Standard labor market models predict that the likelihood of employment increases, hours worked increase, and individuals transition from less-skilled and temporary jobs to more skilled and more stable employment as they age. I examine the association between age and transactional sex work using national household surveys from Zambia, one of the few settings with general population surveys asking women about transactional sex and a relatively high documented prevalence of employment in transactional sex. My results indicate that the likelihood of employment in transactional sex sharply falls with age. Increased employment opportunities outside of transactional sex do not appear to explain the transactional sex employment-age profile and marital status appears to explain only a portion of it. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that clients prefer younger transactional sex workers and suggest that policymakers implement interventions designed to reduce client demand for younger females.
Kirchler, E., & Maciejovsky, B. (2001). Tax Compliance within the Context of Gain and Loss Situations, Expected and Current Asset Position, and Profession. Journal of Economic Psychology, 22(2), 173-194. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-4870(01)00028-9
Kong, F. & Wang, C. (2014). The Determinants of Tax Evasion : A Literature Review. Gdanskie Studia Azji Wschodniej 5, 70-78. Retrieved from http
professions where women often suffer negative productivity signals arising from gender stereotypes, there is hardly any comparable stigma in service-related professions. In sum, this might trigger a lower overedcuation risk of female graduates in the field of services.
The study at hand aims to verify the linkage between job-specificity and overeducation in a consistent methodological and data framework. In particular, we hypothesize that those study programs that train graduates for a more clearly defined range of occupations are associated with a lower overeducation
. Specifically, the key variables employed are occupation, citizenship status of immediate relatives, country of birth, receipt of public benefits, and age at entry. Workers with certain occupations that require licensing or background checks, such as legal professions, police and fire, some medical professions, are assumed to be authorized, as well as individuals in government or in the military. Anecdotal evidence shows that there are some unauthorized workers in the military. Nevertheless, the size of this group is very small. Clearly, while occupation is only useful for
In everyday lives, we more and more use different technology products to make our lives easier and faster. We often do not realise that we are switching our lifestyles to the online platform - we do everything mostly online - meet and communicate with others, watch videos and listen to favourite songs, choose and buy different things. The main question is - can we trust everything that we see on the screen? Is the explanation of “trust” the same in real life and in online sphere? Authors of the paper compare the concept of “trust” in offline trade market with that in online trading. The following methods were used - literature study and analysis, consumer survey and statistical analysis. Consumer survey is already in the process and is to be continued during the next 2 years with the purpose to compare changes through years. Participants of the survey are the inhabitants of Latvia of different age groups, location, profession, etc. The authors have continued the survey to make it more complete and to find out new tendencies. It is possible to use the research results in both ways ‒ theoretical and practical in respect of choosing an effective communication with consumers, in creating a long-term relationship with them, and in regard to increasing the customer loyalty level and level of “trust”.
Amila Pilav-Velić, Hatidža Jahić, Jasmina Okičić and Meldina Kokorović-Jukan
, Vol. 35, No. 4, pp. 553-575.
7. Dolado, P., Jansen, J., Aimeno, J. F. (2008). On the job search in a matching model with heterogeneous jobs and workers. Economic Journal , Vol. 119, No. 534, pp. 200-228.
8. Fink-Hafner, D., Dezelan, T. (2011). The political scientist: a profession in decline? Available at http://www.dehems-project.eu/static/uploaded/files/files/contributions/Fink-Hafner_Danica_DEHEMS_Conference_Paper_The_Political_Scientist_A_profession_in_Decline.pdf [26 July 2018].
9. Garcia-Espejo, I., Ibanez, M. (2006). Educational