of 2018 item 180, as amended, Act on Medical Activity, hereinafter referred to as AMA; however, the literature indicates the separation of the law of medical professions as one of the branches of public health law: Poździoch S. Prawo zdrowia publicznego. Zarys problematyki. Kraków: Zdrowie i Zarządzanie; 2004. p. 28.
2. Consolidated text Journal of Laws of 2017 item 1845, as amended.
3. Consolidated text Journal of Laws of 2017 item 1318, as amended.
4. Consolidated text Journal of Laws of
fizjoterapeuty przez studentów I roku studiów I stopnia polskich uczelni o różnych profilach kształcenia. Fizjoter Poa. 2009; 2 (4); vol. 9:109-121
15. Pujsza A., Tomczak H. Position of physiotheraphy profession in Poland: percepcion of physiotherapy student. Acta Balneologica 2012; 4: 267-273
16. Nowicki G, Ślusarska B. Determinanty społeczno-demograficzne wartościowania zdrowia wśród pracujących osób dorosłych. Hygeia Public Health 2011; 46(2): 280-285
17. Knapik A, Rottermund J, Myśliwiec A, Plinta R, Gruca M. Aktywność
Piotr Pawłowski, Daria Makuch, Paulina Mazurek, Adrianna Bartoszek, Alicja Artych and Beata Dobrowolska
Introduction. Nowadays, a professional image is an important element of the identity of individual professions. Its formation is a difficult process, dependent on many factors, including the use of new communication channels, such as social media, which in recent years have become a space for expressing social opinion, including those concerning individual professions.
Aim. The analysis of the possibilities of using social media in shaping the image of nurses on the Internet.
Material and methods. The study was carried out using the comparative method. The subject of the research were websites (fanpages) related to the professional environment of nurses on the social networking site Facebook.com, chosen deliberately according to the adopted criteria.
Findings. During the research, differences in the strategy of administering the analyzed websites were identified, depending mainly on the subject matter and purpose of publishing the content. The topicality, visual attractiveness and cohesion were characterized by a high level. The posts appearing on individual websites were written in the language of the recipients, with different publication frequency. The websites created a long-term group of recipients and tried to influence the image of nursing in Poland in a positive way.
Conclusions. Content published on social media can affect both the positive and negative image of the nurse in the public opinion. Among the factors that do not affect the image of nurses can be indicated, among others, offensive language of comments and displaying negative traits of nurses. Positive reception guarantees current knowledge in the field of nursing and emphasizing professional competences.
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13. Hølge-Hazelton B, Malterud K. Gender in medicine – does it matter? Scand J Public Health. 2009;2:139-45.
14. Williams ChL. The glass escalator, revisited: Gender inequality in neoliberal times, SWS Feminist Lecturer. Gender & Society. 2013;5:609-629.
15. Ramakrishnan A, Sambuco D, Jagsi R. Participation of women in the medical profession: insights from experiences in Japan, Scandinavia, Russia and Eastern Europe. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2014;23:927-34.
16. Norredam M. Album D. Prestige and its
Introduction. Modern world map characterizes existence of pluralistic and multicultural societies formed as a result of increased citizens’ mobility and globalization process. Cultural diversity realizes its implications in all the aspects of social functioning and in significant share through the system of healthcare. Accepting the concept of illness as a social construct, intercultural attitudes become leading principle of education and practice of healthcare workers at every level. By the nature of their profession, nurses in the primary healthcare institutions acquire key role in the process of implementation of inter-cultural principles in clinical practice, with the aim for the healthcare system to become more open and more sensitive to specific social occurrences and culturally driven healthcare need of its users.
Aim. The expected contribution of the work is oriented towards the possibility of theoretical and practical foundation of multidimensional and multi-perspective approach to healthcare.
Discussion. The discourse of the cultural context of nursing in the field of outpatient healthcare in Serbia is based on the axiomatic assumption that illness is a social construct and that sociological and anthropological perspective can change the clinical practice. The work comprises basic cultural factors as a dynamic factor of health and illness, principles, elements and significance of cultural assessment of the patient in nursing practice; presents the differences in patient’s position within the Parsons concept and contemporary concept of post-modern approach to the patient. Cultural concept of nursing in Serbia has been analyzed through the prism of “5D Cultural model” by Dr. Geert Hofsted with presentation and interpretation of its basic dimensions.
Conclusions. Healthcare system in Serbia is facing challenges of reforms – the introduction of socio-cultural aspect in creating of primary healthcare policy in the spirit of modern multicultural social tendencies. Aiming to provide quality healthcare it is necessary to understand how a society acknowledges the terms of health and illness and which cultural aspects lies in the base of individual’s behavior. If one healthcare is not founded upon cultural values then it is impossible to achieve its therapeutic goal, it will be incomplete and unsuccessful. The treatment plan and patient’s care must be individual, holistic and culturally appropriate.
Aleksander Zarzeka, Agnieszka Wawrzonkowska, Mariusz Panczyk, Jarosława Belowska, Łukasz Samoliński and Joanna Gotlib
1. Law on the profession of a nurse and a midwife of 15 July 2011.
2. Regulation of ministry of Health on scope of medical procedures, which can be performed by nurse and midwife independently, without physicians’ order of 7th November 2007.
3. Law on the self-government of nurses and midwifes of 1st July 2011.
4. Ozdemir HM, Can O, Ergonen AT, et al. Midwives and nurses awareness of patients’ rights. Midwivery. 2009;25:756-65
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