pacjentów wobec choroby. Zdrowie Publiczne. 2008; 118 (3): 259–263.
5. Fortune G, Barrowclough C, Lobban F. Illness representations in depression. British Journal Clinical Psycholog y. 2004; 43(4):347–364.
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Dental anxiety can be defined as abnormal fear or dread of visiting the dentist for preventive care or therapy and unwarranted anxiety over dental procedures (Reference.MD, 2018). This clinical condition is a major factor contributing to patients’ refusal for treatment at a dental surgery ( Skaret et al., 1999 , Scheutz & Heidmann, 2001 , Hittner & Hemmo, 2009 ). Dental anxiety is a serious public health problem affecting a very significant proportion of the population ( Smith & Heaton, 2003 , Klinberg & Broberg, 2007 , Astrom et al., 2011
disorder (PTSD), major depressive disorder (MDD), anxiety, phobia, prolonged grief and behavioural problems are common (Neria, et al., 2009; Norris & Elrod, 2006 ; Norris, et al., 2002). Among the different types of natural disasters, river bank erosion is less discussed in the social, political or scientific community as it is happening most of the time somewhere in the world.
Bangladesh is a riverine country in the Southeast Asia where natural disasters are a very common phenomenon due to its geo territorial location, land characteristics, multiplicity of rivers and
S M Yasir Arafat, Konstantinos Papadopoulos, Mohammad S I Mullick and Md. Saleh Uddin
chronic (Miller & Smith 1993). Acute and episodic acute stress can be eustress in small doses and are the most common forms of stress ( Hammen et al., 2009 ).
Unlike the first two categories, chronic stress is not exciting but can destroy bodies, minds and lives; can affect people of all ages and genders and can lead not only to physical but also to psychological health problems ( Anderson, 1998 ). Chronic stress can be defined as the response to emotional pressure experienced for a prolonged period of time, when the individuals have the feeling of having little or no
Ahmed Waqas, Aqsa Iftikhar, Zahra Malik, Kapil Kiran Aedma, Hafsa Meraj and Sadiq Naveed
help-seeking skills, thus, concealing their emotional behavioural difficulties ( Walter et al., 2013 ; Ahmed Waqas et al., 2014 ).
Social support is also associated with numerous physical and psychosocial health benefits. It enhances empathy in medical students, which might be an indicator of its stress buffering effects ( Park et al., 2015 ). Poor interpersonal support is associated with increased prevalence of major depressive disorder, generalized anxiety, social phobia, sleep problems and several physical health problems (Jeong et al., 2010b; Moak and Agrawal
de l’alcoolodépendant à travers l’échelle Tennessee du concept de soi. Encephale.2004; 30(1):24-31.
16. Lopez MA, Heffer RW. Self-concept and social competence of university student victims of childhood physical abuse. Child Abuse Negl.1998;22(3):183-95.
17. Giant CL, Vartanian LR. Experiences with parental aggression during childhood and self-concept in adulthood: The importance of subjective perceptions.J Fam Violence. 2003;18(6):361-7.
18. Turner HA, Butler MJ. Direct and indirect effects of childhood adversity on depressive symptoms in young
of eating disorders amongst black, South African, women coincided with dramatic political change that defined South Africa as a post-apartheid state. A number of key background issues were identified that could have explained the absence of described cases prior to those by Szabo, Berk, Tlou and Allwood (1995) et al, namely the idea of eating disorders as a white problem (Szabo & le Grange, 2001) as well as the role of traditional healers in dealing with eating related problems that were understood as culturally driven and therefore did not present to the
Katja Koelkebeck, Maja Pantovic Stefanovic, Dorota Frydecka, Claudia Palumbo, Olivier Andlauer, Florian Riese, Nikolina Jovanovic and Mariana Pinto da Costa
their research interest at the beginning of residency, but only toward the end
- bias: participants were researchers in a higher number of cases
- gender imbalance (F: 67.9%)
- only residents have been investigated
- not all programs have been investigated
- data not corrected for multiple comparisons
Torous & Padmanabhan, 2014
Getting experience in research early in training to balance research time as well as clinical work
- lack of (uninterrupted) time
- problems in finding a suitable research question
van Effenterre et
Nikolina Jovanovic, Jill Francis, Nadja P. Maric, Aliriza Arenliu, Stojan Barjaktarov, Alma Dzubur Kulenovic, Lidija Injac, Yan Feng and Antoni Novotni
clinicians, so the intervention is well suited for health care systems with limited resources. With only minimal training (3 hours), a range of clinical staff (e.g. nurses, psychologists and psychiatrists) in the United Kingdom was able to successfully implement the intervention in routine practice ( Priebe et al., 2015 ). As a cost-saving intervention that does not rely on any one professional group, it allows for affordable management and for expanding patients’ access to care. DIALOG+ provides a comprehensive screening of mental, physical and social problems and leads
Albertazzi, L. (2015). A science of qualities. Biological Theory , 10 , 188–199.
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