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National Identity Formation in Pakistan: Analysis of the Anti-Secular Narrative

, Daily Awaz, Daily Waqt, The News and Pakistan Times . Nawa-i-waqt owns Waqt News TV and publishes newspapers by the names of The Nation (English) and Nawa-e-Waqt (Urdu). The News is the largest English daily, with a circulation of 138,000–144,000 per day, and Nawa-e-Waqt is the second largest Urdu newspaper after Daily Jang , with a daily circulation of >0.5 million copies ( Shah 2010 , 1). A total of 30 relevant statements were collected from both newspapers for the years 2000 and 2002. 3 Results and discussion The aim of this section is to

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Implications of Lived and Packaged Religions for Intercultural Dialogue to Reduce Conflict and Terror

several forms. This paper argues that successful ICD would engage all forms of religions and religiosity to achieve the aims of enhancing mutual respect and decreasing intergroup tension and peace. One distinction that has gained attention arises from the fact that religions can be seen to be ‘contained and packaged’on the one hand and ‘lived’on the other ( McGuire, 2008 ; Woodhead, 2011 ). Recent attempts to define religion have increasingly added ‘spirituality’ to capture some of the breadth of what is encountered when observing people as they make meaning, negotiate

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Contemporary Citizenship: Four Types

could be greatly improved by competition and by an emphasis on freedom of choice. Citizens would no longer be mere recipients of services delivered by large, opaque and distant bureaucratic institutions; they would instead exercise choice in key areas such as education and health. In fact, this idea went back to the 1979 government of Margaret Thatcher, who wanted to ‘roll back the state’ and give more power (in the form of consumer choice) to the individual. With the rise of public choice theory, the aim was to make state bureaucracies more efficient and more

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