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Tomasz Kiljanek, Alicja Niewiadowska and Andrzej Posyniak

REFERENCES AAAS, American Association for the Advancement of Science (2013). Infographic: Pesticide Planet. Science, 341 (6147), 728-731. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.341.6147.730 Akratanakul, P. (1990). Pesticides and beekeeping. In Beekeeping in Asia . Rome: FAO Agricultural Services Bulletin 68/4. Alix, A., & Garrido, C. (2015). Monitoring effects of pesticides on pollinators – a review of methods and outcomes by the ICPPR working group. Julius-Kühn Archiv , 450 , 284-295. Anderson, K.E., Sheehan, T.H., Eckholm, B.J., Mott, B

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Krystyna Pohorecka, Teresa Szczęsna, Monika Witek, Artur Miszczak and Piotr Sikorski

.J., Stajnbaher, D., & Schenck, F.J. (2003). Fast and easy multiresidue method employing acetonitrile extraction/partitioning and “dispersive solid-phase extraction” for the determination of pesticide residues in produce. Journal of AOAC International, 86, 412-31. Bargańska, Ż., Ślebioda, M., & Namieśnik J. (2014). Determination of pesticide residues in honey bees using modified QUEChERS sample work-up and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Molecules, 19, 2911-2924. doi: 10.3390/molecules19032911 Bargańska, Z., Ślebioda, M

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Farhang Rasuli, Javad Nazemi Rafie and Amin Sadeghi

References Adams R. G., Bartholomew C. (2012) Protecting honey bees from pesticide poisoning. University of Connecticut. 7 pp. Alex A., Miles M. (2011) Exposure of honey bees and other pollinating species to pesticides. 11th International Symposium of the ICP-BR Bee Protection Group. Wageningen (The Netherlands), November 2-4: 19-29. DOI: 10.5073/jka.2012.437.006 Aliouane Y., Hassani A., Gary V., Armengaud C., Lambin M., Gauthier M. (2009) Subchronic exposure of honeybees to sublethal doses of pesticides

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Farhang Rasuli, Javad Nazemi Rafie and Amin Sadeghi

References Adams, R.G., & Bartholomew, C. (2012). Protecting honey bees from pesticide poisoning. University of Connecticut, 7 pp. EFSA. (European Food Safety Authority). (2013). EFSA Guidance Document on the risk assessment of plant protection products on bees (Apis mellifera, Bombus spp. and solitary bees). EFSA Journal, 11(7), 268pp. EPPO/Council of Europe. (1993). Decision-Making Scheme for the Environmental Risk Assessment of Plant Protection Products - Honeybees. EPPO bulletin, 23(1), 151

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Vojislava Bursić, Gorica Vuković, Marina Đukić, Aleksandra Petrović, Magdalena Cara, Dušan Marinković and Rada Đurović-Pejčev

REFERENCES BURSIĆ, V., VUKOVIĆ, N., VUKOVIĆ, G., GVOZDENAC, S., ĐUROVIĆ-PEJČEV, R., LJUBOJEVIĆ M., CARA M.: Determination of pesticide in sour cherries using QuEChERS method by LC-MS/MS, 12th European Pesticide Residue Workshop “Pesticides in Food and Drink”, 22-25th May, Munich, Germany, Programme and Book of Abstracts, 146, 2018. BURSIĆ V., LAZIĆ, S., PUCAREVIĆ, M., BAGI, F., VUKOVIĆ, S.: Determination of captan, chlorpyriphos and cypermethrin residues in cherries, Savremena poljoprivreda, 60, 3-4, 359-366, 2011. PETROVIĆ M., SEKULIĆ J

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Lenche Velkoska-Markovska, Biljana Petanovska-Ilievska and Aleksandar Markovski

REFERENCES AKAZOME Y: Characteristics and physiological functions of polyphenols from apples. Biofactors, 22(1-4) 311-314, 2004. ALBERO B, SANCHEZ-BRUNETE C, TADEO JL: Determination of Organophosphorus Pesticides in Fruit Juices by Matrix Solid-Phase Dispersion and Gas Chromatography. J. Agric. Food Chem., 51(24) 6915-6921, 2003. ATTALLAH ER, BARAKAT DA, MAATOOK GR, BADAWY HA: Validation of a quick and easy (QuEChERS) method for the determination of pesticides residue in dried herbs. J. Food. Agric. Environ., 10(1) 755-762, 2012. BARTH SW

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Irina-Paraschiva Chiriac and E. Ulea

protects from fire blight European Journal of Plant Pathology Vol. 106 No. 6 pp. 529-536. Chiriac Irina, Ulea E., 2012 - In vitro susceptibility of Erwinia amylovora (Burrill) Winslow et al. strain isolated from pear to several plant extracts and different pesticides, Cercetări Agronomice în Moldova, Vol. XLV, No. 1 (149) / 2012, pp. 69. Constantinescu F., Severin V., Bibanu L., Chira E., 1994 - Protectia Plantelor (Plant protection), vol IV, nr. 14, Editura "Genesis" Cluj-Napoca, pp. 24

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M. Falis, I. Krupicer, J. Legáth, V. Pitoňák and M. Špalek

[1] Cox, C. (2000): Glyphosate factsheet. J. Pestic. Reform, 108(3) Retrieved November 24, 2011 from http://www.mindfully.org/Pesticide/Roundup-Glyphosate-Factsheet-Cox.htm [2] Clough, J. M., Godfrey, C. R. A., Godwin, J. R., Joseph, R. S. I., Spinks, C. (1996): Azoxystrobin: a novel broadspectrum systemic fungicide. Pestic. Outl., 7(4): 16–20 [3] Čerňanská, D., Várady, M., Čorba, J. (2006): A survey on anthelmintic resistance in nematode parasites of sheep in the Slovak Republic. Vet

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Karol Wysocki and Tadeusz Banaszkiewicz

strawberries (Fragaria × Ananassa cv. Chandler) on the quality of the fruit and on their capacity for conservation. J. Agric. Food Chem. 45(5): 1736-1740. Dogheim S.M., Gad Alla S.A., El-Marsafy A.M., 2001. Monitoring of pesticide residues in Egyptian fruits and vegetables during 1996. J. AOAC Int. 84(2): 519-531. Esitken A., Yildiz H.I., Ercisli S., Donmez M.F., Turan M., Gunes A., 2010. Effect of plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB) on yield, growth and nutrient contents of organically grown strawberry. Sci. Hort. 124: 62

Open access

Irina-Paraschiva Chiriac and E. Ulea

In Vitro Susceptibility of Erwinia Amylovora (Burrill) Winslow et al. Strain Isolated from Pear to Several Plant Extracts and Different Pesticides

In less than six months after infection, Erwinia amylovora may completely destroy a pome tree. This paper aims to increase awareness of the potential for developing plant protection strategies based on natural products. Since the damage caused by this bacterium are unrecoverable, we tested in vitro the effectiveness of a several plant extracts such as Salvia officinalis, Thymus serpyllum, Pelargonium odoratissimum, Hedera helix, Ocimum basilicum, Levisticum officinale, Tagetes patula, Galium verum and some pesticide products, on a strain of Erwinia amylovora isolated from the pomological collection of "Vasile Adamachi" farm, the University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Iaşi. The strain was isolated from damaged pear shoots, after performing patogenicity test on immature pear fruits. Following the experiment conducted, copper oxychloride (Alcupral 50 PU) and Pelargonium odoratissimum showed a very good antibacterial activity against EA - A.P. strain.