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Gökçen Firdevs Yücel Caymaz


Bus shelters, which form a part of daily lives of people, generally provide service as small areas of urban space created for short-term periods of waiting. From the perspective of spatial design, it is important that an environment of good quality is provided for users of bus-shelters. This study proposed hypotheses to research how the physical design of bus shelters (location-accessibility, anthropometric characteristics, roofing and walls, lighting, electronic information, seating, etc.) affected general satisfaction of their users. To establish users’ general satisfaction, direct observation was performed and the hypotheses were tested through surveys conducted at bus-shelters selected in two areas of Istanbul (Ataköy-Beşyol) with different economic levels, and an assessment was made of the users’ satisfaction analyses and related problems of bus shelter design. In the conclusion, it was established that there is a significant correlation between general satisfaction and, among other things, the perceived degree of difficulty in getting on and off buses, the harmonization of bus shelter design with the surroundings, the adequacy of a shelter for summer use, the comfort of a shelter, the adequacy of seating, and the extent to which the shelter is maintained.

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Katarzyna Goch, Szymon Ochota, Monika Piotrkowska and Zuzanna Kunert

, 30 min, 45 min, 60 min and 90 min travel time to the destination. The test was performed within the morning rush hours, 6:00–9:00 a.m., on a working day ( Fig. 5 ). Deviations in the operation of public transport were analysed using population data from 2011, derived from the geostatistics portal ( Geostatistics portal …), which is divided into census blocks. The area of high population density was later used to select high population density areas and low public transport time accessibility was identified with the use of the public transit time accessibility

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Nick Bailey, Joanna L. Stewart and Jon Minton

( Kneebone & Berube 2014 ). On the other hand, suburbanisation may offer low income households new opportunities. The suburbs have usually been portrayed as aspirational locations and places of social advantage, both in terms of social composition and in terms of the physical and social amenities they can offer. The physical environment may be better due to lower densities which lead to lower air pollution or better provision of green space. And while access to specialist services explicitly for low income groups may be worse, the quality of general public services may

Open access

Kasphia Nahrin

population of the city. This city has 10.28 million population (in 2010) with a population growth rate of approximately 4 percent. Rajdhani Unnayan Kartipakkha [RAJUK] (the Capital Development Authority) is the special development agency that retains the authorisation power and responsibilities for physical planning and development control in the Dhaka Metropolitan Area [DMA], while the municipal organisations such as City Corporations, Pourashavas (local municipal governments), and utility service-providing organisations have discretionary powers. RAJUK is