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Jelena Petrović, Zoran Milošević and Ivan Petrović

REFERENCES 1. Barjaktarević, J. “Dimenzije ličnosti i stil ponašanja aktivnih učesnika u sportu“. Doktorska disertacija, Filozofski fakultet Sarajevo, 2001. 2. Bačanac, Ljubica and Ivica Radovanović. Vaspitanje kroz sport. Beograd: Učiteljski fakultet, 2005. 3. Višnjić, Dragoljub. Teorija i metodika fizičkog vaspitanja. Beograd: Fakultet sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja, 2004. 4. Višnjić Dragoljub, Ilić Jelena and Dragan Martinović. “Motivation for involvement, achievements in physical education and classes of male students”. in the

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Miloš Marković and Božo Bokan

-110. 6. Kant, I. (2008). Groundwork On The Metaphysic Of The Morals. Belgrade: Dereta. 7. Hosta, M. (2007). Ethics of Sports - Manifest for the 21st Century. Ljubljana: Faculty of Sports. 8. Lear, G. R. (2008). Aristotle On Moral Virtue And The Fine. In R. Kraut (Ed.), The Blackwell Guide To Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics (Pp. 116-136). Malden: John Wiley & Sons. 9. Leskosek, J. (1981). Socio-Ethical Aspects Of Sports. Fizicka Kultura, 35(1), 12-17. 10. Markovic, M., & Bokan, B. (2014). Ethics Of Physical Culture And Its Understanding By

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Viktor Pacholík and Martina Nedělová

Abstract

Introduction: The text presents the results of a study conducted in the years 2015 - 2016. The objective of the study was to examine a programme of physical activities aimed at developing children’s social skills. Methods: The research was conducted in a kindergarten. This was a deliberate choice on the basis of availability. The experimental group comprised of 24 children, the control group comprised of 11 children. A 12-lessons programme of physical activities was applied, with a frequency of 1 lesson per week. Entry and exit measurements were taken before the commencement of the programme and after its end, with the help of structured observation, CATO projective tests and interviews with teachers. The data were processed by means of a descriptive statistics level by comparing the average levels. The achieved changes in the level of social skills were subsequently displayed through percentage values. Results: The results indicate that physical activities have a positive effect on the development of children’s social skills. Although the changes are not significant, the experimental group recorded greater changes than the control group in all the evaluated areas; in terms of the overall results, it was actually more than twofold. Discussion: The results cannot be generalized. The results are only valid for our group of children. The reason is the insufficient size of the research sample. Limitations: A significantly limiting factor showed to be the low number of children in the control group. This caused a lack of balance between the two groups in terms of the number of children and their entry level. The length of the intervention program was another limit. Conclusions: Despite the limits of the study, the authors view the results as positive. The reason is the improvement in all the children’s social skills in all the monitored areas, and the more than twofold improvement by the experimental groups compared to the control group.

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Jana Goriup, Jadranka Stričević and Vida Sruk

Abstract

Introduction: Although there has been considerable discussion regarding the presence of therapeutic aspects of humour in the nurse educational programme and syllabus, little is known about the use of humour in the nurse - patient relationship and the needed topics in the Slovene educational system for nurses. From educational and medical perspectives, humour is anything that evokes laughter and it has been proven that laughter contributes to physical health. A sense of humour in nursing has a conformist, quantitative and productive importance which is manifested through the essential elements of humour: meta-communication sensitivity, personal affection for humour and emotional admissibility. As nurses spend a lot of time with patients, humour adds to the quality of their work as well as to the nurses’ satisfaction with their work with patients. The aim of this paper is to contribute to a better understanding of the significance of humour in nursing both for the employees and for the patients and to discuss humour within the framework of nursing profession in Slovenia. The specific objective of our study is to explore the attitudes of Slovenian nurses towards humour and their actual use of humour during their interaction with patients. Methods: For the purpose of this study, a quantitative research methodology was adopted. A questionnaire was used to collect data on the topic and a set of statistical analyses (frequency distribution method, the χ2 and Spearman rank correlation test) was performed on the data obtained. Results: Our study shows that Slovenian nurses are prone to the use of humour in their work and they welcome it as an integral part of their work with patients. We found that humour also enhances their sense of belonging to the nursing profession and serves as a tool for socialization. Discussion: Humour, employed in nursing can help overcome certain difficulties which nurses face in the workplace as they also try to fulfil some social objectives and get socialized via humour. These psychological-sociological features of humour stand out as cognitive and social benefits of the positive emotions of joy, the use of humour for social communication and their influence on the release of stress and coping, which draws from the ergonomics of humour as social interaction. Therefore, topics of humour in nurse education are required. Limitations: 279 Slovenian nurses with different levels of education participated in the study. Conclusions: Humour should be used by nurses since it is important in their professional interaction with patients. It can be used as a bridge between individuals and can serve as a means of individual's integration into groups, cultures and, consequently, into the society as a whole.

