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Muhammad Shafa, Zhiming Wang, Muhammad Yasin Naz, Sadaf Akbar, Muhammad Umar Farooq and Abdul Ghaffar

study the surface morphology, crystallinity and chemical composition of the as grown antimony film [ 10 ]. The grown film was further tested for radiation detection. The photoresponse of the film was evaluated using its current-voltage characteristics. Fig. 2 (a) Schematic of the physical vapor deposition reactor, (b) temperature gradient measured inside the furnace tube. 3 Results and discussion 3.1 Temperature gradient Before starting the growth process, it was necessary to measure the temperature gradient in the furnace tube. The furnace

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Madeeha Riaz, Rehana Zia, Farhat Saleemi, Farooq Bashir, Riaz Ahmad and Tousif Hossain

1 Introduction Glass-ceramics are polycrystalline solids, partially crystalline and partially amorphous. Due to the presence of both crystalline and residual glassy phase, glass-ceramics possess a combination of valuable properties of both glasses and ceramics [1] . Glass-ceramics have gain importance in recent years due to their remarkable dielectric, structural, mechanical [2] and biocompatible properties [3] which find application in various fields of telecommunication [4] , architecture [5] , and health care [6] . The physical and chemical

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Aloizs Lešinskis and Rafał Chatys

knowledge: Signals, signs and symbols, and their distinctions in human performance models,” IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics , vol. SMC-13, issue 3, pp. 257–266, 1983. https://doi.org/10.1109/TSMC.1983.6313160 [9] A. M. Gentile, “A working model of skill acquisition with applications to teaching,” Quest , vol. 17, pp. 3–23, 1972. https://doi.org/10.1080/00336297.1972.10519717 [10] A. M. Gentile, “Skill acquisition: Action, movement, and neuromotor processes,” in Movement science: Foundations for physical therapy , 2nd ed., H. Carr and R

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Vitālijs Pavelko and Aleksandr Nevskij

identification,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences , vol. 359, issue 1778, pp. 131–149, 2001. [9] M. N. Rezai, J. E. Bernard, and J. M. Starkey, “Empirical modal analysis,” The Shock and Vibration Digest , vol. 15, 1983. [10] D. J. Ewins, Modal Testing: Theory, Practice and Application . Baldock: Research Studies Press, UK, 2003. [11] M. W. Halling, I. Muhammad, and K. C. Womack, “Dynamic testing for condition assessment of bridge bents,” Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, vol. 127

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Oluseun Adetola Sanuade, Rasheed Babatunde Adesina, Joel Olayide Amosun, Akindeji Opeyemi Fajana and Olayiwola Grace Olaseeni

. Geological Survey Nigeria Bulletin, 40, pp. 725-731. [13] Krishanaiah, S. (2003): Centrifuge modelling of heat migration in geomaterials. Ph.D. Thesis, IIT Bombay: India. [14] Sheldrick, B.H., Wang, C. (1993): Particle size distribution. P. 499-511. In Carter (ed.) Soil sampling and methods analysis. Canadian Society of Soil Science: Lewis Publishers. Ann Arbor. [15] ASTM D7928-17 (2017): Standard test method for particle size distribution (gradation) of fine grained soils using the sedimentation (hydrometer) analysis. ASTM

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Matija Zorc, Aleš Nagode, Milan Bizjak and Borut Zorc

, W.Y.D. (2003): Review of the High-Temperature Oxidation of Iron and Carbon Steels in Air or Oxygen. Oxidation of Metals , 59(5/6), pp. 433–468. [15] De Cooman, B.C., Speer, J.G. (2011): Fundamentals of Steel Product Physical Metallurgy , Englewood: AIST, 642 p. [16] Grzesik, Z. (2003): Thermodynamics of Gaseous Corrosion. In ASM Handbook, Vol. 13A - Corrosion: Fundamentals, Testing, and Protection, Cramer, S.D., Covino Jr., B.S. (Eds.), Ohio: ASM International, Materials Park, pp. 90–96. [17] Billings, G.A. (1966): Oxidation and Decarburization

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Andrzej Sikora, Łukasz Bednarz, Tomasz Fałat, Marek Wałecki and Maria Adamowska

1 Introduction Recent progress in material science is possible due to access to advanced and complex diagnostic tools and methods. Enabling a new measurement methodologies may allow to improve the investigation procedures in terms of accuracy, speed and costs. One of the most common tests of materials, is verification of the influence of environmental conditions. One can list a number of procedures defined in the standards in order to observe the deterioration caused by the simulated solar light (i.e. PN-EN 60068-2-5:2011) as well as changing temperature

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Damian Wojcieszak, Agata Poniedziałek, Michał Mazur, Jarosław Domaradzki, Danuta Kaczmarek and Jerzy Dora

many others, due to their excellent physical and chemical properties [ 1 – 7 ]. Polymers are easy to manufacture and they are characterized by low density, flexibility and cost-effectiveness [ 8 ]. Desired surface properties of polymers such as hydrophilicity, roughness, crystallinity or conductivity are required for their successful application [ 2 , 3 ]. On the other hand, they are often unsuitable to use due to their low surface energy leading to poor wettability, adhesion, print-ability and scratch-resistance [ 1 , 8 , 9 ]. For these reasons, surface of

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Iwona Karbownik, Tomasz Rybicki, Angelika Karpińska and Helena Teterycz

physical properties. They do not differ significantly in shapes, as shown in the SEM images, however, the fibers have different colors. Mechanical strength of the fibers doped with metallic particles (PAN Ag and PAN Au ) during static stretching was not worse than that of undoped fibers (PAN). The examination of metallic nanoparticles doped fibers showed the presence of these substances in the samples. Analysis of EDS tests showed that despite using the same amounts of the metal ions precursors, the amount of silver in the element-doped fiber was significantly greater

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S. Venkatesan and M. Ramu

important role in long-term reliability problems [ 1 ]. Among different methods of titanium thin film preparation, including physical vapor deposition, plasma focus, chemical vapor deposition, electrochemical and chemical nitriding, sputtering, and ion implantation [ 1 , 5 - 17 ], direct-current (DC) magnetron sputtering is a simple and most appropriate method. However, the mechanical properties and crystallographic structure of titanium thin film in this method are strongly dependent on process parameters such as sputtering power, substrate temperature and sputtering