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China's Dilemmas on the Road to Reforms Under Xi Jinping

References Agadzhanian, M. (2014), ‘Rossiia-Kitai: voienno-tekhnicheski faktor sblizheniia’ Regnum, 24 May 2014. Retrieved from [accessed Jun 2014] Ansfield, J. (2013), ‘China Takes Aim at Western Ideas’ The New York Times, 20 August 2013. Retrieved from [accessed Jun 2014] Arbatov, A. (2014), ‘Aziatsko-Tihookeanskaia strategicheskaia panorama bistro meniaietsa’ Nezavisimaia voiennoe

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National Identity Formation in Pakistan: Analysis of the Anti-Secular Narrative

, Daily Awaz, Daily Waqt, The News and Pakistan Times . Nawa-i-waqt owns Waqt News TV and publishes newspapers by the names of The Nation (English) and Nawa-e-Waqt (Urdu). The News is the largest English daily, with a circulation of 138,000–144,000 per day, and Nawa-e-Waqt is the second largest Urdu newspaper after Daily Jang , with a daily circulation of >0.5 million copies ( Shah 2010 , 1). A total of 30 relevant statements were collected from both newspapers for the years 2000 and 2002. 3 Results and discussion The aim of this section is to

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Implications of Lived and Packaged Religions for Intercultural Dialogue to Reduce Conflict and Terror

several forms. This paper argues that successful ICD would engage all forms of religions and religiosity to achieve the aims of enhancing mutual respect and decreasing intergroup tension and peace. One distinction that has gained attention arises from the fact that religions can be seen to be ‘contained and packaged’on the one hand and ‘lived’on the other ( McGuire, 2008 ; Woodhead, 2011 ). Recent attempts to define religion have increasingly added ‘spirituality’ to capture some of the breadth of what is encountered when observing people as they make meaning, negotiate

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Contemporary Citizenship: Four Types

could be greatly improved by competition and by an emphasis on freedom of choice. Citizens would no longer be mere recipients of services delivered by large, opaque and distant bureaucratic institutions; they would instead exercise choice in key areas such as education and health. In fact, this idea went back to the 1979 government of Margaret Thatcher, who wanted to ‘roll back the state’ and give more power (in the form of consumer choice) to the individual. With the rise of public choice theory, the aim was to make state bureaucracies more efficient and more

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US–Kenya Economic Relations under Obama and Their Image in the Kenyan News Discourse

”: open doors to goods and services from Africa, promote investment into infrastructure and train entrepreneurs to enhance local business capacities ( Obama 2009 ). The 2012 strategy aimed to “boost broad-based and inclusive economic growth, including through trade and investment” so as Africa can be “the world’s next major economic success story”. To achieve this goal, five actions were outlined as crucial: to encourage legal, regulatory and institutional reforms in order to promote an enabling environment for trade and investment; to improve economic governance; to

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People as the Roots (of the State): Democratic Elements in the Politics of Traditional Vietnamese Confucianism

share the dual aspects of being a political system and a way of life, and thus, can be consolidated as “pragmatic Confucian democracy.” The term essentially means a continual negotiation between democratic practices and Confucian values and moral sentiments ( Kim 2017 ). Another attempt to better grasp the topic is analyzing the old texts of Mou Zongsan (1909-1995) and Tang Junyi (1901-1978), arguably among the most productive Confucian philosophers of the 20th century, on the relationship between democracy and Confucianism ( Fröhlich 2010 ). This study approaches

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Not All the Past Needs To Be Used: Features of Fidesz’s Politics of Memory

, dimensions. Since its aim is to “play the conflictual past in today’s political competitions” ( Mink & Bonnard 2010 , 7), this politics is weaponized for conflicts at both infra-national and international levels. Clearly, drawing a clear-cut border between these two aspects would be a rather quixotic task. However, although this is just an ideal–typical distinction, analyzing the internal and the external dimensions as two distinct layers that are affected by the politics of memory allows us to identify different patterns and narratives that collectively form the whole

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Between Language Revitalization and Assimilation: On the Language Situation of the German Minority in the Czech Republic

focuses on the linguistic situation of the German minority. The primary aim of the paper is to discuss the necessity of revitalizing the German language in the Czech Republic. Secondarily, we seek to define strategies that might be used to revitalize German as a mother tongue. Although representatives of the German minority often deal with this issue, it has not been described or studied academically thus far. In the following discussion, we build on our previous investigations on the situation of the German minority after 1989 (especially Kreisslová/Novotný 2015 ), as

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“This is a Controlled Invasion”: The Czech President Miloš Zeman’s Populist Perception of Islam and Immigration as Security Threats

newspapers, disinformation websites, or in his own television show. Throughout the course of his whole political career, Miloš Zeman has been known for generating strong statements often made on a personal level. He has handed out various labels to his political opponents, which have often been borderline or blatantly vulgar (which is typical of populism; cf. Tarchi 2016 ). Previously, during the direct election, he highlighted this system of elections with the argument that, contrary to politicians, the people are incorruptible. Even despite this populist rhetoric aimed

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Divided National Identity in Moldova

identities after the annexation of foreign territories were successful in some cases, e.g., the division of ethnic Karels from the Finns and the splitting of North Caucasian Circassians into Adyghean, Cherkess, Kabardian, and Shapsug ethnic groups. Moldovan Romanians were also in a similar position. This work is constructed as a qualitative research, which aims to “understand the unique examined phenomenon in the historical and cultural contexts in which it is set. The purpose of the research is not to reach conclusions applicable for further cases, but is an effort to

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