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Elena Valentina Stoian, Vasile Bratu, Cristiana Maria Enescu and Dan Nicolae Ungureanu

REFERENCES [1] B.V. Kovacs: AFS Trans. Vol. 89 (1981), p. 79-96. [2] E.N. Pan, M.S. Lou and C.R. Loper: AFS Trans. Vol. 95 (1987), p. 819-840. [3] L. Guerin and M. Gagne: The Foundryman Vol. 80 (1987), p. 336-344. [4] G.M. Goodrich and R.W. Lobenhofer: AFS Trans., (2007). [5] C. O. Rusănescu M. Rusănescu, F. V. Anghelina, V. Bratu, The influence of the micro-alloying elements on physical and structural characteristics of the some steel destined for manufacturing the oil pipes, Romanian Reports in Physics, Vol. 68 (1), (2016), p 278

Open access

Ileana Nicoleta Popescu, Ruxandra Vidu and Vasile Bratu

Zr–Nb alloys for biomedical application, Materials Science and Engineering C 32(4) May (2012) 851–857. [8] C.M. Cotrut, M. Tarcolea, M.D. Vranceanu, A.I. Gherghilescu, N. Ghiban, F. Baciu, I.C. Ionescu, Stainless Steel Brackets: In Vitro Corrosion Behaviour And Mechanical Debonding Test, Solid State Phenomena, 216 (2014) 187-193. [9] Robert B. Heinmann, Structure, properties, and biomedical performance of osteoconductive bioceramic coatings, Surface & Coatings Technology 233 (2013) 27–38. [11] H.F. Li, F.Y. Zhou, L. Li, Y.F. Zheng, Design and

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Ildikó Szedljak, Anikó Kovács, Gabriella Kun-Farkas, Botond Bernhardt, Szabina Králik and Katalin Szántai-Kőhegyi

Abstract

Red lentils are a very important raw material in the food industry due to their high protein content and high level of health-promoting components. The nutritive value of red lentils is the most important attribute from a research point of view; it can be increased by germination, soaking as well as physical and biochemical processes. The antinutritive materials are reduced or denatured by the germination process and indigestible components become available to the human body. Heat treatment was applied to achieve different temperatures and increase the microbiological stability of germinating samples. The effect of heat treatment on the amounts of certain components and the activity of oxidative enzymes was tested during our experiments; the nutritional characteristics (water-soluble total polyphenol content (WSTPC), water-soluble protein content (WSPC), water-soluble antioxidant capacity, in addition to peroxidase and polyphenol oxidase enzyme activities) of different treatments in red lentil samples were monitored. The WSTPC in our samples ranged from 0.726 mg Gallic Acid Equivalent GAE/g DW (DW being dry weight) to 1.089 mg GAE/g DW, and the WSPC varied from 19.078 g / 100g DW to 29.692 g / 100 g DW. Results showed that germination led to an increase in the WSTPC and WSPC. The peroxidase enzyme activity also exhibited an increase during germination which could result in deepening of the colour of the finished products. Germination resulted in the water-soluble antioxidant capacity of red lentil samples decreasing.

Open access

Gyula Dörgő and János Abonyi

.404 [25] Deb, K.; Agrawal, S.; Pratap, A.; Meyarivan, T.: A fast elitist non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm for multi-objective optimization: NSGA-II, in Parallel problem solving from nature PPSN (Eds.: Schoenauer VI, M.: Deb, K.; Rudolph, G.; Yao, X.; Lutton, E.; Merelo, J. J.; Schwefel, H.-P., Springer, Berlin, Germany) 2000 pp. 849–858 DOI: 10.1007/3-540-45356-3_83 [26] Deb, K.: Multi-objective genetic algorithms: problem difficulties and construction of test problems, Evolut. Comp., 1999 7 , 205–230 DOI: 10.17877/DE290R-5636 [27] Song, L.: NGPM

Open access

Afia Asif, Saed Khawaldeh, Muhammad Salman Khan and Ahmet Tekin

microfluidics system for exploiting and obtaining molecular level waves with good spatial and temporal resolution. A great contribution was made by Rustem F. Ismagilov et al . [ 5 ], by presenting the novel idea of SlipChip in 2009. SlipChip is a system allowing to implement multiplexed practical tests and it also guarantees a control over the material available inside, given that it is a device based on the plugging concept. It opened the new avenues of research in microfluidics by initiating the ideas of multiplex solution extractions. Another unique service has been

Open access

Mirele S. Mialich, Bruna R. Silva and Alceu A. Jordao

light clothing and no socks and care was taken to verify that their heels were correctly aligned with the electrodes of the measuring platform. Next, the subjects held retractable levers with electrodes from which electric signals were emitted, traveling through the body. The subjects were instructed to come after a fast of at least 5 hours, to avoid vigorous physical activity during the last 12 hours, to abstain from alcoholic or caffeine-containing beverages 24 hours before the exam, to wear light clothing, and to urinate 30 minutes before the beginning of the

Open access

Dindar S. Bari, Haval Y. Yacoob Aldosky, Christian Tronstad, Håvard Kalvøy and Ørjan G. Martinsen

patient to rate her or his pain from 0 to 10 on a numerical rating scale (NRS) with the understanding that 0 is equal to no pain and 10 is equal to the worst pain imaginable [ 17 ]. Pain is a highly unpleasant physical sensation, which occurs because of the stimulation of pain receptors at the ends of nerves. The stimulation causes sodium to enter the nerve ending, which causes an electrical signal to build up in the nerve. When this electrical signal is large enough, it passes along the nerve to the brain, where the signal is interpreted as pain. Accurate assessment

Open access

Oliver Pabst

, dependent on the sign of the applied voltage (or current) and the corresponding pinched hysteresis loop in the V-I plot is transversal [ 22 ]. The stratum corneum memristor experiences a memductance increase independent of the sign of the applied voltage and its pinched hysteresis loop is tangential [ 22 ]. The functioning of the here implemented memristor bridge depends on the physical conditions of the skin. If the galvanic contact through the sweat ducts is given under both corresponding electrodes (CC1 and CC2, see Fig. 1c) , similar functioning as in [ 15 , 16

Open access

Natália T. Bellafronte, Marina R. Batistuti, Nathália Z. dos Santos, Héric Holland, Elen A. Romão and Paula G. Chiarello

Introduction Overweight and obese individuals have a body composition similar to those with chronic kidney disease (CKD): increased body fat sometimes added to lean mass depletion [ 1 , 2 ]. These conditions have a negative effect on physical capacity and are related to a higher risk of mortality [ 1 , 3 ] and lower life expectancy [ 4 ]. Thus, body composition assessment is important for these subjects. However, presence of edema and excess fat limit the application of classic methodologies, such as anthropometry [ 5 ]. Moreover, reference methods are

Open access

Fred J. Pettersen

defined in section 1 , which is a problem since the engineering definition is what we actually need when evaluating a measurement system. To get around this problem, we use a synonym of the word sensitivity, perceptivity, to which we attach the engineering definition of sensitivity. Described in mathematical terms as (4) Ψ = δ Z δ p $$\mathbf{\Psi }=\frac{\delta \mathbf{Z}}{\delta p}$$ where Ψ is perceptivity, δ Z is change in measured impedance, and δ p is change in the phenomenon we want to test perceptivity against. Since an impedance change is