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Antti-Tuomas Pulkka

, as well as physiological screening. Undergraduate studies (Bachelor of Military Science) last 3 years and include a combination of academic and vocational studies. Part of their training is, naturally, very physical and students need to complete certain fitness tests during their studies in order to graduate. 2.2 Measures Achievement goal orientations were assessed using a modified questionnaire ( Niemivirta 2002 ; also refer Tuominen-Soini et al. 2012 ; Pulkka and Niemivirta 2013 ; Tapola et al. 2014 , for studies that have used the original

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Ricardo G. Lugo, Stefan Sütterlin, Benjamin J. Knox, Øyvind Jøsok, Kirsi Helkala and Natalie Marie Lande

). Typical situations in action and training are scenarios marked by time pressure, high complexity, simultaneous and causally unrelated or related events in both the cyber domain and the physical domain, as well as incomplete or potentially deceptive information on which quick decisions and actions have to be based. However, often acting is considered to be not optimal, even where time pressure persists. Acting counterintuitively in relation to time and initiating reflective problem solving – even where more intuitive and spontaneous decision tendencies are strong

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Robert Buch, Reidar Säfvenbom and Ole Boe

References Adler, AB, Thomas, JL & Castro, CA 2005, "Measuring Up: Comparing Self-Reports With Unit Records for Assessing Soldier Performance", Military Psychology, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 3-24. Aiken, LS & West, SG 1991, Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions, Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA. Bandura, A 1977, Social learning theory, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ. Bandura, A 1986, Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood

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Helga Myrseth, Olav Kjellevold Olsen, Einar Kristian Borud and Leif Åge Strand

, and often). Cronbach’s alpha for the RULS-8 in this study was 0.69. The Hopkins Symptom Checklist – 5 (SCL-5; Tambs and Moum 1993 ) is a short form of the Hopkins Check List (SCL-25; Hesbacher et al. 1980 ) used for measuring symptoms of depression and anxiety, and it has demonstrated high correlations ( r = 0.92) with the original version ( Tambs and Moum 1993 ). Cronbach’s alpha for the SCL-5 in the current study was 0.74, and it was 0.59 and 0.69 for the subscales anxiety and depression, respectively. The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test – Alcohol

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Aida Alvinius, Alicia Ohlsson and Gerry Larsson

between resources and tasks, resulting in psychological distress among coworkers. Such a consequence at the individual level can result in stress and sick leave, which, in turn, may lead to deficient competency and a further lack of resources. The effects of OA can also lead to long work days, increased workloads, shorter breaks and a growing culture and norm of individuals feeling that they have, quite simply, too much to do ( Theorell 2002 ). One can say that in the long term, a major consequence of resource cuts is physical and psychological damage in organizational

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Helga Myrseth, Sigurd William Hystad, Reidar Säfvenbom and Olav Kjellevold Olsen

to investigate whether the cadets’ levels of self-efficacy impact the levels of specific military skills. We hypothesized that levels of self-efficacy will predict levels of military skills over the three years. 2 Methods 2.1 Sample and procedure The data for this study were collected as part of the Norwegian Military Academy Study, 2007–2011. Cadets attending the three different military academies in Norway (the Naval Academy, the Air Force Academy, and the Army Academy) were selected on both physical and psychological parameters, with the aim of the