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Body structure and maturation – the association with environmental factors


The main objective of the study was to determine the relationship between physique, maturation and some environmental factors. The study was conducted in Warsaw, between 2012 and 2013 in randomly selected schools. The material included 171 girls, aged 12-20 years. Body height and weight, upper and lower extremity length, subcutaneous fat folds on arm, subscapular and abdominal, circumferences of arm, chest, waist and hip were measured. Body proportion indices were calculated. The questionnaire form provided information on parental education and profession, and the number of children in family. Girls were asked about age at menarche, number of daily meals, level of physical activity, participation is sport, and level of stress at home and at school. The principal component analysis was applied and 4 factors were extracted from the set of living condition characteristics (F1 - Parental education & father’s occupation, F2 - Mother’s occupation and the number of children, F3 - Stress, F4 - Physical activity and number of daily meals). Regression analysis allowed to evaluate the association of body build characteristics and age at menarche with the four factors. Factor 1 and 4 were the only ones which showed a statistically significant association with body build. The results showed that girls who were taller, with smaller arm and waist circumferences and less adiposity came from families with higher parental education and better father’s profession. Taller stature, longer legs and less adiposity characterized girls who were more physically active and consumed more than three meals a day.

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Older people’s beliefs on prevention and etiology of cancer in Poland. Implications for health promotion

.10.2013]. Freeman HP. 1991. Race, poverty, and cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst. 83:526-7. Freidson E. 1970. Profession of medicine: a study of the sociology of applied knowledge. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Hagger MS, Orbell S. 2003. A meta-analytic review of the Common Sense Model of illness representations. Psychology and Health 18:141-84. Heidrich SM, Egan JJ, Hengudomsub P, Randolph, SM. 2006. Symptoms, symptom beliefs, and quality of life of older breast cancer survivors: A comparative study. Oncology Nursing Forum 33

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