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Adrian Cojocariu, Bogdan Ungurean and Alexandru Oprean


The present study wishes to highlight the effects of some physical training means within the preparatory phase on specific endurance-speed combined motor ability in lower limbs, in Qwan Ki Do martial art. We started from the hypothesis that using an efficient planning and adequate means it is possible to improve the combined motor ability in lower limbs, with positive effects on athletes’ efficiency.

The experiment was performed over 5 weeks. In the study were included 11 male (group 1) and 8 female (group 2) elite athletes from the Romanian Qwan Ki Do national team. The team was in the preparatory phase for participating in European Championships. The means used for the experiment included long runs with constant tempo, Fartlek runs, intermittent long, medium, and short runs and also general and specific force–endurance and endurance–speed circuits.

The results reveal a general significant progress in tests in both groups, suggesting that an adequate programme could conduct to the improvement of specific endurance-speed combination in lower limbs, which may represent an important support in athletes’ physical training.

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Ioan Sabin Sopa and Marcel Pomohaci

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Ioan Galea, Dana Negru, Viorel Petru Ardelean, Corina Dulceanu and Iustin Olariu

.G., Bernstein E.E., Hubbard J.L., et. al. (2014). Practical Guide to Measuring Physical Activity , Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 114 (2), 199-208. 28. Mackenzie B. (2005). 101 Performance, Evaluation, Test , Electric Word, 24-25.

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Ileana-Monica Popovici, Lucian Popescu and Liliana-Elisabeta Radu

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Mohammed Zerf

-based fitness assessment in young people: the ALPHA health-related fitness , Br. J. Sports Med.,45(6), 518-24. 15. Dragan C., Tamara P., Sergej O. (2013). Assessment of physical fitness in children and adolescents , Physical Education and Sport, 11(2), 135 - 145. 16. Ruiz J.R., España-Romero V., Castro-Piñero J., Castillo M.J., et. al. (2017). ALPHA-fitness test battery: health-related field-based fitness tests assessment in children and adolescents , Nutr. Hosp., 1210-1214. 17. Zerf M., Atouti N., Ben Farouk A. (2017). Abdominal obesity and their

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Andras-Jozsef Borzasi and Nada-Alexandra Arseni

References 1. Baechle T.R. (1994). Essentials of strength and conditioning , Champaign, Illionis, Human Kinetics. 43-44. 2. Bompa T. (1983). Theory and methodology of training , Dubuque IA: Kendall Hunt, 392-405. 3. Farrow D., Young W., Bruce L. (2002). The development of a test of reactive agility for netball: A new methodology , Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 8(1), 52-60. 4. Johnson B.L., Nelson J. K. (1969). Practical measurements for evaluation in physical education , Minneapolis. MN: Burgess, 65

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Anna Brytek-Matera and Anna Kozieł

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Adrian Cojocariu and Valentin Albu

References 1. The GBD 2015 Obesity Collaborators. (2017). Health Effects of Overweight and Obesity in 195 Countries over 25 Years. New England Journal of Medicine . DOI:10.1056/NEJMoa1614362. 2. (accesed at 10.09.2017). 3. Stormer S.M., Thompson J.K. (1996). Explanations of body image disturbance: a test of maturational status, negative verbal commentary, social comparison, and sociocultural hypotheses, Int J Eat Disord ., 19(2), 193-202. 4. McCabe M.P., Ricciardelli L.A. (2001). The

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Carlos-Alberto Becerra Fernandez and Rafael Merino-Marban

References 1. Chodzko-Zajko W.J., Proctor D.N., Fiatarone Singh M.A., Minson C.T., Nigg C. R., Salem G.J., Skinner J.S. (ACSM) (2009). Exercise and Physical Activity for Older Adults, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 41(7):1510-1530. 2. Borras X., Comella A., Marín F., Comella R.R., Cirera, E. (2007) Aplicabilidad de la goniometría mediante videografía en el seguimiento de programas de flexibilidad , Biomecánica, 15 (1):28-33. 3. Kanásová J. (2008). Reducing shortened muscles in 10-12-year-old boys through a physical exercise

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Vicol Eduard Șuță, Tiberiu Tătaru, Lizia Ioana Șuță and Marinela Vasile

References 1. Dragnea A. et colab. (2006). Educaţie fizică şi sport – Teorie şi didactică , Editura Fest, Bucureşti, 121-130. 2. Winnick J. P., Short F. X. (1999). The Brockport Physical Fitness Test Manual , Human Kinetics, 70-146 3. Labăr A. V. (2008). SPSS pentru științele educației , Editura Polirom, Iași, 136-145. 4. Popa M. (2008). Statistică pentru psihologie. Teorie şi aplicaţii SPSS , Editura Polirom, Iaşi, 196-212. 5. Şerbănoiu S. (2002). Lecţia de educaţie fizică , Editura AFIR, Bucureşti, 40-46.