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Ramona Iancu, Letiţia Oprean, Diana Stegăruş, Ovidiu Tiţa, Adrian Boicean and Ecaterina Lengyel

- Bacterial loads from point and nonpoint sources in an urban watershed, Journal of Environmental Engineering , 131, 10, 1414. 30. Peterson D. H., Smith R. E., Hager S. W., Harmon D. D., Herndon R. E. and Schemel L. E., 1985 - Interannual variability in dissolved inorganic nutrients in northern San Francisco Bay estuary, Hydrobiologia , 129, 37-58. 31. Pickett S. T. A., Cadenasso M. L., Grove J. M., Nilon C. H., Pouyat R. V., Zipperer W. C. and Costanza R., 2001 - Urban ecological systems: linking terrestrial ecological, physical, and

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Beata Kuziemska, Wiesław Wieremiej, Dawid Jaremko and Beata Bik

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the basic physical and chemical parameters and the total content of Fe and Ni as well as their proportion in the fractions sequenced with Bureau of Reference (BCR) procedure in the selected organic materials used as soil fertilisers: bovine manure and chicken manure from broilers and layers. The highest content of dry matter, organic carbon and total nitrogen was found in the chicken layer manure. All examined materials had a comparable, C:N ratio (10–11:1). The highest amount of iron and nickel was found in the chicken broiler manure, whereas the lowest was in the chicken layer manure. The distribution of tested metals in the fractions sequenced with BCR procedure was differentiated. In the bovine manure and chicken broiler manure, the highest amount of iron was sequenced in the residual fraction, whereas in the chicken layer manure it was in the oxidative fraction. The oxidative fraction constituted the highest proportion in the total nickel content in the bovine manure and chicken layer manure, whereas in the chicken broiler manure it was the reducible fraction.

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Jolanta Raczuk, Emilia Dziuban and Elżbieta Biardzka

Abstract

Well and piped water quality was examined out in the area of the Platerow Commune in 2008. The study examined water from 18 household wells used as a source of water for consumption and household purposes, and piped water which is abstracted from two deep wells in Platerow. Water samples for testing were taken five times. The concentrations of physical and chemical parameters such as NO3 - , PO4 3- , Cl-, Ca2+, Mg2+, total hardness and pH, EC were determined. Health risk due to the presence of NO3 - ions in drinking water consumed by people was estimated in this paper. The Platerow Commune population consuming piped water abstracted from the well located in Platerow take in nitrates in the amounts which are within the low limit of safety margin (ADI : EDI = 6.76) although their concentration in water does not exceed the standard level. People drinking water from 78% examined wells ingest excess quantities of nitrates (safety margin <1), which, in the case of long-term exposure, can be harmful particularly for infants and pregnant women. Statistical analysis revealed negative correlation of nitrate concentration in well water with well depth and water pH, which indicates that there was an influx of NO3 - ions to shallow groundwater.

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Anna Kwarciak-Kozłowska and Aleksandra Krzywicka

the biodegradability of coke processing wastewater. Archives of Waste Management and Environmental Protection vol. 17, 3: 133-142. LLOYD R.V., HANNA P.M., MASON R.P. 1997. The Origin of the Hydroxyl Radical Oxygen in the Fenton Reaction. Free Radical Biology and Medicine 22: 885–888. OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) 2011. Test No. 201: Freshwater Alga and Cyanobacteria, Growth Inhibition Test. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris. OSANTOWSKI R., GEINOPOLOS A., ROLLINGER G. 1981. Physical

Open access

Amir Faraz Ghasemi

, biota, structure, and function, Limnology and Oceanography, 43, 44-52. 7. Dumont H. J., 2000 ‒ Endemism in the Ponto-Caspian fauna, with special emphasis on the Onychopoda (Crustacea), Advances in Ecological Research, 31, 181-196. 8. Everett R. A., Rutz R. M. and Carlton J. T., 1995 ‒ Effect of oyster mariculture on submerged aquatic vegetation: an experimental test in a Pacific northwest estuary, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 123, 205-217. 9. Fauchald K. and Jumars P. A., 1979 ‒ The diet of worms: A study of

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Amir Faraz Ghasemi, Armin Jam, Mehrshad Taheri and Maryam Foshtomi

perspectives on an exotic mussel in an urbanized lagoon, Biological Invasions , 3, 23-36. 6. Essink K. and Dekker R., 2002 − General patterns in invasion ecology tested in the Dutch Wadden Sea: the case of a brackish-marine Polychaetous worm, Biological Invasions , 4, 359-368. 7. Fereidouni S., Modir Rousta H. and Azin F., 2006 − The First Report of Avian Cholera in Miankaleh Wetland, Southeast Caspian Sea, Podoces , 1, 71-75. 8. Garcia-Arberas L. and Rallo A., 2004 − Population dynamics and production of Streblospio benedicti (Polychaeta) in a non

Open access

Bożena Mrowiec

Bulletin 89: 356-366. LAMBERT S., CHRISTIAN S., WAGNER M. 2017. Ecotoxicity testing of microplastics: considering the heterogeneity of physico-chemical properties. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 13 (3): 470-475. DOI:10.1002/ieam.1901. LI J., QU X., SU L., ZHANG W., YANG D., KOLANDHASAMY P., LI D., SHI D. 2016. Microplastics in mussels along the coastal waters of China. Environmental Pollution 214: 177-184. MA Y., HUANG A., CAO S., SUN F., WANG L., GUO H. 2016. Effects of nanoplastics and microplastics on toxicity, bioaccumulation

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Marcin Becher, Krzysztof Pakuła, Joanna Pielech and Ewa Trzcińska

decomposed alder peat ( sapric) – profile 2. Samples were collected in a natural state in the course of the field work (to cylinders, d – 100 cm 3 ) in order to determine the bulk density [Bednarek et al.2004]. Soil samples collected for the study of chemical properties were dried (at the temperature of40°C) and passed through a sieve (diameter ø = 2.0 mm). The representative part of the collective sample was ground in an agate mortar (up to ø < 0.25 mm) and subjected to chemical analyses (three repetitions). Test results were compared with the absolutely dry weight

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Grit Behrens, Klaus Schlender and Florian Fehring

. The Smart Monitoring system provides an interactive user interface inside the apartments. Residents can view information about actual measured data of the air quality in their apartments and also some statistical evaluations. The developed intelligent algorithms provide a prediction of how an occupant is normally feeling by interpreting the actual sensor data. It includes a preliminary processing of measured datasets, their physical relations, statistical analysis, data reduction, targeted learning of German DIN standards and the extended learning of individual

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Aleksandra Czajkowska

1 Introduction Applicable regulations and standards relate to environmental protection and determines limit of physical quantity characterising the pollutants emission, which results from the combustion process [ Theodore…2008 ]. The current guidelines mainly achieve to check three parameters [ The regulation of the Minister for the Environment of 30 th October…2014 ]. The regulations in Poland have determined the upper end for the emission of chemical compounds such as nitrogen oxides, sulphur oxides and dust to the environment, depending on the power of