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Eliza-Olivia Lungu, Ana Maria Zamfir and Cristina Mocanu

: Theories, Concepts, and Findings . USA: Oxford University Press. Kambourov, G. and I. Manovskii (2009) ‘Occupational Specificity of Human Capital’. International Economic Review , 50(1): 63-115. Newman, M. E. J. (2010) Networks: An Introduction . Oxford University Press. Matthew, O. J. (2008) Social and Economic Networks , Princeton: Princeton University Press. McCall, B. P. (1988) ‘Occupational Matching: A Test of Sorts’. Working Papers 617, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section. Milo, R., S. Shen

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Andreas Klärner, Sylvia Keim and Holger von der Lippe

References Aartsen, Marja J., van Tilburg, Theo, Smits, Carolien H. M., & Knipscheer, Kees C. P. M. (2004). “A Longitudinal Study of the Impact of Physical and Cognitive Decline on the Personal Network in Old Age.” Journal of Social and Personal Relationships 21(2): 249–66. doi: 10.1177/0265407504041386. Antonucci, Toni C. 1986. “Measuring Social Support Networks: Hierarchical Mapping Technique.” Generations 10(4): 10–12. Belsky, Jay and Michael Rovine. 1984. “Social-Network Contact, Family Support, and the Transition to Parenthood

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Valérie-Anne Ryser, France Weaver and Judite Gonçalves

. Human Relation 7(2): 117–140. Freedman, Vicki A., Frank Stafford, Norbert Schwarz, Frederick Conrad, and Jennifer C. Cornman. 2012. Disability, Participation, and Subjective Wellbeing Among Older Couples. Social Science and Medicine 74(4): 588–596. Gana, Kamel, Nathalie Bailly, Yaël Saada, Michèle Joulain, Raphaël Trouillet, Catherine Hervé, and Daniel Alaphilippe. 2013. Relationship Between Life Satisfaction and Physical Health in Older Adults: A Longitudinal Test of Cross-Lagged and Simultaneous Effects. Health Psychology 32(8): 896

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Geoffrey Brahm Levey

the terms of Australian multiculturalism were actually respected. To support these arguments, I analyse two prominent cases in recent political history. The first is the 2006 clash between John Howard’s conservative government and the Ethnic Communities’ Council of Victoria (ECCV) over the introduction of a citizenship test. The second case concerns the attempt by Tony Abbott’s conservative government during 2013–14 to reform the anti-vilification provisions of the Racial Discrimination Act 1975 (Cth). The cases highlight how Australia’s multiculturalism regime is

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Fethi Mansouri, Amelia Johns and Vince Marotta

confidence, as well as encourage resilience towards more negative encounters and influences both ‘online’ and ‘offline’ (refer pp. 30–35). Transnational affiliations, which also underpin digital media use and engagements of an increasing number of young citizens, have been found in the literature to be predominantly protective as they enhance points of belonging and underscore a sense of global community and connectedness. However, the embrace of diversity may be fragile or changeable and it can be tested by economic crisis and political conflict. Multiple networks and

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Tracy B. E. Omorogiuwa

Abstract

This paper investigates the impacts of domestic violence against women in Benin City. The study adopts the descriptive survey research design. The population of the study comprises of all men and women in Benin City, Nigeria. Using simple random sampling technique, a sample of one hundred and seventy five participants was selected. The data collected was analyzed using the Cronbach alpha formulae for internal consistency reliability, coefficients of 0.85. The descriptive statistics; the mean and standard deviation were employed. Results showed public perception of domestic violence against women in Benin City with the test value of 2.88. Domestic violence influences separation/divorce with a test value of 2.65. The psychological effects on women account for a test value of 2.78 and the physical health issues account for a test value of 2.99. Recommendations were made based on the findings that: Constant awareness-raising as a significant approach in responding to the issues of domestic violence against women should be encouraged by helping professionals. Assistance provision for victims, interventions measures with abusers and the proper interpretation of policies in response to the phenomenon.

