Hala Hammadeh, Farzat Askifi, Andrzej Ubysz, Marek Maj and Amjad Zeno
Description of the Model
Experiments were conducted using a silo model similar to the real silo. A physical model of the silo was build, and the dimension of the model was defined in proportion to the real silo. In addition to that, the material flow was also modeled in order to have an accurate result that can be applied on the real silo. The dimensional analysis theory has been considered. Through a number of steps including determining the variable affecting the studied case, the dimension of the model was determined, and 1/10 was adopted as the chosen model scale, and
Joanna Hydzik-Wiśniewska, Anna Wilk, Łukasz Bednarek and Sebastian OIesiak
method of marking the indicator for material requires to conductit after four days of soaking, which simulates unfavourable conditions of water saturation. Unfortunately, the CBR test method is laborious and time consuming [ 22 ].
This article analyses the geotechnical and physicaltest results with particular consideration of CBR of mixtures of crushed aggregate assessed for their application in road construction as subgrade layer. An attempt was also made to find the correlation between CBR ratio and other physical properties. All aggregate tests were performed at
the object were excited kinematically, with the movement of the structure’s base interpreted as an input signal in the system, being short-term and irregular. It was assumed that the theoretical model, resulting from the physical model, is a discrete system with three degrees of freedom (see Fig. 1b ) This assumption is justified by the fact that the structure of the physical model is very similar to a shear building type, in relation to which only transverse (horizontal) vibrations are considered.
The slab-and-column model: (a) physical; (b
Scientific Publishers, PWN, Warszawa 1998, (in Polish).
 KOLASA M., Geotechnical properties of loesses near Kraków, Prace Geologiczne PAN, 18, 1963, 7-84, (in Polish).
 LUNNE T., ROBERTSON P.K., POWELL J.J.M., Cone Penetration Testing in geotechnical practice, Blackie Academic and Professional, London 1997.
 ŁANCZONT M., WOJTANOWICZ J., Peryglacial zonation of silt deposits in Poland, Annales UMCS, sec. B, 54, 1999, 41-48, (in Polish).
 MALINOWSKI J., Engineering geology investigation of loesses
Bottom ash from EC Gdańsk and dredged material taken from the mouth of The Vistula were mixed to form an engineering material used for dike construction. Mixtures with different bottom ash content were tested in laboratory to determine its basic physical and mechanical properties. The optimum bottom ash-dredged material mixture, built in the corps of the test dike, contains 70% of ash. The optimum bottom ash content in the mixture was chosen taking into account high internal friction angle, good compaction and reduced filtration coefficient. The maximum dry density of the mixtures was measured in Proctor test for the mixtures formed in laboratory and on samples taken from the test dike. Minimum and maximum void ratio were also determined.
 HOFFMANN K., An Introduction to Stress Analysis and Transducer Design using Strain Gauge, HBM. Retrieved July 5, 2014, from HBM http://www.hbm.com/en/menu/tips-tricks/experimentalstress- analysis/reference-book/
 KRASIŃSKI A., Model tests of screwed piles, Proceedings of the XIV Danube-European Conference on Geotechnical Engineering. From Research to Design in European Practice, 2-4 June 2010, Bratislava.
 KRASIŃSKI A., Screw displacement piles. Interaction with non-cohesive soil
A number of synthetic pseudoacoustic impedance sections are presented in order to test the effectiveness of deconvolution process when random noise distorted the seismic traces. A simplified seismological model is created on the basis of geological data from Bytom Odrzański area in NW part of the Legnica-Głogów Copper District (LGOM). The synthetic sections are constructed for different noise levels. Acoustic impedance is one of the basic factors characterising physical features of rocks. The main idea is the inversion of seismic sections into pseudoacoustic impedance sections. All inhomogeneities of salt deposits must be predicted before the underground storage location is fixed. The accuracy and reliability of interpretation decreases when the noise in seismic data increases. It should be realised that the inversion procedure is not a unique process. So, modelling pseudoacoustic impedance sections is recommended for verification of the effectiveness of deconvolution process for the accuracy and reliability interpretation.
, 2009, Vol. 11, 129-137.
 HAN C., DRESCHER A., Shear bands in biaxial tests on dry coarse sand, Soils and Foundations, 1993, Vol. 33, No. 1, 118-132.
 HORNE M.R., The Behaviour of an Assembly of Rotund, Rigid, Cohesionless Particles. I. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A. Mathematical and Physical Sciences, 1965, Vol. 286, No. 1404, 62-78.
 HORNE M.R., The Behaviour of an Assembly of Rotund, Rigid, Cohesionless Particles. II. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A. Mathematical
 BIENIAWSKI Z.T., Time-dependent behaviour of fractured rock, Rock Mechanics, 1970, Vol. 2, 3, 123-137.
 BUKOWSKA M., Mechanical properties of carboniferous rocks in the Upper Silesian Coal Basin under uniaxial and triaxial compression tests, Journal of Mining Science, 2005, 41, No. 2, 129-133.
 BUKOWSKA M., Prognozowanie skłonności do tąpań górotworu metodą wskaźnikowej oceny geologiczno-geomechanicznej w warunkach Górnośląskiego Zagłębia Węglowego (Forecasting rock burst susceptibility of