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Open access

Paul Marc and Ciprian Costescu

asphalt concrete. J Mater Civ Eng 2005;17:72-9. [5]. Spalding DB. Pun WM.- A review of methods for predicting heat transfer coefficients for laminar uniform property boundary layer flow. Int J Heat Mass Transfer 1999;5:239-49 [6]. Zhao J. Ai X. Li YZ. - Transient temperature fields in functionally graded materials with different shapes under convective boundary conditions. Heat Mass Transfer 2007;43:1227-32. [7]. Xu Q. Solaimanian M. - Measurement and evaluation of asphalt concrete thermal expansion and contraction. J Test

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Mihai Dicu, Isam Mirza and Flavius - Florin Pavăl

Abstract

In this paper will be presented the influence of high temperatures on asphalt street pavement in terms of the influence of temperature on permanent deformations and thus the technical condition of the streets, comparable to the effects induced on extra-urban roads.

Environmental factors are one of the mayn factors being assaulted in operation and road structures are very important in terms of the influence they can have on the state road transport technical infrastructure.

Will be presented differences between urban road structures (streets) and extra-urban (road) both in terms of construction, the demands of traffic and environmental conditions to which they are subject.

Road structures extra-urban and urban areas are required differently in terms of the environmental conditions of the location ambient different thereof, that is, when the streets they are inside localities and the built environment significantly affect road infrastructure, unlike in the case of roads where they are located just outside the settlements, reducing the effect of air currents accumulation pavement surface temperature.

To demonstrate the influence of high temperatures on the pavement were conducted laboratory tests on asphalt mixtures in order to demonstrate the occurrence of reduction of physical characteristics, with adverse implications on the performance of applications similar to traffic.

Open access

Marian Daraban

Rezumat

Articolul prezintă un studiul al rezistenţei la flambaj lateral pentru grinzile curbe utilizate la poduri.

Rezistenţa la flambaj lateral va fi evaluată printr-o analiză geometric şi fizic neliniară utilizând programul de calcul Lusas®, fară a considera imperfecţiunile de execuţie. Pentru a da veridicitate rezultatelor analitice, studiul numeric se va realiza pe unul din modelele fizice prezentate în lucrarea [1] care pune la dispoziţie valori ale încercărilor experimentale.

Geometria modelului fizic din lucrarea [1] se bazează pe o analiză dimensională a grinzilor curbe „I” utilizate în mod frecvent la poduri. Modelul fizic este alcătuit din două grinzi I curbe, dublu simetrice, prevăzute cu antretoaze şi contravântuiri la nivelul tălpilor. De antretoazele de capăt sunt sudate pe direcţia axei curbe două console scurte de lungime e .

Schema statică a structurii este grinda simplu rezemată cu console, ale cărei aparate de reazem sunt dispuse pe direcţia coardei. Consolele scurte vor fi încărcate cu prese hidraulice la o forţă P care are ca efect în grinda principală un moment încovoietor uniform având valoarea P *e şi forţă tăietoare zero.

Pentru analiza neliniară s-a folosit formularea Total Lagrange, împreună cu utilizarea metodei lungimii arcului modificat formulată de Crisfield. De asemenea s-a considerat comportarea neliniară a materialului.

Evaluarea rezistenţei la flambaj lateral constă în determinarea momentului încovoietor critic pentru care grinda îşi pierde stabilitatea. Comparaţia rezultatelor numerice cu cele experimentale preluate, confirmă posibilitatea evaluării numerice a rezistenţei la flambaj lateral pentru grinzile curbe.

Open access

Cătălina Lixandru, Mihai Dicu, Carmen Răcănel and Adrian Burlacu

, preparation and implementation work. (Revised AND 605-2013); [9]. SR EN 13108-1 Bituminous mixtures. Material specifications. Part 1: Asphalt Concrete; [10]. SR EN 933-1 Tests for geometrical proprieties of aggregates. Part 1: Determination of particle size distribution - sieving method; [11]. SR EN 12697-12 Bituminous mixtures. Test methods for hot mix asphalt. Part 12: Determination of the water sensitivity of specimen; [12]. SR EN 12697-23 Bituminous mixtures. Test methods for hot mix asphalt. Part 23

