–phosphate precipitation in compounding parenteral nutrition solutions is to plot the calcium and phosphate concentrations from a set of published graphs that is the model of the solution composition to make the best judgment of physical stability [ 4 , 6 , 7 , 8 ]. However, this step may be inconvenient for parenteral nutrition prescription and compounding. Organic phosphates have advantages over inorganic phosphates in the stability of parenteral nutrition solutions. Organic phosphates in concentrations ranging from 0 to 50 mmol/L showed no precipitation with calcium concentrations
Siwaporn Wongsen, Duangporn Werawatganon and Somying Tumwasorn
in 400 mL phosphatebuffered saline at pH 7.4 and prepared with serial dilution 10 –1 –10 –7 . A 100 mL suspension was spread on the SS agar plate that was then incubated at 37°C for 24 h. The plates of S. typhimurium with colony counts yielding approximately 30–300 colonies were selected. To confirm that the selected colonies were S. typhimurium , a triple sugar iron (TSI) slant agar test was used. A single colony of S. typhimurium from an SS agar plate was inoculated onto TSI slant agar and incubated at 37°C for 24 h. Appearance of TSI agar positive test
Sitamanats Suwanachaiy, Onanong Kulaputana and Dootchai Chaiwanichsiri
17. Bull F, Milligan R, Rosenberg M, MacGowan H. Physical activity levels of Western Australian adults 1999. Health Department of Western Australia and Sport and Recreation Way2GO. Western Australian Government, Perth, 2000.
18. Ainsworth BE, Haskell WL, Whitt MC, Irwin ML, Swartz AM, Strath SJ, et al. Compendium of physical activities: an update of activity codes and MET intensities. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2000; 32(9Suppl): s498-504.
19. Knox AJ, Morrison JFJ, Myers MF. Reproducibility of walking test results in chronic obstructive
Salwa B. El-Sobkey, Farag A. Aly and Ahmad H. Alghadir
. 1996; 16:25-33.
14. Poh H, Eastwood PR, Cecins NM, Ho KT, Jenkins SC. Six-minute walk distance in healthy Singaporean adults cannot be predicted using reference equations derived from Caucasian populations. Respirology. 2006; 11:211-16.
15. El-Sobkey SB. Influence of physical activity level on Saudi reference values of 6-minute walk test. Middle- East J Scien Res. 2013; 16:164-71.
16. Craig CL, Marshall AL, Sjostrom M, Bauman AE, Booth ML, Ainsworth BE, et al. International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country
Naiyana Aroonpruksakul, Thaniya Stimanont and Pattira Pianchob
patients scheduled for elective surgery at Siriraj Hospital ( Supplementary Table ), and determine the factors that correlated with the prevalence of inappropriate laboratory testing.
Materials and methods
This study was approved by the Institutional Review Board at Siriraj Hospital (021/2554(EC4)). The medical records of children <15 years old, who were admitted to the surgical ward for elective surgery between May and October 2010, were reviewed retrospectively.
We recorded patient demographic and clinical data including age, sex, their physical status class
Paninee Charusripan, Pranay K. Singh, David D. Pothier and John A. Pothier
The symptoms, signs, and investigations were evaluated by multiple parameters that included a history of vertigo, hearing loss, and tinnitus. Physical examination included clinical otoscopy, a head impulse test, a head-shake test, and a Dix–Hallpike test. Horizontal dynamic visual acuity (DVA) testing of 88 patients was performed by LogMAR chart testing. The reference level at rest was compared to the smallest legible line read during horizontal head shaking. A loss of lines ≥5 was considered significant. Oculomotor testing evaluated ocular
Nisakorn Vibulchai, Sureeporn Thanasilp, Sunida Preechawong and Marion E. Broome
1. LaPier TK. Functional status during immediate recovery after hospitalization for coronary heart disease. J Cardiopulm Rehab. 2003; 23:203-7.
2. Jarrell LA, Hains, SJ, Kisilevsky BS, Brown CA. Gender differences in functional capacity following myocardial infarction: an exploratory study. Can J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2005; 15:28-33.
3. Dodson JA, Arnold SV, Reid KJ, Gill TM, Rich MW, Masoudi FA, et al. Physical function and independence 1 year after myocardial infarction: observations from the
Kanisshanone Chuayruang, Jiruth Sriratanaban, Narin Hiransuthikul and Sompongse Suwanwalaikorn
-order confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to examine the patterns of inter-relationships between several constructs [ 20 ]. To test construct validity of the questionnaire, each hypothesized dimension in the questionnaire was tested separately, including (physical function (PF), symptoms (Sym), psychological well-being (Psycho), self-care management (SM), social well-being (Soc), global judgments of health (GlobH), and satisfaction with care and flexibility of treatment (Satis). Then, the overall model of PRO-DM-Thai was tested to ensure a good fit.
Applying the same dataset, the
Pawina Yennan, Areerat Suputtitada and Pongsak Yuktanandana
sway, proprioception, and maximal voluntary quadriceps contraction in patients with knee osteoarthritis and normal control subjects. Ann Rheum Dis. 2001; 60: 612-8.
10. Hinman RS, Bennell KL, Metcalf BR, Crossley KM.Balance impairments in individuals with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis: a comparison with matched controls using clinical tests. Br Soc Rheumatol. 2002; 41:1388-94.
11. Masui T, Hasegawa Y, Yamaguchi J, Kanoh T, Ishiguro N, Suzuki S. Increasing postural sway in rural-community-dwelling elderly persons with knee
Chanon Maharak, Mingkhwan Tongsakul and Chusana Suankratay
. His 6-year-old only son also had painless bilateral cervical lymphadenopathy at the same time. The patient had at that time been a worker in a rubber plantation in the Thap Put district of Phang Nga province, South Thailand. He owned pigs, ducks, and several cats.
Physical examination found a body temperature of 37.2°C, a pulse rate of 80/min, a respiratory rate of 16/min, and a blood pressure of 120/80 mm Hg. There was multiple, painless, rubbery, bilateral anterior and posterior cervical enlarged lymph nodes of approximately 1 cm. There was no hepatosplenomegaly