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Kevan M.A. Gartland and Jill S. Gartland

, Engineering & Medicine. Genetically engineered crops: experiences and prospects. 2016. 16. Royal Society. GM Plants: questions and answers. 2016; DES3710. 17. American Council for Science and Health. Meta-analysis shows GM crops reduce pesticide use by 37 percent. 18. Guo D, Chen F, Inoue K et al. Downregulation of caffeic acid 3-O-methyltransferase and caffeoyl coA 3-O-methyltransferase in transgenic alfalfa: impacts

Open access

Elena Ichim, Luminita Marutescu, Marcela Popa and Stelica Cristea


Control of plant bacterial diseases remains difficult due to the limited availability of efficient plant protection products with reduced negative effects either in the environment or with human and animal health. In order to reduce the usage of chemical pesticides alternative strategies for controlling plant pathogens and improve plant disease resistance are promoted. The aim of the study was to investigate the antibacterial activity of some natural compounds (plant extracts of Tamarix ramosissima, Rosmarinus officinalis, Chelidonium majus, Silybum marianum, Satureja hortensis essential oil and propolis) against bacterial ring rot pathogen, Clavibacter michiganensis ssp. sepedonicus (Cms). An agar diffusion method was used for the screening of the inhibitory effect of natural compounds on bacterial strains’ growth. Minimum inhibition concentrations (MICs) were determined by a twofold serial dilution method. The anti-pathogenic activity was investigated by the study of anti-biofilm activity of natural substances. The analyzed natural substances showed a good microbicidal activity and anti-biofilm activity. The results obtained from this study may contribute to the development of new bio-control agents as alternative strategies for prevention and control of ring rot pathogen.

Open access

Boda Ravi Kiran and Majeti Narasimha Vara Prasad

. Evaluation of Ricinus communis L. for the phytoremediation of polluted soil with organochlorine pesticides, BioMed Res. Int., Article ID 549863. 2015, 8. 130. Sanchez N, Sanchez R, Encinar JM , Gonzalez JF, Martinez G. Complete analysis of castor oil methanolysis to obtain biodiesel, Fuel, 2015, 147: 95-99. 131. Severino LS, Mendes BSS, Lima GS. Seed coat specific weight and endosperm composition define the oil content of castor seed, Ind. Crops Prod., 2015, 75B: 14-19. 132. Shi G, Xia S, Ye J, Huang Y, Liu C, Zhang Z. PEG

Open access

Peter M. Eze, Joy C. Nnanna, Ugochukwu Okezie, Happiness S. Buzugbe, Chika C. Abba, Chidimma R. Chukwunwejim, Festus B. C. Okoye and Charles O. Esimone

, Akindele PO. Antibacterial Effect of Newbouldia laevis Leaf Extract on Vancomycin and Methicillin Resistant Bacterial Isolates from Federal Medical Center, Owo. Journal of Advances in Microbiology. 2016; 1(3): 1-11. 15. Deshpande RS, Tipnis HP (1997). Insecticidal activity of Ocimum basilicum L. Pesticides 1997; 12: 21–28. 16. Chaterjee A, Sukul NC, Laskal S, Ghoshmajumdar S. Nematicidal principles from two species of Lamiaceae. Journal of Nematology 1982; 14: 118–120. 17. Bankole HA, Anjorin AA, Kazeem MI, Ogbeche ME, Agbafor U. Antibacterial

Open access

Evgeni Eltzov, Abri Lavena De Cesarea, ‘Yuen Kei Adarina Low and Robert S. Marks

polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) developmental neurotoxicity. Toxicology Letters, 2014; 230(2): p. 282-294. 46. Jin X, Lee S, Jeong Y, Yu J-P, Baek WK, Shin K-H, Kannan K,Moon H-B, Species-specific accumulation of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and other emerging flame retardants in several species of birds from Korea. Environmental Pollution, 2016; 219: p. 191-200. 47. Lee Y-H, Kim H-H, Lee J-I, Lee J-H, Kang H,Lee J-Y, Indoor contamination from pesticides used for outdoor insect control. Science of the Total Environment, 2018; 625: p. 994