The aim of this paper is twofold: firstly, to present a critique of mainstream transport thinking based on the so-called ‘mobilities turn’, and secondly to connect this to a design perspective. The aim is thus to establish this reflection based upon a theoretically informed discussion.
Contemporary urbanism is marked by radical transformations across scales, institutions, and disciplines. So-called ‘grand challenges’ related to climate change, resilience, radical demographic shifts, refugees, and the radicalisation of global competitiveness
Despite the noticeable need to undertake action designed to improve the situation of degraded urban spaces, the concept of revitalisation, also referred to as urban regeneration, has until recently been interpreted in various ways. It was primarily understood as the renovation or modernisation of buildings and public spaces. This understanding probably resulted from the lack of a comprehensive statutory definition. One of the first Polish definitions referred to urban regeneration as: ‘a process of continuous actions, the aim of which is to
forces of national economic development.
One of the objectives of Poland’s accession to the European Union was to accelerate modernisation and development processes nationally, regionally and locally. Cohesion policy measures provide a way to support these modernisation processes, and cities, especially those that should function as “development locomotives”, play a particular role in this regard.
The study aims to assess the importance of EU cohesion policy funds for urban development in Poland. The article uses cities with poviat status, which are a special kind
on both sides as a breath of fresh air, allowing each side to discover their neighbours for the first time. On a personal level the Poles started to use the new freedom for shopping. Consequently, the Germans came to perceive the Poles as competitors for the limited number of products available in a command economy ( Aischmann 2012 : 129).
However, the number of cooperation agreements increased, resulting in a more pragmatic view of each other. While the Poles perceived the economic situation in the GDR as positive, the Germans appreciated the relative freedom in