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Abstract

Decisions to invest, withdraw, or transfer capital in different foreign markets have become a fixed part of management pragmatics in contemporary companies. The results of the 2017 Global Corporate Divestment Study show that multinational enterprises (MNEs) from particular parts of the world tend to see the main reasons behind their decisions on FDI (foreign direct investment) and FD (foreign direct divestment) in a slightly different manner. Insofar as internationalization processes and FDI have been relatively thoroughly studied and discussed in world and Polish literature, the concept of de-internationalization pursued through the prism of divestment still requires further analysis and consideration. The article aims to present the general framework of the process involving FDI, FD, and the major factors behind it in Poland and Latvia. Theoretical considerations are supplemented with the analysis of statistical data coming from the UNCTAD database as well as the database of Poland’s and Latvia’s central banks, illustrating foreign investment flows. The article uses the method of critical analysis of world and Polish literature, analysis of reports on relevant issues, and desk research analysis.

through verbal action. The victims are possibly to be in bruising or trauma, death, psychological demage, developmental disorders or deprivation of rights [7]. RESEARCH METHOD This article is aimed at describing the psycho-pragmatic factors of the violence against women. The research was conducted in DKI Jakarta. Based on the record of Komnas Perempuan. DKI Jakarta was found as the highest province in Indonesia with the violence against women. There were three places as the sample, namely Jakarta Timur, Jakarta Barat, and Jakarta Utara. These three areas

influenced by his father’s business and agricultural background, as well as his two years training for priesthood. In unpacking the philosophy that governed Smiddy’s actions in later chapters, Sagarra concludes that Smiddy was a ‘social philosopher, Catholic, democrat and nationalist’. Chapter One outlines Smiddy’s early childhood with the aim of considering how it would influence his later contributions. Cork during Smiddy’s childhood was described as a ‘commercial rather than industrial’ city, and his father was a successful farmer–victualler, such that Smiddy

early detection known as 'Breast Self Examination' (BSE). This study aims to measure the effect of BSE health promotion through WhatsApp and Instagram social media on increasing knowledge, attitudes, and perceived of usefulness of technology in Andalas University female students. This is Quasi experiment study with a non-equivalent pretest post test design approach to female students in non-medical faculty of Andalas University, which are divided into health promotion recipients using WhatsApp dan Instagram. Data analysis using Wilcoxon test and Mann Whitney

communist states including the People Republic of China (PRC) in 1974. His foreign policy emphasized four important pragmatic principles, which are non-aligned, neutralization, peaceful co-existence and regionalism through the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) [25]. The Zone of Peace, Freedom and Neutrality (ZOPFAN) an excellence idea initiated by Tun Abdul Razak to keep the Southeast Asia free from any form or manner of interference by the outside powers. ZOPFAN that encourages the spirit of regionalism cherished by ASEAN until today. It was at Lusana

from ASEAN-led mechanisms in achieving its national interest, Jokowi‘s first term as president illustrates how ASEAN remains to be a primary driving force behind Indonesia‘s implementation of key foreign policy objectives. This paper aims to explore practical instances where Indonesia utilizes its position as the largest ASEAN member state, both geographically and economically, to drive its agenda forward while simultaneously promotes the profile of ASEAN as an autonomous and cohesive regional organization. In order to demonstrate Indonesia‘s continuity of

of the need to ensure that the public service, like all other sectors of the economy, must ‘do more with less’, ways have had to be found to get organisations and individuals to manage better and to reward those who do. In his 1989 budget statement Mr Albert Reynolds, the Minister for Finance, took an important step in this direction when he announced plans for changes in the financial procedures governing control of departmental administrative and running costs. His aim is to allow greater delega - tion of responsibility to, and encourage greater cost