Open access

Petra Lajčiaková

. HENKEL, A. S. - EARLS, F. N.: The moral judgment of physical education teachers. In: Journal of teaching in physical education, vol. 4, 1985, n. 3. CHAGANTI, VINAY K., A.: Study of moral judgment competence among Indian students. In: Journal of Higher Education, vol. 7, 2012, n. 1, p. 61-73. CHATZOPOULOS, D. - MOURATIDOU, K. - KARAMAVROU, S.: Validity study of the Moral Judgment Test in Physical Education: development and preliminary validation. In: Perceptual and Motor Skills, vol. 106, 2008, n. 1, p. 51-62. KLIMEŠOVÁ, M

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Emilija Stojanović and Dragan Radovanović

REFERENCE 1. Aguilera, R., Chapman, T. E., Starcevic, B., Hatton, C. K., & Catlin, D. H. (2001). Performance characteristics of a carbon isotope ratio method for detecting doping with testosterone based on urine diols: controls and athletes with elevated testosterone/epitestosterone ratios. Clinical Chemistry , 47 (2), 292-300. 2. Ayotte, C., Goudreault, D., & Charlebois, A. (1996). Testing for natural and synthetic anabolic agents in human urine. Journal of Chromatography B: Biomedical Sciences and Applications , 687 (1), 3-25. 3. Brooks, R

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Miroljub Ivanović, Srdjan Milosavljević and Ugljesa Ivanović

Eating Among Overweight Adolescent Girls“, Journal of Adolescent Health 56–1 (2015): 25–29. 8. Carmelo La Mela, Marzio Maglietta, Saverio Caini, Giuliano P. Casu, Stefano Lucarelli, Sara Mori and Giovanni Maria Ruggiero, „Perfectionism, weight and shape concerns, and low self-esteem: Testing a model to predict bulimic symptoms“, Eating Behaviors 19 (2015): 155–158. 9. SE Jackson, F Johnson, H Croker and J Wardle, „Weight perceptions in a population sample of English adolescents: cause for celebration or concern?“ International Journal of Obesity 39

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Tracy B. E. Omorogiuwa

Abstract

This paper investigates the impacts of domestic violence against women in Benin City. The study adopts the descriptive survey research design. The population of the study comprises of all men and women in Benin City, Nigeria. Using simple random sampling technique, a sample of one hundred and seventy five participants was selected. The data collected was analyzed using the Cronbach alpha formulae for internal consistency reliability, coefficients of 0.85. The descriptive statistics; the mean and standard deviation were employed. Results showed public perception of domestic violence against women in Benin City with the test value of 2.88. Domestic violence influences separation/divorce with a test value of 2.65. The psychological effects on women account for a test value of 2.78 and the physical health issues account for a test value of 2.99. Recommendations were made based on the findings that: Constant awareness-raising as a significant approach in responding to the issues of domestic violence against women should be encouraged by helping professionals. Assistance provision for victims, interventions measures with abusers and the proper interpretation of policies in response to the phenomenon.

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Semei Coronado, Salvador Sandoval-Bravo, Pedro Luis Celso-Arellano and Ana Torres-Mata

. IEEE Transactions on Education , 47 (4), 459–466. https://doi.org/10.1109/TE.2004.825053 Lord, F. (1980). Applications of item response theory to practical testing problems . Hillsdale, NJ: Routledge. Marie, S. M. J. A., & Edannur, S. (2015). Relevance of item analysis in standardizing an achievement test in teaching of physical science. Journal of Educational Technology , 12 (3), 30–36. McDonald, M. (2017). The nurse educators guide to assessing learning outcomes . Burlington,MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning. Miller, M. D., Linn, R., & Gronlund, N

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N. N. Ubachukwu and C. N. Emeribe

Abstract

The study investigated the socio-economic impacts of the 2012 flooding in the riverine areas Isoko south Local Government area, Delta State. Two communities Oleh and Aviara which were greatly affected by the flood event were selected for the study. Both purposive and simple random sampling techniques were adopted in the survey. A total of two hundred questionnaire were distributed to household heads, famers, community and religious leaders, one hundred per community. Impacts on building/household property, financial cost of damage, impact on small farm holders, damage on school infrastructures, diseases distributed were used as impact indicators. The study showed that displacement of family members for a period of 3-4months recorded the highest impact with Oleh and Aviara communities scoring impact level of 34% and 36.6% respectively. This was followed by submergence of farmland/lost of valuable household property, 27.7% in Oleh community and 23.6% Aviara community. Death/major injury during the flood event recorded least impact of 8.5% in Oleh and 3.2% in Aviara communities. On the average these impacts were valued at between one and two million naira (N). Analysis of impact on small farm holders showed that monthly income groups between <50,000 and 100,000 naira(N) were worst hit by the flood event. These groups are mostly subsistent farmers including snail farmers, poultry owners. The study revealed that schools were closed down for a period of 2-3months while collapsed of bridges was a leading cause of disruption in school activities with impact scores of 22.2% and 18.8% in Oleh and Avaira communities respectively. Analysis of disease distribution showed that malaria fever ranked highest, 33.1% in Oleh and 41.9% in Avaira respectively. This was followed by Diarrhoea, 22.6% in Oleh and Typhoid fever, 22.1% in Aviara. Bearing the losses was a common response approach to the flood disaster in the sampled communities with scores of 30.9% in Oleh and 27.6% in Aviara community. Structural modification ranked second with impact score of 16.5% in Oleh and migration to alternative location 16.3% in Avaira. Least response approach was construction of Monkey Bridge, 4.2% in Oleh and 4.1% in Avaira. Analysis of underlying cause of vulnerability showed that over reliance on government intervention thus doing little was main cause of vulnerability in Oleh, 25%, while in Avaira the main cause of vulnerability was attitude/cultural belief, 20.4%. The geographical locations of these communities also increase their vulnerability to flood by 22.9% in Oleh and 19.4% in Aviara. Result of student t test at 0.05 level of significance showed that the impact of the 2012 flooding in study area was similar in terms of damage to physical property, financial cost of impact, damage to school infrastructures and disease distribution. However, significant variation was observed in the two communities in terms of impacts on small farm holders. The study recommends land zoning in the framework of urban planning and regulation of urban development with a view to reducing the vulnerability of future flooding especially in the light recent global warming and climate change.