India has world’s second largest road network in terms of length with a total road length of 4.24 million km. Hot mix bituminous pavement contributes around 50% road length to this vast road network. Large scale highway construction in India, emanating from rapid development, has caused massive depletion of scarce natural aggregate. This paper addresses this problem by investigating the influences of the utilization of steel slag as a coarse aggregate on the properties of hot mix bituminous concrete. Physical characteristics of bituminous mix ingredients i.e natural aggregate, steel slag aggregate and bituminous binder were determined to find out their compliance with Ministry of Road Transport and Highway Specification for Road and Bridge Works in India. Mechanical characteristics of bituminous mixes i.e Unmodified (having natural aggregate) and Modified (having steel slag as coarse aggregate) were determined using Marshall Method of mix design.
Unmodified and Modified mixes were subjected to an array of performance tests to check out the suitability of steel slag aggregates for the preparation of high performance bituminous concrete mix. The performance tests includes, retained Marshall Stability, indirect tensile strength, static creep test, wheel-tracking test and resilient modulus test. The laboratory study confirmed the improvement in various mechanical properties of steel slag modified mixes besides reduction in temperature and moisture susceptibility.