Andrea Berndgen-Kaiser, Tine Köhler, Maja Lorbek and Markus Wiechert
and medium-sized towns as not sufficient for graduates and specifically qualified persons: ‘If you are a qualified employee, especially in the crafts or services sector, you will quickly find a job. If you are a graduate it’s difficult depending on your profession’ (town with 17,000 inhabitants). This is confirmed by the following statement, which identifies problems especially for young professionals: ‘We haven’t yet been able to stop the exodus of younger people. The tendency has slowed down and many of the departures are job-motived. Today, you have professional
, normative beliefs and affiliations co-exist. For instance, two persons can belong to the same organization and represent different professions. Both the similarity in organizational affiliation as well as the difference in terms of professional training can be mobilized and made consequential in interaction. The kind of differences – and commonalities – on which interactions between network partners are based is thus an open empirical question.
These general ideas partly link up with the proximity discourse in regional economics and economic geography ( Boschma 2005
The following article summarizes a research with the intention to demonstrate the challenges that architecture students need to face throughout their design tasks. The study is also meant to contribute to the cognition of state-of-the-art methods that can help students with these emerging problems.
The main source of information was a questionnaire. Students were asked about the duties they accomplish when completing a design, about their adopted design methods and about their thoughts on a future profession. As a complement, Interviews were conducted with professional architects from local studios. This allowed a deeper insight into the requirements that the two sides lay down for each other.
The research charts how computer aided design could affect the difficulties that appear in the architectural design process.
The article shows selected problems of contemporary narrative studies. They are a special type of qualitative analyses characteristic of many humanistic disciplines: e.g. sociology, psychology, or pedagogy. They may also apply to musical issues, interalia biographical studies in the broad sense. In Polish literature on the subject there are many publications concerning different aspects of the life, creative work, and artistic and pedagogical activities of persons connected with art, culture, and music education. The article stresses that the specificity of the facts and phenomena learned in that way is the subjective character of their transmission. The experiences and reflection contained in the collected utterances and descriptions show an inner dialogue - the world of unspecified, immeasurable and variable phenomena dependent not only on external conditions but also on inner, personal standards. This makes it possible to analyze musical biographies in a new way. In light of the theoretical and methodological discussion presented in the article, biography and narrative appear to be a special type of methodological approach that uses different kinds of relationships and covers many areas associated with the study of musicians, their activities, development, and career. The narrative approach is a valuable source of unique information on the biographies of musicians. It is also a worthwhile way of learning about socio-cultural changes concerning awareness of and thinking about the profession of musician and music education.
Santa Bondare, Tatjana Volkova, Edgars Bondars and Sarmīte Barvika
18. Libers, S. J. Vadīšanas tendences arhitektūras projektēšanā . Bakalaura darbs. Rīga, 2016. Rīgas Tehniskās universitātes Arhitektūras fakultātes arhīvs.
19. The Architectural Profession in Europe 2016 : A Sector Study (Mirza & Nacey Research Ltd.) [online]. Architects’ Council of Europe , 2017 [cited 04.12.2017]. https://www.ace-cae.eu/fileadmin/New_Upload/7._Publications/Sector_Study/2016_V2/2016_EN_Full_021017.pdf
20. Motivāns, I. Arhitektūras eksportā svarīgs ir simpātiskākā pārdevēja faktors [tiešaiste]. Nozare.lv, 2014
Quality discourses help to legitimate professions. This article therefore addresses the crucial question of how quality can be framed in spatial planning. Based on the context of spatial planning in Austria, this article introduces a normative framework for quality in spatial planning that considers the four dimensions of content, planning methodology, planning process and legal compliance, and shows howthese four dimensions are interlinked. Furthermore, it discusses how quality can be enhanced by concerted governmental action and further education for planners. It is argued that planners might need to adopt a new role as 'teachers' in planning processes to facilitate societal learning processes in order to raise the quality of planning. Finally, it is concluded that the quality debate in spatial planning can be useful to calibrate expectations of planners and society to directly influence sustainable spatial development through spatial planning, to communicate achievements in planning, to raise awareness for sustainable spatial development, and to improve legal frameworks, planning methodology, and planners' training and further education.
Meike Levin-Keitel, Frank Othengrafen and Lukas Behrend
. transdisziplinäre Aufgabe verstanden (vgl. Davoudi/Pendlebury 2010 ; Schmitt 2010 ) und in dieser Form auch von den Berufsverbänden und Architektenkammern in den Debatten über die Profilierung der Profession und der Qualitätssicherung der Ausbildung vertreten. So formuliert die Architektenkammer Nordrhein-Westfalen http://www.aknw.de/absolventenstudenten/berufsbilder/stadtplanerin (01.11.2018). 2018, dass die nachhaltige Entwicklung von Städten eine interdisziplinäre Arbeitsweise erforderlich macht. Gleichzeitig sollen Stadtplaner in ihrer planerischen und beratenden
Fehlentwicklungen hat die Raumplanung mittlerweile einen tief greifenden Verständniswandel erfahren. Raumplanung versteht sich heute weniger ais Macherin, sondern Raumplanung ist vielmehr Steuerungs-, Kommunikations- und Konsensbildungsprozess zugleich. Zum Selbstverständnis der Profession der heutigen Generation der Raumplaner/innen gehiört eine Planungskultur, die sich an Merkmalen wie fachliche und soziale Mitwirkung, Offenheit für unterschiedliche Lösungen, Verantwortung gegenüber kommenden Generationen orientiert. So formuliert es jedenfalls die Vereinigung für Stadt
/Takeuchi 1995 : 33; Amin/Cohendet 2004 : 23).
The territorial approach adopted in this paper focuses on the creation of ‘critical mass’. People who work in knowledge-based professions are assumed to be knowledge-holders in metropolitan regions and form the labour market of a metropolitan region. A certain size of the labour market (often described using the term critical mass) attracts additional knowledge holders and may lead to the emergence of “sticky places” ( Markusen 1996 ). However, firms also cluster within local areas. Bathelt/Malmberg/Maskell (2004) explain