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Antti-Tuomas Pulkka

, as well as physiological screening. Undergraduate studies (Bachelor of Military Science) last 3 years and include a combination of academic and vocational studies. Part of their training is, naturally, very physical and students need to complete certain fitness tests during their studies in order to graduate. 2.2 Measures Achievement goal orientations were assessed using a modified questionnaire ( Niemivirta 2002 ; also refer Tuominen-Soini et al. 2012 ; Pulkka and Niemivirta 2013 ; Tapola et al. 2014 , for studies that have used the original

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Ricardo G. Lugo, Stefan Sütterlin, Benjamin J. Knox, Øyvind Jøsok, Kirsi Helkala and Natalie Marie Lande

). Typical situations in action and training are scenarios marked by time pressure, high complexity, simultaneous and causally unrelated or related events in both the cyber domain and the physical domain, as well as incomplete or potentially deceptive information on which quick decisions and actions have to be based. However, often acting is considered to be not optimal, even where time pressure persists. Acting counterintuitively in relation to time and initiating reflective problem solving – even where more intuitive and spontaneous decision tendencies are strong

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Robert Buch, Reidar Säfvenbom and Ole Boe

References Adler, AB, Thomas, JL & Castro, CA 2005, "Measuring Up: Comparing Self-Reports With Unit Records for Assessing Soldier Performance", Military Psychology, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 3-24. Aiken, LS & West, SG 1991, Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions, Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA. Bandura, A 1977, Social learning theory, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ. Bandura, A 1986, Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood

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Helga Myrseth, Olav Kjellevold Olsen, Einar Kristian Borud and Leif Åge Strand

, and often). Cronbach’s alpha for the RULS-8 in this study was 0.69. The Hopkins Symptom Checklist – 5 (SCL-5; Tambs and Moum 1993 ) is a short form of the Hopkins Check List (SCL-25; Hesbacher et al. 1980 ) used for measuring symptoms of depression and anxiety, and it has demonstrated high correlations ( r = 0.92) with the original version ( Tambs and Moum 1993 ). Cronbach’s alpha for the SCL-5 in the current study was 0.74, and it was 0.59 and 0.69 for the subscales anxiety and depression, respectively. The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test – Alcohol

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Aida Alvinius, Alicia Ohlsson and Gerry Larsson

between resources and tasks, resulting in psychological distress among coworkers. Such a consequence at the individual level can result in stress and sick leave, which, in turn, may lead to deficient competency and a further lack of resources. The effects of OA can also lead to long work days, increased workloads, shorter breaks and a growing culture and norm of individuals feeling that they have, quite simply, too much to do ( Theorell 2002 ). One can say that in the long term, a major consequence of resource cuts is physical and psychological damage in organizational

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Helga Myrseth, Sigurd William Hystad, Reidar Säfvenbom and Olav Kjellevold Olsen

to investigate whether the cadets’ levels of self-efficacy impact the levels of specific military skills. We hypothesized that levels of self-efficacy will predict levels of military skills over the three years. 2 Methods 2.1 Sample and procedure The data for this study were collected as part of the Norwegian Military Academy Study, 2007–2011. Cadets attending the three different military academies in Norway (the Naval Academy, the Air Force Academy, and the Army Academy) were selected on both physical and psychological parameters, with the aim of the

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Galina Ivanova

References [1] Testing the effects of changes in temperature - BDS EN 60068-2-14:2009, Test N: Change of temperature [2] Testing the effects of reduced atmospheric pressure - BDS EN 60068-2-13:2003, Test М: Low air pressure

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Marcel Pomohaci and Ioan Sabin Sopa

R eferences Arnold, P. (1979). Meaning in movement, sport and physical education , London: Heinemann. Dragnea, A. (2000). Teoria educaţiei fizice şi sportului , Bucureşti: Editura Cartea Școlii. Epuran, M. (1998). Aspecte ale socializării în sport, Conferinţa Știinţifică Naţională a CSSR. Activităţile fizice şi sportive – socializare şi performanţă , Bucureşti. Haywood, K. & Getchell, N. (2001). Life span motor development (3 rd edition), Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. Magnane, G. (1964), Sociologie du sport , Paris: Gallimard

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Juliusz Piwowarski and Wojciech Czajkowski

Abstract

In the presented research project we observed the influence of physical culture on the level of security culture, on personality, behavioural and axiological determinants of individual’s functioning in the context of physical activity under threatening conditions. We focused on testing of a group of people who were trained to act in the roles closely professionally related to security, including to hand-to-hand combat. It was assumed that their personality will develop in the direction of specific characteristics associated with security culture and display these characteristics. Considering this issue we took a securitological perspective focusing in particular on the first (of three: mental, organizational and material) dimension of security culture. In the research we referred the issue of personality and normative modifications of behaviour. We also touched on the subject of interpretation of people’s behaviour in the axiological categories which are essential for the full image of martial arts

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Sebastian Emanuel Stan

Abstract

The results of literature analysis confirm the strategic value of intangible resources in creating wealth and conferring competitive advantages to nations. However, there are few academic papers related to intangible resources at country level. At national level, economic growth is increasingly based on knowledge and other intangible resources than on physical ones. To test this hypothesis in Romania, this article analyses how intangible resources influence economic growth, and correlation indices between different types of intangible resources and gross domestic product value are calculated. The analysis shows that there are very strong positive correlations between GDP and most of the intangible resource variables. Despite the importance of intangible resources at national level and the fact that they are an important factor in determining economic growth in the current knowledge-based economy, Romania's position in the international context regarding intangible assets is very weak, with many weak points in research and innovation performance compared to other EU Member States. Therefore, there is a need in our country to re-evaluate the areas where all efforts need to be focused to stimulate innovation performance, to properly manage national intangible resources, a crucial process for improving the quality of life