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War as nothing but a duel: war as an institution and the construction of the Western military profession

less than victory and defeat in future wars. Yet, while Bacevich (1995 : 60) saw that these professional limitations were not new, he pessimistically saw that “most of it is unavoidable”. This article takes a slightly more positive take on the issue. None of this may be new, but it is not impossible to reinvent this professional vocabulary. The aim of this paper is thus to contribute to this debate through the investigation of the most central institution of the military profession – war. In more concrete terms, this paper follows the observation made by Philip

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Financial Crime Among Polish Workers in the Years 1945-1956

-1954, GUS, Warsaw 1956. Thomson E. P. (1991), Customs in Common , Penguin Books, New York. Act of March 7, 1959 on preventing rotation of workforce in professions and specialties particularly important for state-controlled economy , Journal of Laws, no. 10, item 107. Act of March 7, 1950 on planned employment of graduates of high schools and colleges , Journal of Laws, no. 10, item 106. Weber M. (1994), The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, Wydawnictwo Test, Lublin. Widerszpil S. (1965), Skład polskiej klasy robotniczej

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Examining The Impact of Personality and Situational Factors on Decision Making Among Military Staffs

References Barrick, M. R., & Mount, M. K. (2005). Yes, personality matters: Moving on to more important matters. Human Performance, 18(4), 359-372. Bolman, L. G., & Deal, T. E. (2003). Reframing organizations: Artistry, choice and leadership. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Buss, D. M. (1999). Evolutionary psychology: The new science of the mind. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. Bäccman, C., & Carlstedt, B. (2010). A construct validation of a profession-focused personality questionnaire (PQ) versus the

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The influence of military identity on work engagement and burnout in the norwegian army rapid reaction force

.1177/0095327X05283040 Wong, L., & Johnson D.V. (2002). Serving the American people: A historical view of the Army profession. In D. M. Snider & G. L. Watkins (Eds.), The future of the army profession (pp. 537-538). USA: McGraw-Hill.

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Usability Monitoring – Extending Quality of Service Monitoring for Decision Making

,” 2003, [10] T. Grant: “Unifying Planning and Control using an OODA-based Architecture,” Proceedings of SAICSIT 2005, p. 159-170. [11] N. C. Goodwin: “Functionality and usability,” Communications of the ACM, March 1987, Vol. 30, No. 3, p. 229-233. [12] J. Gulliksen, I. Boivie, J. Persson, A. Hektor, and L. Herulf: ”Making a difference - a survey of the usability profession in Sweden,” NordiCHI’04, October 23-27, 2004 Tampere, Finland, p. 207

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Examining the relationship between personality, organizational political skill and perceived team performance in a multinational military staff exercise context

). However, this study’s results demonstrated that the personality dimension Emotional stability was also correlated to the PSI. This may be explained by the military profession, which requires soldiers to be ‘emotionally fit’, exemplified through high-functioning emotion resilience systems in extreme working contexts that military personnel may encounter ( Algoe and Fredrickson 2011 ). In military staff work, it can mean contributing to decision processes that may directly affect the life and limb of others out in the field. Emotional stability has also been demonstrated

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Measuring military university Students’ motivational goals in the domain of physical exercise

required in the military profession are well defined and well known. Students at the NDU are regularly tested, and physiological screening is part of student selection. Based on this, it is obvious that the participants of this study do exercise regularly and, thus, probably have goals or are at least able to assess them when asked to. A more common population is more likely to include people who do not train, at least not systematically, and thus their assessments of personal goals might not appear as consistent. It has been proposed that the dimensionality of goals in

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The Bureaucracy of Honor. The Habsburg Consular Service and the History of Emotions

’s Handbuch des österreichisch-ungarischen Konsularwesens , in multiple editions, laid out regulations and expectations. Consuls, however, were also often reserve officers and had a responsibility to protect the corporate honor of the officer corps. A career officer was a »man of honor by profession« (Ehren-Mann aus Profession), Ute Frevert, »Der ›Louis‹ - oder was den Mann zum Manne macht: Assessor Ernst Borchert sucht seine Satisfaktion«, in: Uwe Schultz (ed.): Das Duell: der tödliche Kampf um die Ehre, Frankfurt am Main 1996, p. 400. After the new military law of 1868

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Income and working time of a Fencing Master in Bologna in the 15th and early 16th century


Since ancient times, the master-at-arms profession has always been considered essential for the education of the nobility and the common citizenship, especially in the Middle Ages. Yet, we know nothing about the real standard of living of these characters. The recent discovery of documents, which report the sums earned by fencing masters to teach combat disciplines, has brought us the possibility to estimate how highly this profession was regarded, and what its actual economic value was in the Italian late Middle Ages. They also give us also a material view into the modes of operation of a sala d’arme in those times.

Using different comparative methods based on the quoted currencies, primary goods and the cost of living, it was possible to analyze prices and duration of various military teachings offered by the fencing Masters in the late Middle Ages and equivalent viable activities of the time. We use three ways to calculate equivalent income levels in euros: from the silver content of the coins (bolognini, equivalent to the soldo); from purchasing power in relation to bread prices; and from equivalent wages. As a result we were able to define more accurately both the accessibility of these services for citizens and the relative value to other professions.

This cursory research study also aims to estimate approximately the current equivalent wages of a fencing master operating in the Italian peninsula in the 15th and early 16th century, confirming that this job was comparable to a modern, highly specialized, profession.

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The ›Head of Household‹
A Long Normative History of a Statistical Category in the U.K

professions decide to drop the normative in favour of a descriptive definition of the ›Head of Household‹? This leads to a more general question: How did administrators, statisticians and other survey researchers deal with the aim of long-term stability of statistical categories for the sake of comparability, e.g. in a national census, on the one hand, and with adaption to societal change on the other hand? In taking the example of the United Kingdom, the following story combines aspects of a history of knowledge with administrative history. For the administrative approach

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