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The Bureaucracy of Honor. The Habsburg Consular Service and the History of Emotions

’s Handbuch des österreichisch-ungarischen Konsularwesens , in multiple editions, laid out regulations and expectations. Consuls, however, were also often reserve officers and had a responsibility to protect the corporate honor of the officer corps. A career officer was a »man of honor by profession« (Ehren-Mann aus Profession), Ute Frevert, »Der ›Louis‹ - oder was den Mann zum Manne macht: Assessor Ernst Borchert sucht seine Satisfaktion«, in: Uwe Schultz (ed.): Das Duell: der tödliche Kampf um die Ehre, Frankfurt am Main 1996, p. 400. After the new military law of 1868

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The ›Head of Household‹
A Long Normative History of a Statistical Category in the U.K

professions decide to drop the normative in favour of a descriptive definition of the ›Head of Household‹? This leads to a more general question: How did administrators, statisticians and other survey researchers deal with the aim of long-term stability of statistical categories for the sake of comparability, e.g. in a national census, on the one hand, and with adaption to societal change on the other hand? In taking the example of the United Kingdom, the following story combines aspects of a history of knowledge with administrative history. For the administrative approach

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Trust and National Belonging: Welfare for Disabled Veterans in Bohemia (1914–1918)

-integration. While returning to the profession once held was the ideal of re-integrative actions, the deputy director of the ›Viennese bureau of employment services for war invalids‹ (Wiener Amtsstelle der Arbeitsvermittlung für Kriegsinvalide), Richard Sudek, reported at the end of 1915 that disabled soldiers opposed returning to their former job »vigorously«. Richard Sudek: »Arbeitsvermittlung an Kriegsinvalide«, in: Österreichische Rundschau 45 (Oktober–Dezember 1915), pp. 49–55, at p. 52. The Landeszentrale’s first annual report suggests similar conflicts. It attributed

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Vom unwilligen, unfähigen Schulzen zum kompetenten Bürgermeister?
Verhaltenslehren und Lernprozesse im ländlichen Raum des 19. Jahrhunderts

zwischen diesen Räumen Verknüpfungen dieser Räume entstanden. Die Gemeinde(selbst)verwaltung kann als »Kontaktzone« Den Begriff verwende ich im Sinne von Mary Louise Pratt: »Arts of the Contact Zone«, in: Profession 91 (1991), S. 33–40. verstanden werden, in der lokale und staatliche Logiken aufeinandertrafen. Durch die Verstetigung der Tätigkeiten des Gemeindevorstehers, das Alltäglichwerden des Verwaltens in den Gemeinden wurde diese Kontaktzone selbst immer stärker stabilisiert und bildete damit ein Bindeglied zwischen staatlichen und lokalen Räumen. Sie war

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Bureaucracy and Emotions - Perspectives across Disciplines

needs of their clients while operating in an efficient and effective manner. The second problem is an ongoing lack of resources, as client needs tend to increase in proportion to agents’ increasing resources. Lipsky: Street-Level Bureaucracy, p. 33. Third, street-level bureaucrats are frequently alienated from their work, for while they may have entered their profession with altruistic motives, they must also efficiently judge and control clients in the effort to meet the needs of the maximum number of them. By probing such contradictory strains within street

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Litigious Paranoia: Sense of Justice, Bureaucracy, and Media

, and that, against the backdrop that the constantly expanding psychiatry, was advising society to protect itself against possible litigious paranoia. The disease affected everyday people, above all, those who were socially dependent. For psychiatrists, litigious paranoia was primarily a disease of the subordinate class. Correspondingly, people in subordinate professions were registered in the files of the asylums when the psychiatrists were trying to diagnose the disease. The psychiatric power, however, also claimed to be able to diagnose litigious paranoia among

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Building a Local Administration Abroad
The French Consulate in Salonica in the 19th Century

. But this history of administrative reality abroad cannot be limited to laws and borders. The human factor must also be taken into consideration, because space is constituted by the people inhabiting or using it. For the purpose of this article, the focus in the final section will be on the consular employees controlling the consular space. Acting as servants of the state: consular employees abroad The 19th century saw a gradual transformation of consular occupations into an administrative profession, oriented towards what Yvan Debbasch has called a »consular

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