The Professional Challenges of the Communication Sector
Nete Nørgaard Kristensen
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Comparing Tabloid, Broadsheet and Public Service Traditions in Sweden
Michael Karlsson and Christer Clerwall
Digital media allow for instant tracking of audience behaviour, thus enabling a potential negotiation between journalists’ traditional authority and professional news values, on the one hand, and the audience’s power in terms of ignoring or paying attention to the journalistic outcome, on the other. The present study investigates whether clicks change news values and have an impact on news routines in tabloid, broadsheet and public service newsrooms. The findings indicate that audience metrics bring a new dimension to the news evaluation process regardless of publishing tradition, but that the commercial media seem to keep a closer tab on traffic. In general, journalists strive for a “good mix” between customization to achieve audience satisfaction and a desire for editorial independence.
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Trends in the Development of the Journalistic Profession as Seen by Swedish and Russian Students
Gunnar Nygren, Elena Degtereva and Marina Pavlikova
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An Exploration of First Year Journalism Students in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden
Jan Fredrik Hovden, Gunn Bjørnsen, Rune Ottosen, Ida Willig and Henrika Zilliacus-Tikkanen
The present article summarizes the findings of a survey among first-year journalism students in Denmark, Finland, Sweden and Norway. The survey covers a wide array of subjects including social recruitment, motivation for studying journalism, preferences regarding future journalistic working life, views on the role of journalism in society, attitudes toward the profession, journalistic ideals and ideas about what are the most important traits for journalists. The study reveals significant differences between journalism students in the Nordic countries. The analysis appears to support a ‘nation type’ interpretation of attitudes among journalists, linked to different national traditions, in explaining the differences found. Our results clearly indicate the importance of traditional sociological explanations of behavior for the understanding of journalistic preferences and ambitions. For example, the choice of preferred topics is strongly gendered and appears as the sexual division of labor sublimated into journalistic preferences.
News Organizations as Patrons of an Institution and Market Actors
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