Open access

Ahmed F. Al-Tameemi, Yu Wang and Amjad Albayati

Mixes”, in SPT 1147 Effects of Aggregates and Mineral Fillers on Asphalt Mixtures Performance, ed. By R. C. Meininger, ASTM, Philadelphia PA, 107-130. 1992. [7]. ASTM, “Road and Paving Materials, Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Volume 04.03”, American Society for Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, USA. 2004. [8]. BAIG, M. G., “Laboratory Evaluation of Hedmanite and Lime Modified Asphalt Concrete Mixes”, M.Sc. Thesis, Civil Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. 1995. [9

Open access

Arkadiusz Denisiewicz, Krzysztof Kula, Tomasz Socha and Grzegorz Kwiatkowski

REFERENCES 1. Denisiewicz A., Kuczma M.: Two-scale modelling of reactive powder concrete. Part III: experimental tests and validation , Engineering Transactions, 63 , 1, (2015), 55-76. 2. Kaszyńska M.: BWW: Możliwości, cechy, zastosowania , XVII Ogólnopolska Konferencja Warsztat Pracy Projektanta Konstrukcji, Ustroń, 2002. 3. Ma J., Orgass F., Dehn F., Schmidt D., Tue N.V.: Comparative Investigations on Ultra-High Performance Concrete with and without Coarse Aggregates , International Symposium on Ultra High Performance Concrete, Kassel

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Arkadiusz Denisiewicz, Tomasz Socha, Krzysztof Kula and Marcin Pasula

REFERENCES 1. Denisiewicz A., Kuczma M.: Two-scale modelling of reactive powder concrete. Part III: experimental tests and validation , Engineering Transactions, 63 , 1, (2015), 55-76. 2. Fish J., Yu Q.: Two-scale damage modeling of brittle composites , Composites Science and Technology, 61 (2001), 2215–2222. 3. Orgass M., Klug Y.: Fibre Reinforced Ultra-High Strength Concretes , International Symposium on Ultra High Performance Concrete, Kassel, Germany, 2004. 4. Richard P., Cheyrezy M., Composition of Reactive Powder Concretes

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Wanda Kokoszka, Izabela Skrzypczak and Krzysztof Wilk

Abstract

The Miocene deposits of the Carpathian Foredeep are relatively poorly recognized in geotechnical terms. The article analyzes the properties of the Krakowiec clays of the Przemyśl region, in particular physical and deformation parameters. In this part of the Carpathian Foredeep, clay usually occurs at considerable depth under younger Quaternary deposits. Particular attention was paid to the structural characterization of the tested samples. Structural heterogeneity of the studied clay, noticeable already at the stage of macroscopic studies, causes difficulties in conducting laboratory tests of strength parameters, especially the angle of internal friction and cohesion. The specific, layered, claysilt structure may cause difficulties in assessing load-bearing capacity and stability of the ground made of this type of soil. The unusual structure should draw attention of the contractors of geological-engineering and geotechnical documentation and encourage them to check mechanical properties by testing material with direct methods. An important issue is also forecasting changes in strain parameters in relation to the estimation of the effects of settlements of engineering structures.

Open access

Clara Pinto and Carlos Eduardo Mady

REFERENCES 1. B. Sandnes, J. Rekstad.: A photovoltaic/thermal (PV/T) collector with a polymer absorber plate. Experimental study and analytical model . Sol. Energy, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 63–73, 2002. 2. G. Kosmadakis et al.: Experimental testing of a low-temperature organic Rankine cycle (ORC) engine coupled with concentrating PV/thermal collectors: Laboratory and field tests , Energy, vol. 117, pp. 222–236, 2016. 3. CRESESB - Reference Center for Solar and Wind Power Energy Sérgio S. Brito.: Solar Potential - SunData , 2018. [Online

Open access

Jijo James, Archana James, Arun Kumar, Elumalai Gomthi and Karunakaran Kamal Prasath

organic soil. Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 6, 1277–1293. [21] Azhar, ATS. et al. 2018. The Physical Behavior of Stabilised Soft Clay by Electrokinetic Stabilisation Technology. J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 995, 1–10. [22] Mohamedelhassan, E and Shang, JQ 2003. Electrokinetics-generated pore fluid and ionic transport in an offshore calcareous soil. Can. Geotech. J. 40,1185–1199. [23] Chien, S, Ou, C and Lee, Y 2010. A novel electroosmotic chemical treatment technique for soil improvement. Appl. Clay Sci. 50, 481–492. [24] BIS, IS 2720 Methods of Test for