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Semei Coronado, Salvador Sandoval-Bravo, Pedro Luis Celso-Arellano and Ana Torres-Mata

. IEEE Transactions on Education , 47 (4), 459–466. https://doi.org/10.1109/TE.2004.825053 Lord, F. (1980). Applications of item response theory to practical testing problems . Hillsdale, NJ: Routledge. Marie, S. M. J. A., & Edannur, S. (2015). Relevance of item analysis in standardizing an achievement test in teaching of physical science. Journal of Educational Technology , 12 (3), 30–36. McDonald, M. (2017). The nurse educators guide to assessing learning outcomes . Burlington,MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning. Miller, M. D., Linn, R., & Gronlund, N

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N. N. Ubachukwu and C. N. Emeribe

Abstract

The study investigated the socio-economic impacts of the 2012 flooding in the riverine areas Isoko south Local Government area, Delta State. Two communities Oleh and Aviara which were greatly affected by the flood event were selected for the study. Both purposive and simple random sampling techniques were adopted in the survey. A total of two hundred questionnaire were distributed to household heads, famers, community and religious leaders, one hundred per community. Impacts on building/household property, financial cost of damage, impact on small farm holders, damage on school infrastructures, diseases distributed were used as impact indicators. The study showed that displacement of family members for a period of 3-4months recorded the highest impact with Oleh and Aviara communities scoring impact level of 34% and 36.6% respectively. This was followed by submergence of farmland/lost of valuable household property, 27.7% in Oleh community and 23.6% Aviara community. Death/major injury during the flood event recorded least impact of 8.5% in Oleh and 3.2% in Aviara communities. On the average these impacts were valued at between one and two million naira (N). Analysis of impact on small farm holders showed that monthly income groups between <50,000 and 100,000 naira(N) were worst hit by the flood event. These groups are mostly subsistent farmers including snail farmers, poultry owners. The study revealed that schools were closed down for a period of 2-3months while collapsed of bridges was a leading cause of disruption in school activities with impact scores of 22.2% and 18.8% in Oleh and Avaira communities respectively. Analysis of disease distribution showed that malaria fever ranked highest, 33.1% in Oleh and 41.9% in Avaira respectively. This was followed by Diarrhoea, 22.6% in Oleh and Typhoid fever, 22.1% in Aviara. Bearing the losses was a common response approach to the flood disaster in the sampled communities with scores of 30.9% in Oleh and 27.6% in Aviara community. Structural modification ranked second with impact score of 16.5% in Oleh and migration to alternative location 16.3% in Avaira. Least response approach was construction of Monkey Bridge, 4.2% in Oleh and 4.1% in Avaira. Analysis of underlying cause of vulnerability showed that over reliance on government intervention thus doing little was main cause of vulnerability in Oleh, 25%, while in Avaira the main cause of vulnerability was attitude/cultural belief, 20.4%. The geographical locations of these communities also increase their vulnerability to flood by 22.9% in Oleh and 19.4% in Aviara. Result of student t test at 0.05 level of significance showed that the impact of the 2012 flooding in study area was similar in terms of damage to physical property, financial cost of impact, damage to school infrastructures and disease distribution. However, significant variation was observed in the two communities in terms of impacts on small farm holders. The study recommends land zoning in the framework of urban planning and regulation of urban development with a view to reducing the vulnerability of future flooding especially in the light recent global warming and climate change.

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Ahmad Alipour, Fariborz Bagheri, Mahnaz AliAkbari-Dehkordi and Fatemeh Amirabadi

; Ghafranipour, Fazlolla; Heidarnia, Alireza; Tahmasbi, Rahim (2010). Effective factors on regular physical exercise based on health improvement of women suffering from diabetes referring to Karaj diabetes association, Teb Jonoub Bimonthly, 13, 41-51. Okereke OI, Kang JH, Cook NR, et al. Type 2 diabetes mellitus and cognitive decline in two l arge cohorts of community-dwelling older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008; 56:1028- 1036. Onner K. W, Stickle T. R, Love, J., Bianchini K. J, Stanford M. S. Latent structure of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test

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Cinzia Chiandetti

References Aguiar, A., & Baillargeon, R. (1999). 2.5-month-old infants’ reasoning about when objects should and should not be occluded. Cognitive Psychology, 39 , 116–157. Baillargeon, R. (2004). Infants’ physical world. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 13 (3), 89–94. Baiocchi, V., & Chiandetti, C. (2016). Chicks run harder toward a consonant over a dissonant clucking hen: Biological roots for the appreciation of consonant sounds. In Trieste Symposium on Perception and Cognition , Trieste, Italy, November 4, P03. Bateson, P