In the early 1990s, an employment reduction in the State Forests caused the lowest-income employees to be transferred to external service providers. At the same time, due to the lack of students applying in this field, numerous vocational schools were shut down. At present, professions in the forestry sector are characterized by work under harsh conditions combined with low pay and are thus rarely chosen by young people. As a result, this service sector’s average age is increasing very visibly. The aim of this paper was to gather information about the motivation of the students who did decide to begin training in this field and their professional aspirations. Our work is based on data obtained from forestry schools and a 9-question survey. Questions in the survey concerned the motivation to become an operator of forest machines, family traditions related to this profession, professional interests and plans for the future. The data analysis revealed that forestry education at the level of vocational schools is practically inexistent. For the past six years, the only unit that trained new forestry workers continuously was the Forestry School in Rogoziniec. The school’s graduates primarily pick up the profession of harvester operator and forwarder operator. Even more alarming is the fact that most of this school’s students are aware of the present employment conditions in Poland and are considering going abroad to find jobs. Therefore, in order to retain the newly trained workforce, it is necessary to improve the attractiveness of the forestry professions and to introduce systemic solutions for the development of qualifications and competences, which should be of interest to both forestry entrepreneurs and the State Forests.
Oluwakemi Adeola Obayelu and Ifeoluwa Olawale Fadele
Abdusalam-Saghir P. B., Aromolaran K. A., Ajeigbe S. A. (2008): Perception of male and female rural youths towards agriculture as a vocation in Obafemi-Owode LGA of Ogun State. In Proceedings of 17 th Annual Congress of Nigeria’s Rural Sociological Association held at National Root Crops Research Institute, Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria (19 th –22 nd August 2008), pp. 49–55.
Adebo G. M., Sekumade A. B. (2013): Determinants of career choice of agricultural profession among the Students of the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences in Ekiti State
This study outlines the main motives of foresters opposing the enlargement of the Białowieża National Park to include areas managed by the State Forests Holding. The motives were identified using discourse analysis tools based on the semistructured interviews with 36 people representing various groups of actors engaged in the discussion on the management of the Białowieża Forest. The main motives I found are connected to: (1) a vision of how nature should be and the foresters’ mission; (2) fear of losing employment or getting a worse job; (3) the high esteem of the forester profession in local communities and an inferior vocational status of the national park employees; (4) defending the professional prestige of foresters and the State Forests Holding; (5) competition with national parks over natural areas; (6) forest science; (7) the wish to continue hunting in the Białowieża Forest; (8) bottom-up pressure on the State Forests Holding employees. The major conflict potential in the discourse around the Białowieża Forest is connected with the perception of its unique natural values and methods of protection. As a result, two opposing coalitions have formed: one supporting forestry interests and one encouraging conservation. The discourse of the forestry-supporting coalition is strengthened by an epistemic community of forest scientists. Some arguments presented by the foresters pushing for a continuation of forest management in Białowieża also indicate the involvement of path dependency, which, in combination with large differences between the coalitions, does not allow for optimism regarding the resolution of the conflict.
I.A. Kyriánová, J. Drnek, I. Langrová, P. Peřinková and S. Nechybová
the preservation of biodiversity in Australia: a role for zoos and the veterinary profession. Australian Veterinary Journal, 75, 568–574. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-0813.1997.tb14196.x.
Kodádková A, Kváč M, Ditrich O, Sak B, Xiao L (2010): Cryptosporidium muris in a reticulated giraffe ( Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata ). Journal of Parasitology, 96, 211–212.
Krecek RC, Boomker J, Penzhorn BL, Scheepers L (1990): Internal parasites of giraffes ( Giraffa camelopardalis angolensis ) from Etosha National Park, Namibia. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 26, 395
profesijas standarts (The Standard of Profession of an Assistant for People with Hearing Disorders). Retrieved March 1, 2019, from https://visc.gov.lv/profizglitiba/dokumenti/standarti/ps0461.pdf (In Latvian)
28. VISC (2017, March). Individuālā pieeja katram skolēnam vispārējās izglītības iestādēs (Individual Approach to Every Student in General Education Institutions). Retrieved February 2, 2019, from https://www.tip.edu.lv/media/files/Ieteikumi_versija_14032017.pdf (In Latvian)
29. Voitkane, V. (2017). Inclusive Education in Italy. Proceedings of the
Paulina Szmielińska-Pietraszek and Wioletta Szymańska
On today's labour markets, the basic characteristics of the quality of the labour force is knowledge, qualifications, skills and experience possessed by it. Today, employers are looking for employees with high interpersonal competences, manners, responsible, hard-working, independent, honest and having the ability to learn quickly. For this, as an asset, they add the higher education, preferably directional, creativity and experience. The taken research area is characterized by economic lag in comparison with Gdańsk agglomeration area, as well as with other regions. In the article the reference was made to the declared needs of employers towards future employees, based on interviews conducted in 101 entities of the city of Słupsk and Słupsk county. The main aim of the research was to determine the usefulness of geographic knowledge for the local labour market. And thus indicating the possibility of increasing the attractiveness of geographical graduates in the labour market. Among the needs of employers of Słupsk labour market in accordance with the overall national trend, there is a large deficit of soft competencies, but also, among others, the gap typically professional related to information technology and engineering skills have been diagnosed. There has been a large gap identified in the ability to apply the knowledge (academic) in practical activities, which is called by the employers 'the professional experience'. In contrast, the studies on the usefulness of (the attractiveness of the labour market) competencies that are possible to learn while studying geography, showed the particular importance, valuable for the modern labour market skills of searching, collecting and processing of information. Currently in Poland, even in conditions of high unemployment existing mismatch between qualification and professional structure of supply and demand for labour can be observed. In the labour market, the presence is noted at the same time, the deficit and surplus professions and employers tend to have difficulty in recruiting people with specific skills and vocational skills. Not innovative small entities (which predominate in the structure of entities, inter alia, in Słupsk local labour market) are not able to take over the education of strictly professional competences due to a lack of capital. The role of practical education courses for universities is visible here. They are accumulating equipment and supplies for practical training which may in a flexible way try to respond to changing economic conditions.