Robert J. Galavan, Denis Harrington and Felicity Kelliher
. One attempt to move the theory towards a method of investigation is provided by MacLean et al. (2002) with the first comprehensive articulation of the five key features of mode 2 enquiry in what they call their 5mode2 framework and it is from this point that we try to take up the challenge to transcend Mode 1 in our teaching and research ( Kelliher et al., 2010 ). Whether we have reached mode 1.5, Mode 2, Mode 3, Hodgkinson’s Pragmatic Science ( Hodgkinson et al., 2001: S42 ) or Pettigrew’s double hurdle (2001) is unclear. The intention of our paper is not to
, confidentiality, authorisation of access, sensitivity and good relations ( IT Carlow, 2011a , 2011b ).
Limitations in the methodology of the study can be argued to include the use of the business awards list as a sampling frame as not all companies take part in industry award competitions. However, the selection of market-oriented companies was the aim and the awards list could be considered a pragmatic choice. The lack of control over the completion of self-administered questionnaires is also acknowledged although the targeting of respondents for the multi
concept and approach underresearched generally in management education but it is also more specifically underresearched outside of these regions. Therefore, it is important to identify the experiences and challenges of embracing a critical pedagogy in management education. Consequently, the aim of this paper is to explore how criticality is perceived and translated into the everyday practices of critical management educators.
As a practitioner in management education, the research objective was to reflect critically on my own practice. The aim
, resulting in poor organisational performance ( Williams, 2005 ). Strategies aimed at increasing and retaining existing nursing staff and good nursing practice require work environments built on trust, respect and justice ( Laschinger and Finegan, 2005 ).
The paper re-analyses, from a discourse perspective, interview material involving 39 nurses and nurse managers - collected in 2000-2002. We argue that the paper is timely, offering new perspectives still relevant in the current healthcare context. Our findings both support and extend contemporary research, demonstrating
people are being charged for relevant services so that the practice can actually function. (GP 28 [E])
This seemed to be less of an issue for owners, who tended to adopt a more pragmatic attitude. Owners speaking about the issue did not generally make reference to discomfort; however, neither did they view matters coldly:
(W)e do expect people to pay, but when people are unable to pay, even the secretary would be told if she gets any sense that someone is in financial difficulties, that they would just give us ... nod us a wink so that we won’t be embarrassing