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Daniela Jacob

Tests der eingesetzten Klimamodelle. Diese Modelle sind entwickelt worden, um das Klima der letzten Jahrzehnte möglichst genau simulieren zu können. Nur für diese wenigen Jahrzehnte sind genügend umfangreiche direkte Beobachtungen von Atmosphäre und Ozean verfügbar, die eine genaue Prüfung von Klimamodellen erlauben. Der Rechtfertigung für den Einsatz dieser Modelle in geänderten Klimabedingungen beruht also allein auf dem Erfolg dieser Modelle in der Simulation des Klimas der letzten Jahrzehnte. Die durch geänderte Klimabedingungen, z.B. erhöhtem CO 2 – Gehalt in

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Acting on Multiple Stages

How Musical Actors Construct Their Labour-Market Vulnerability and Resilience

Oliver Ibert and Suntje Schmidt

positioning a residential building as the central entity. The degree and nature of the threat posed by fire are based on associations of this entity with social groupings (e.g. membership of a volunteer fire brigade), building materials (e.g. a thatched roof increases the hazard of fire), institutional safeguards (fire policies) and physical safety measures (fire doors). This terminological interpretation avoids any antagonism between "social" and "material" entities by positioning all constructional elements on the same analytical level. The challenge consists in precisely

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Markus Hesse, Jan Polívka and Christa Reicher

disadvantageous locality of suburbs and their demographic and physical ageing, a change in the preferences of major groups that determine the demand for housing, and also changing patterns of governance in cities and suburbs. This recent suburban discourse is welcome as it adds to urban debates that have been unbalanced given their strong emphasis on inner cities and re-urbanisation. Nonetheless, the new suburban discourse appears selective as yet, as it mostly focuses on suburban housing and, quite substantially, on single-family homes (see e.g. Wüstenrot-Stiftung 2012

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Stefan Greiving, Mark Fleischhauer, Timo Tarvainen, Philipp Schmidt-Thomé and Jaana Jarva

carry out a TIA has been developed. The presented methodology, however, aims at taking into account the listed minimum requirements. Specifically, it refers to existing and relevant policy interventions and identifies cause-effect chains of policies and considers different spatial levels (European, transnational/national, regional/local). Further, the hypotheses are tested in case studies in a qualitative and quantitative way (see Chapter 4). This finally allows statements about the contribution of environmental policies to spatial goals such as polycentric

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Jost Wilker and Dietwald Gruehn

improvements in the park, and willingness to work could be the amount of physical work they would carry out to cut the grass themselves. After describing the park itself and the institutional context, a typical contingent valuation questionnaire is divided into three parts (see Pearce/Atkinson/Mourato 2006 ; Stewart/Kahn 2009 ; Freeman III./Herriges/Kling 2014 ; Wilker/Rusche 2014 ). Firstly, use frequency, usage and users’ attitudes are surveyed by asking respondents to give information on their use frequency and reasons for using the good. In addition, users

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Tools for Resilience Building and Adaptive Spatial Governance

Challenges for Spatial and Urban Planning in Dealing with Vulnerability

Jörn Birkmann, Claudia Bach and Maike Vollmer

these projects offered. Thus, it remains to be seen how far these innovative projects can contribute to new standards for climate change adaptation through spatial planning for all regions and planning agencies in Germany. Nevertheless, these projects have already advanced the climate change discourse. Referring to these discussions, two major phases of the discourse can be differentiated. Whereas the first phase of the climate change discourse was focused predominantly on physical climate change and its direct impacts on different regions and cities, the second

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Stefan Fina, Angelika Krehl, Stefan Siedentop, Hannes Taubenböck and Michael Wurm

Interpretation von Luft- und Satellitenbildern. Darmstadt. Albertz J. 2001 Einführung in die Fernerkundung Grundlagen der Interpretation von Luft- und Satellitenbildern. Darmstadt Anselin, L. (1995): Local Indicators of Spatial Association – LISA. In: Geographical Analysis 27 (2), 93–115. Anselin L. 1995 Local Indicators of Spatial Association – LISA Geographical Analysis 27 2 93 115 Benjamini, Y.; Yekutieli, D. (2001): The control of the false discovery rate in multiple testing under dependency. In: The Annals of Statistics 29 (4), 1165–1188. Benjamini Y. Yekutieli D

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Gabriela B. Christmann and Oliver Ibert

1 Introduction Perceiving and dealing with endangerments form part of the history of human society. People have always tried to protect themselves from the dangers they perceive. In relation to dealing with dangers, however, it is possible to identify spatial, social and temporal differences. Thus, for instance, neighbouring coastal regions can differ from one another in the way in which they deal with the threat of storm flooding at a particular time, even though they are exposed to very similar physical environments. In addition, in the same coastal region

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Thilo Lang

, more than a response to or the means of coping with particular challenges. Resilience can be seen as a kind of systemic property. In social psychology, for instance, some scholars see resilience as being more than the ability to cope with critical events; it is a unique personal strength of children coping with physical or social challenges ( Welter-Enderlin 2006 ), it is the capacity, motivation, will or desire of people that allows them to cope with critical events. It is only in the last ten years or so that a growing interest in the concept of resilience as a

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Jean Peyrony and Olivier Denert

French, is related to the concept of aménagement du territoire —its contemporary European equivalent being territorial cohesion ( Faludi 2009 : 3). “Territory” is sometimes opposed to “space” ( DATAR 2002 : 12): space is the physical framework in which a number of natural, economic, social phenomena occur, without this framework being the object of a specific policy as such. The term of territory, in contrast, refers to inhabited space: the espaces vécus (lived spaces) defined by the French geographer Fremont (1976) . Territoires vécus presented by DATAR See