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Pāvels Sudmalis, Mārīte Ārija Baķe and Juris Rotbergs

Reducing Risks to People from the Use of Pesticides. ACS Symposium Series, Vol. 951, Chapter 4. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 49–69. Hopf, N. B., Ruder, A. M., Succop, P. (2009). Background levels of polychlorinated biphenyls in the U.S. population. Sci. Total Environ ., 407 , 6109–6119. Jackson, L. W., Lynch, C. D., Kostyniak, P. J., McGuinness, B. M., Louis, G. M. (2010). Prenatal and postnatal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls and child size at 24 months of age. Reprod. Toxicol ., 25–31. Glynn, A., Aune, M., Darnerud, P. O., Bjerselius

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T.C. Tso, J.F. Chaplin, K.E. LeLacheur and T.J. Sheets

Abstract

A special study was conducted with the aim of evaluating the effects of pesticide treatment on tobacco in comparison with tobacco not treated with any pesticide. For the purpose of growing these tobaccos, experimental plots were selected on Prince Edward Island, Canada, where contamination of air, soil and water was at a minimum. The tobacco leaf was analyzed for 35 components and 28 pesticide residues. These samples are to be used for smoke analysis and bioassay. The results will be reported in a later publication.

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M.J.P. Shaw

References 1. Cole, J. S.: Control of tobacco powdery mildew caused by Erysiphe cichoracearnm DC by foliar sprays; Rhod. J. Agric. Res. 1 (:1963) 65--70. 2. Edwards, C. A.: Insecticide residues in soils; Residue Reviews :13 (:1966) 83-:132. 3. Shaw, M. J. P.: Rhodesian moves anticipated tobacco pesticide residue problem; Tobacco N. Y. :170 (:1970) :15- 4. Tillet, E. R.: The effect of fumigation and sources of nitrogen on the yield, quality and composition of flue-cured tobacco in Rhodesia; Proc

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F.E. Guthrie

.: Summaries of Pesticide Toxicity, Food and Drug Administration, U. 5. Dept. Health, Education, and Welfare, published by Assoc. Food and Drug Officials of U. 5~, Topeka, Kansas (1965). 55. Lucas, G. B.: Unpublished data, N. C. State Univ., Raleigh, N. C. (1966). 56. Menzie, C. M.: Metabolism of Pesticides: Special Scientific Report - Wildlife No. 96 of U. S. Dept. of Interior (1966). 57. Mold, C. D., and Walker, T. B.: Tob. 5ci. 1 (1957) 161. 58. Monnett, R., and DuPont, 0.: Bull. Algerion

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C.W. Ayers

References 1. Gaisch, H., and F. Moser: Private communication to the Coresta Pesticide Sub-Group, 1974. 2. Sdlmid, K., A. Rastetter and Fr. Burkart: Die Fordlheimer Methode zur Bestimmung von Dithiocarbamat- Riidmiinden bei Tabak; Beitr. Tabakforsdl. 6 (1972), 223-226. 3. Coresta Recommended Method No. 1 his for the determination of dithiocarbamates in toba"cco: Coresta Information Bulletin 1974-2, 19-22. 4. Keppel, G. E.: Modification of the carbon disulfide evolution method for dithiocarbamate

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P. Ceschini and R. Chauchaix

References 1. Coresta, Standard Method Nr. 10: Machine smoking of cigarettes, determination of crude and dry smoke condensate; Coresta Information Bulletin 1969-1, 14-33. 2a. Coresta Recommended Method No. 2: Determination of organochlorine pesticide residues in tobacco; Coresta Information Bulletin 1974-2, 23-30. 2b.Coresta-Methode Nr. 2: Methode fiir die Bestimmung von Riickstanden an Organochlor-Pestiziden in Tabak; Beitr. Tabakforsch. 8 (1975) 109-111. 3. Coresta Standard Method No. 13

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W. Specht and M. Tillkes

, M. A., J. E. Froberg, H. T. Masumoto: J. Ass. Off. Anal. Chem. 58 (1975) 1020-1026. 7. Johnson, L. D., R. H. Waltz, J. P. Ussary und F. E. Kaiser: J. Ass. Off. Anal. Chem. 59 (1976) 174-187. 8. Stalling, D. L.: 3rd Intern. Conf. on Pesticide Chemistry, Helsinki, 1974. 9. Leicht, R., M. Schofield, L. D. Johnson und R. Waltz: Firmenschrift von Analytical Bio Chemistry Laboratories, Inc., P. O. Box 1097, Columbia, Missouri, 65201, U.S.A. 10. Gorbach, S. G., S. Winkler und E. Gaudernack: Z. Anal. Chem

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Jēkabs Raipulis, Malda Toma and Maija Balode

References Ahitiainen, J.H., Vanhala, P., Myllymaki, J. (2003). Effects of different plant protection programme on soil microbes. Ecotox. Environm. Safety , 54 , 56--64. Ames, B.N. (1992) Pollution, pesticides and cancer. J. AOAC (Association of Analytical Communities) Int. , 75 , 1--5. Anonymous (1996). ISO 6341:20 Water quality: Determination of long time toxicity of substances to Daphnia magna Strauss ( Cladocera Crustacea ). International Organization for Standardization

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HJ Eberhardt

Abstract

Conference Report Systemic Acquired Resistance (SAR): a meeting organized by the pesticide group of the society of the chemical industry, march 10, 1998, London, UK

Open access

Branimir Nježić, Dušan Pećanin and Gordana Ðurić

Abstract

European cherry fruit fly (Rhagoletis cerasi) is the key pest of sweet and sour cherry throughout Europe. Pest management is usually based on pesticide application. The key of successful management is knowing the proper time of pesticide application, based on the phenological model. To develop a phenological model, a local population of the pest from the northern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina was studied. First adult appearance and population densities were monitored by yellow sticky traps. Soil and air temperatures were compared at two thermal thresholds, 5 °C and 7 °C. Air temperature was applied in the model since it is more suitable for farmers and is related to soil temperature. Both thermal thresholds can be used. The first adult flies were captured after 435 degree-days (dd) and the first cumulative 5% of the catch after 605 dd. These two times should be considered for time of application of pesticides. Regarding time for first egg hatch, the first larva burrowed into fruits at 730 dd. Cultivars that can be harvested beginning on the 730 dd calculate from 1 March are considered to have low risk of cherry fruit fly damage.